CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND            AFRICAN AGRICULTURE GRANTEE CONVENING                       24-25 February 2011Pr...
Brief Background of the Institution• Vision  Oxfam America envisions a just world without poverty.  Mission  Oxfam America...
Your other projects/programs on climate change             adaptation• Focus on Policy Advocacy and Awareness Raising   – ...
Your other projects/programs on climate change adaptation• Research Cont’d   – The Role of Small-scale Women Food Producer...
Objectives of the Rockefeller Foundation Grant1.1To increase the effectiveness, accountability, and scalability of the   H...
Key Activities Related to the Grant1.1 Reach 4 more villages•   Pilot Expansion planning with partners•   Community Vulner...
Key Activities1.2 Install new automatic weather stations and plastic raingauges• 4 Weather stations and 96 plastic rain ga...
1.3 Key Activities – Test the feasibility of crop insurance forirrigated small scale farms•   TOR prepared and Call for Pr...
HARITA - Implementation Approach                                                               )                          ...
PARTNERS   Global     The Rockefeller Foundation     IRI/Columbia University     Swiss Re-insurance Company   Nationa...
Highlight on the Progress to date• HARITA was expanded to five villages and 1308 households• More crops i.e, barley, wheat...
Early Findings (optional)• Interviews with farmers indicated that they are benefitting from the  existence of the insuranc...
Key Challenges•   Low level of financial Literacy of farmers•   Limited number local insurers interested in crop insurance...
Lessons Learnt• The vulnerability of farmers to fall into a poverty trap reduced in  those villages reached by HARITA• Imp...
Emerging Opportunities for Collaboration• Partnership with Farmers Cooperatives and Unions being developed• Micro-insuranc...
Towards Climate Resilience in Agriculture             PSNP                                HARITA                          ...
Next steps•   Expand HARITA to 50 villages in Tigray to prove scale•   Expand to one more region as risk diversification s...
Thank You!             17
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Oxfam - Sophia Bellay

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Rockefeller convening presentation by Oxfam America's Sophia Bellay

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Oxfam - Sophia Bellay

  1. 1. CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND AFRICAN AGRICULTURE GRANTEE CONVENING 24-25 February 2011Project Name: HARITA (Horn of Africa Risk Transfer for Adaptation) Grantee : OXFAM AMERICA Presenter : SOPHIA BELAY, MICRO-INSURANCE COORDINATOR 0
  2. 2. Brief Background of the Institution• Vision Oxfam America envisions a just world without poverty. Mission Oxfam America is committed to creating lasting solutions to poverty, hunger, and social injustice. Values Oxfam America strives to be: Trustworthy, Accountable, Collaborative, Creative, Professional and Results-driven 1
  3. 3. Your other projects/programs on climate change adaptation• Focus on Policy Advocacy and Awareness Raising – Creation of Climate Change Forum• Workshops and Learning Events to Various Stakeholders – The Ethiopian Parliament – Ethiopian Climate Change Negotiators – Women Constituencies• Mass Mobilization (Climate Hearings to demand justice in International negotiations)• Research – The rain doesn’t come on time anymore: Climate Variability, Vulnerability and Poverty in Ethiopia 2
  4. 4. Your other projects/programs on climate change adaptation• Research Cont’d – The Role of Small-scale Women Food Producers in a Climate Smart Agricultural Development: A Case Study – Governance of Climate Finance – Understanding Community Based Coping Mechanisms and their Interaction with extra local interventions 3
  5. 5. Objectives of the Rockefeller Foundation Grant1.1To increase the effectiveness, accountability, and scalability of the HARITA model piloted in Adi-Ha by reaching 4 more villages in Tigray1.2 Install new automatic stations and plastic rain gauges which would serve for verifying the satellite data1.3 To test the feasibility of crop insurance for small scale farmers engaged in irrigated agriculture. 4
  6. 6. Key Activities Related to the Grant1.1 Reach 4 more villages• Pilot Expansion planning with partners• Community Vulnerability and Capacity Assesements• Financial Package Preparation• Education and Outreach, Consumer Protection• HARITA farmers enrollment• Risk Reduction Implementation• Evaluation and Learning 5
  7. 7. Key Activities1.2 Install new automatic weather stations and plastic raingauges• 4 Weather stations and 96 plastic rain gauges imported with technical support of IRI in the selection process• Site selection for the weather stations was done with the technical support of NMA• Training given to NMA by IRI on how to operate the stations• Training given to farmers by NMA on how to use the rain gauges• Plastic rain gauges distributed to representative farmers - 24 farmers per village 6
  8. 8. 1.3 Key Activities – Test the feasibility of crop insurance forirrigated small scale farms• TOR prepared and Call for Proposals made• Monitor Progress and facilitate• Review draft report• Results shared internally• Report proved that there is a demand for insurance among small scale irrigated farms, both for their infrastructure and their crops 7
  9. 9. HARITA - Implementation Approach ) Labor Cash / Grain Donations Insurance - Labor for-Work Ins. Voucher Poorest Donations ProgramRockefeller HouseholdsFoundation PremiumsLocal Insurer Premiums Microfinance Premiums (Nyala) Poor & Payouts Institution Payouts HouseholdsGlobal Reinsurer (DECSI) Credit (Swiss Re) Repmnts 8
  10. 10. PARTNERS Global  The Rockefeller Foundation  IRI/Columbia University  Swiss Re-insurance Company National  Project owners  Nyala Insurance Company  Ethiopian National Metrological Agency  Mekelle University  Institute for Sustainable Development  REST- A Local NGO  DECSI Microfinance Institution 9
  11. 11. Highlight on the Progress to date• HARITA was expanded to five villages and 1308 households• More crops i.e, barley, wheat were insured, in addition to teff.• Two policy options were availed to farmers, the dry and the very dry contracts.• Farmers were engaged in Risk Reduction Activities designed to increase their resilience to climate change- designed in collaboration with Mekelle University, the Tigray Agricultural Research Institute and the Institute for Sustainable Development.• Approximately 40% of insured households were female headed households.• Growing interest in micro-insurance both as a development model by donors and practitioners and as a business model by the insurance industry 10
  12. 12. Early Findings (optional)• Interviews with farmers indicated that they are benefitting from the existence of the insurance as they are now getting increased yields due to more productive inputs like better yield seeds.• Evaluation, which would be finalized by end of May 2011, is underway. 11
  13. 13. Key Challenges• Low level of financial Literacy of farmers• Limited number local insurers interested in crop insurance• Low capacity on the supply side i.e, insurance industry• Limited number of weather stations owned by NMA• Engaging financial institutions e.g MFIs• No clear policy on agricultural insurance 12
  14. 14. Lessons Learnt• The vulnerability of farmers to fall into a poverty trap reduced in those villages reached by HARITA• Importance of partnerships i.e, Private Sector, NMA, IRI, Mekelle University• Effectiveness of a demand driven insurance policy• Importance of capacity building of both the demand and supply side to promote sustainability• More farmers demand coverage• Importance of the holistic approach in order to make meaningful and sustainable changes.• Importance of Community Risk Pool fund as an additional risk management layer for small weather shocks• The importance of the conducive policy environment to scale up HARITA i.e PSNP and Growth and Transformation Plan 13
  15. 15. Emerging Opportunities for Collaboration• Partnership with Farmers Cooperatives and Unions being developed• Micro-insurance being considered as a climate change adaptation approach by more donors, Gov’t Agencies, Farmers Cooperative Unions and increasingly by farmers• HARITA’s success attracted the interest of WFP• A joint 5 year rural resilience program modeled on HARITA in Partnership with WFP• WFP’s experience in managing safety nets with Gov’ts is an asset 14
  16. 16. Towards Climate Resilience in Agriculture PSNP HARITA R4 WFP + International Donors + Oxfam America + Swiss RE + WFP + OA Govt of Ethiopia Communities + REST+IRI + Nyala+ Mekel + Communities + Partners e U + DECSI Risk Risk Risk REDUCTION REDUCTION REDUCTION Risk Risk Risk Risk TRANSFER TAKING TRANSFER TAKING Risk RESERVESDRR thru Cash / Food-For-Work DRR thru Insurance-For-Work DRR thru Insurance-For-Work + + Credit facilities / opportunities Credit facilities / opportunities + Individual & Community Savings Food For Work HARITA Food Security through (Safety Nets) Climate Resilience 2011 2005 15
  17. 17. Next steps• Expand HARITA to 50 villages in Tigray to prove scale• Expand to one more region as risk diversification strategy• Insure maize and Sorghum in addition to teff, barely and wheat• Organize series of trainings to the industry to enhance capacity 16
  18. 18. Thank You! 17

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