KARI Dr. Jane Wamuongo


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Rockefeller convening presentation by KARI's Dr. Jane Wamuongo

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KARI Dr. Jane Wamuongo

  1. 1. CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND AFRICAN AGRICULTURE GRANTEE CONVENING 24-25 February 2011Project Name: Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation at KARIGrantee : Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) Presenter: Dr. Jane Wamuongo 0
  2. 2. Brief Background of the Institution• The Kenya Agricultural Research Institute is the premier national agricultural research organization with the legal mandate to carry out research in fields of agriculture and veterinary sciences.• KARI undertakes research on food crops, horticultural and industrial crops, livestock production & health, range management, natural resource management, and socio-economics & biometry.• KARI mission is to contribute to increased productivity, commercialization and competitiveness of th agricultural sector through generation and promotion of knowledge, information and technologies that respond to clients’ demands and opportunities.• KARI manages 22 main centres and 14 sub-centres strategically spread throughout the country to cater for different agro-ecological zones and socio-economic systems 1
  3. 3. Your other projects/programs on climate change adaptationPerceptions and adaptation strategies to Climate Change in semi-arid Kenya – Aim is to assess knowledge of climate change shocks, vulnerability, current adaptation measures and most needed developments to adapt to climate change• Water Efficient Maize for Africa – Using biotechnology-mediated plant breeding techniques to select maize varieties, which are able to use water efficiently and thrive in drought conditions• Drought Tolerant Maize for Africa – using conventional plant breeding methods to identify niche specific maize varieties that are tolerant to drought, and are targeted to the semi-arid lands (ASALs) where drought is endemic• Kenya Arid and Semi Arid Lands projects (KASAL) – conduct research towards the development and dissemination of coping strategies for the arid and semi arid areas of Kenya 2
  4. 4. Your other projects/programs on climate change adaptation• Up-scaling and promotion of suitable integrated soil fertility and water management strategies for increasing productivity in the ASALs of Kenya using farmer field schools• Integrated technologies for drought mitigation and increasing smallholder sorghum productivity• Introduction and evaluation of biofuel crops as alternative sources of energy and income generation• Early Warning and Contingency Plans for Resource Management during Crisis Situations in Pastoral Areas of East and Central Africa• Climate variability and adaptive strategies for livestock feeding in agro-pastoral systems in drylands of Kenya 3
  5. 5. Objectives of the Rockefeller Foundation Grant• Develop a new climate change focal point – increase the opportunity for and incidence of collaborative work – develop capacity of researchers in technical climate change adaptation topics• Increase awareness of climate change issues and concerns internally and externally – to contribute to and facilitate knowledge development and information sharing• Coordinate and direct funding for climate change adaptation research in order to mainstream climate change efforts across KARI• Engage external partners and stakeholders on relevant issue areas 4
  6. 6. Key Activities Related to the Grant• Obj. 1: Develop new Climate Change focal directorate – Activity 1.1: Set up an organization structure – Activity 1.2: Set up the CCU – Activity 1.3: Publicize the programme internally – Activity 1.4: Launch the programme• Obj. 2: Increase awareness of climate change issues and concerns internally and externally – Activity 2.1: Understand and publicize available climate change resources – Activity 2.2: Publicize project results – Activity 2.3: Engage with external partners 5
  7. 7. Key Activities Related to the Grant• Obj. 3: Coordinate and direct funding for climate change adaptation research in order to mainstream climate change efforts across KARI – Activity 3.1: Understand ongoing climate change efforts (in KARI) – Activity 3.2: Determine KARI climate change agenda – Activity 3.3: Influence climate change research• Obj. 4: Engage with external stakeholders 6
  8. 8. Highlight on the Progress to date• Appointed a Environment Research Coordinator• Launched of the Climate Change Unit• Recruited a Climate Vulnerability and Adaptation Expert• Appointed a Technical Advisory Group (TAG)• Appointed 7 regional climate change adaptation representatives to represent 7 major agricultural zones along the KARI mandates• Documented and catalogued information on climate change conducted within KARI (800 records including published and grey literature)• Floated an Expression of Interest for concepts to all KARI centers and 41 concepts received. Evaluation of the concepts is ongoing. 7
  9. 9. Highlight on the Progress to date• Two posters presented at the International Conference on Biodiversity, Land Use and Climate Change; one journal article was produced in the Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology• Climate change papers presented at the 12th KARI Biannual conference (Oct 2010)• Participated in international meeting on climate change (Netherlands & Cancun)• Assessed the status of all weather stations (automatic and mechanical) in KARI. •identified constraints to optimal collection, provision and utilization of agro-meteorological data and service• Research fund – 15 concepts being processed for implementation• Partnered with Pamoja Media to train about 9 KARI staff on online communication and platform (social networks) 8
  10. 10. Key Challenges• Delays in commencing implementation of the project• Departure of key members of staff of the CCU (Coordinator, CC Expert)• Lack of climate experts in climate science• Delays in procurement of equipment due to cumbersome procurement procedures• Inadequacy of funds for climate change adaptation research 9
  11. 11. Lessons Learnt• Setting up the CCU & creating awareness has led to great demand for sustained funding but also opened opportunities for extra funding• KARI was already doing a lot of work in adaptation but it was not mainstreamed• Having a CCU has opened up other opportunities for collaboration with other sectors involved in climate change activities• Networking (regional) can help in drawing synergies and avoid duplication of efforts• Climate change research will require long term funding commitment to sustain activities 10
  12. 12. Emerging Opportunities for Collaboration• Additional opportunities from developments partners (proposal to IDRC).• Collaboration with other initiatives such as WIND (Weather Information for Development) that facilitates wide coverage and validation of agro- meteorological data.• Enhanced collaboration with KMD to use weather stations in a more effective manner• Inclusion and partnering in the country climate change agenda (climate change secretariat) 11
  13. 13. Next steps• Revise the MoU between KARI and KMD to make it more effective and mutually beneficial.• Finalize review of proposals for the KARI Climate Change Research Fund• Develop user-friendly knowledge management system (climate change dedicated database), integrated with current KARI data system (hire contractor)• Continue to communicate programme results e.g., through publications, newsletters, emails, to internal and external stakeholders 12
  14. 14. • Compile and review existing government policies related to agriculture and climate change• Rehabilitate some weather stations and train data recorders (in collaboration with KMD)• Replace the CC Expert (if possible)• Explore for more collaborative avenues.• Request for an extension? 13