CITIES AND CLIMATE CHANGE INITIATIVENEWSLETTERJune 2011Pilot Initiatives in Sorsogon City Address Climate ChangeFollowing ...
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CCCI newsletter June 2011


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CCCI newsletter June 2011

  1. 1. CITIES AND CLIMATE CHANGE INITIATIVENEWSLETTERJune 2011Pilot Initiatives in Sorsogon City Address Climate ChangeFollowing its climate change vulner-ability assessment, Sorsogon City or-ganized a city-wide consultation withresidents and stakeholders. This con-sultation resulted in the formulationof four multi-sectoral Issues WorkingGroups, set up to address the keyissues identified by the city and thelocal population. All four workinggroups have developed comprehen-sive plans to address climate change.The housing and basic infrastructurecomponent focuses on developinglocal minimum building standardsfor Climate Change resilient low-income housing and to apply thesein demonstration houses. Initialresearch (on good practices, legisla-tion and hydraulic hazards) resultedin a workshop where experts and thelocal community agreed on the basics Sorsogon City, Philippines ©UN-Habitat/Bernhard Barthfor the standards. Five hotspots were school buildings used as evacuation taxis, most of which have two-strokeassessed to adapt the standards to the centers. engines. Technology for electric tri-specific needs. Housing units are be- cycles (retrofitting) is available in theing retrofitted and at least 33 houses The fourth component focuses on Philippines and a Social Bank provideswill be built as pilots. Additional as- Climate Change mitigation, which loans for such a conversion. Sorsogonsessments are underway to assess spe- is particularly remarkable given the is in negotiations to advance thesecific vulnerabilities of the basic water limited Greenhouse Gas emissions plans. For more information pleaseand sanitation infrastructure. associated with Sorsogon Cities. Early visit: on the city had committed to convert change.The livelihood component focuses on traditional light bulbs with CFL bulbs.the most vulnerable sectors (fisheries However, after further investigationand agriculture) and the identification the city decided to go through aof alternative livelihoods. second procurement process when it opted for LED lights: these were seenThe Climate and Disaster Risk Reduc- as better reflecting the city’s com-tion component focuses on a com- mitment to high environmental andbination of better information and climate change standards.awareness of the community, bettercoordination between different gov- The second key element of the miti-ernment departments on the national gation plan is the conversion of theand local level and on retrofitting of omnipresent motor tricycles, used as
  2. 2. ARTICLES June 2011One Year After Conference, Green Building MovementStruggles to Take Root in AfricaIn May 2010, builders and stakeholders submitted expressions of interest to the for the South African context in Kenya andfrom 19 countries in Africa assembled in World GBC; subsequently they have been elsewhere. Gremley plans an official launchNairobi, Kenya, and committed themselves recognized as ‘prospective’ GBCs. Ghana of their GBC in July, and a conference into promoting building practices that are also submitted an EOI to the World GBC November 2011. A challenge for the com-environmentally friendly and reduce green- but currently holds the less advanced ‘as- munity in Kenya is orchestrating the mergerhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Participants in sociated’ status. (Botswana, which did not of two separate groups that at differentthe “Conference on Green Building Rating participate in the Conference, also contact- times submitted EOIs to the World Africa” particularly favoured establishing ed the World GBC and holds ‘associated’green building councils as a means to pro- status.) A year after the Conference, partici- Ghana. In the long term of Ghana GBCmote green building practices. One year af- pants report on the status of their efforts: sees its objective as “developing a build-ter that Conference, which was sponsored ing rating tool system that is recognized inby UN-Habitat’s Cities and Climate Change Nigeria. Akin Akindoyeni, Chair of the Ghana and accepted internationally”. In theInitiative, we survey progress around the Council of Registered Builders of Nigeria, short term, however, this GBC has focusedregion in establishing these Councils and reports that he has been “doing his best on sensitizing professional builders andpromoting green building practices. to midwife” the GBC Nigeria. After be- officials about green building theory and ing recognized as a ‘prospective’ GBC in practice. They recently held a public forumGreen building councils (GBCs) advance August 2010, their group quickly identi- on “The Principles and Technology of Greengreener building practices by sponsoring fied potential members for their Board Buildings”, and in the future plan a seminarprofessional development about such tech- of Directors, held a series of meetings, on a similar topic targeted at national andnologies. They also develop, adapt to local finalised their constitution, and drafted local officials. Meanwhile they have estab-conditions and promote the use of tools business and marketing plans. They have, lished a web presence at as LEED or Green Star that measure or however, run into a snag in getting theirrate the environmental friendliness of build- group officially registered as a corporate These countries are not alone. Participantsings. They can also lobby governments. entity and hope to resolve this soon. in the Nairobi Conference committedSuch councils thus can catalyze profound themselves to establishing a regional net-changes in the building industry – a sector Kenya. Architect Andrew Gremley reports work. In the weeks following the Confer-with great potential for reducing GHG that members of their group are seeing ence UN-Habitat facilitated an E-dialogueemissions. While green building rating is demand from certain clients for the green amongst participants; then the World GBCvoluntary, innovative practices can work certification of their buildings. With the de- established a page for the Africa Networktheir way into reformed building codes. velopment of home-grown rating tools not of GBCs on its website. In SeptemberThe recently enacted California Green on the immediate horizon, as an interim 2010 the GBC of South Africa hosted anBuilding Standards Code, for example, measure their group is in discussions with ‘Africa GBC Day’ in Cape Town. UN-Habitateffectively requires all new construction to the GBC of South Africa about the possibil- continues to monitor the progress of thisachieve the equivalent of a ‘silver rating’ ity of applying their rating tools in Kenya. movement in Africa, and can provideunder the voluntary LEED system. GBCSA in turn is seeking the permission further support as appropriate. Conference of the Australian GBC to apply the Green materials are available at www.unhabitat.At the time of the 2010 Conference there Star tools that originally were customized org/categories.asp?catid=640.were 20 fully established councils world-wide and another 40 in various stagesof development. Most of these Councils,however, were in developed countries: Sub-Saharan Africa had only one establishedGBC, in South Africa, with no other councilsofficially under development. At the Con-ference, however, participants met industryleaders who were forming such Councils incountries nearby like Egypt, Morocco andMauritius, as well as with representatives offully established Councils in India and SouthAfrica. They also posed questions to theExecutive Director of the World GBC whoparticipated via remote hook-up.Inspired by these contacts, in the weeksfollowing the Conference several Africancountries reached out to the World GBC.Representatives from Nigeria and Kenya,whose enthusiastic Conference delegationsincluded more than ten professionals each, ©Michelle Malanca
  3. 3. ARTICLES June 2011UN-Habitat and UNEP Join Forces onEcosystem-based AdaptationLami is a coastal town of 20,000 inhabit- The town council has increased its efforts inants in the metropolitan area of Suva, the coastal protection and is actively engagingcapital of Fiji. One of four pilot cities of the the community in disaster preparednessCities and Climate Change Initiative (CCCI) action plans as a result. The partial destruc-in the Pacific, the local government has tion of the mangroves and the vulnerabilityembarked on a vulnerability assessment of the remaining mangrove forests wasand started to address climate change. of particular concern. In particular to as- sess the value of the mangroves for floodThe initiative began with the identi- protection, UN-HABITAT and UNEP joinedfication of the most vulnerable areas forces. Building on the vulnerability assess-validated by the communities. The local ment, a cost-benefit analysis of an eco-council has put climate change high on systems based approach to climate changethe agenda, organized public meetings, adaptation is currently under campaigns and festivals. Lami is Depending on the results – but given earlyalso championing climate change in dia- assessments it is likely that eco-systemslogue with national authorities such as rehabilitation will take place – the twothe Ministry of Local Government, Urban agencies will support Lami in implementingDevelopment, Housing & Environment, corresponding adaptation measures.the Disaster Management Committee aswell as with other local authorities. Port Vila, the capital of Vanuatu and Apia, the capital of Samoa are following the Lami, Fiji ©UN-HabitatFiji experiences tropical cyclones and Lami is process in Lami closely. Towards the endparticularly vulnerable to flooding from the of 2011 a regional workshop is plannedriver systems traversing it and from storm to share the experiences and, if foundsurges. Coastal and river bank erosion are successful, UN-HABITAT and UNEP areongoing and landslides are frequent. committed to support replication.St Louis Hires Climate Change AssistantThe city of Saint Louis in Senegal is work- As UN-HABITAT is starting the imple-ing with CCCI to support climate change mentation of construction of housingplanning. Very vulnerable to sea level rise for the relocation of residents at risk,and changes in rainfall regimes, the city is with support from the Government ofconfronted with both development and Japan, additional opportunities exist toenvironmental problems and is deter- experiment with climate sensitive hous-mined to address them through its Vision ing and settlement designs and to de-2030. In February 2011 the city hired a velop innovative building approaches.Climate Change Assistant, Mr CheikhTidiane Wade, who will be in charge of More information on the work ongo-following the implementation of the cli- ing in Saint Louis is available at www.mate change related activities. Mr. Wade work closely with the Agence deDeveloppment Communal in Saint Louison vulnerability mapping, development ofsensitisation materials and community riskassessment processes, and in reviewing lo-cal planning documents, including Vision2030, to climate proof them. St Louis, Senegal ©UN-Habitat/Marie Dariel-Scognamillo
  4. 4. PUBLICATIONS June 2011Launch of Tool for Urban PlannersPlanning for Climate Change – A For more information visit http://www.strategic, values-based guide for urban has been launched. Termed 14-03-11.pdfVersion 1 is currently being piloted intraining and will be field tested in se-lected CCCI cities. The tool is intendedto support planners everywhere, butis intended to be of particular benefitto planners working in low and middle A STRATEGIC, VALUES-BASED APPROACH FOR URBAN PLANNERSincome countries who want to addressclimate change. The guide’s value-basedstrategic planning process is organ-ized around a four-step approach thatincorporates innovative structureddecision-making tools with a participa- VERSION 1: FOR FIELD TESTING AND PILOTING IN TRAININGtory, community-based methodology.EVENTSLaunch of Network for Cities and planners. Following the Asia-Pacific regional and will take the regional experiencesClimate Change Academy (CCCA) workshop (in 2010) and the African work- forward. Generic, adaptable course mod-June 2011 shop (May 2011) the Global Workshop is ules are to be conceptualized during the planned to precede the ICLEI Resilient Cities workshop and developed thereafter. TheseThe Cities and Climate Change Academy is Congress. The meeting is jointly organized modules can be packaged into an urbanthe university arm of the Cities and Climate with the International Institute for Environ- climate change course or can be used inChange Initiative, aiming to develop course ment and Development, the United Nations support of existing courses. For more infor-modules on climate change for urban University and Technical University Munich mation contact USHeadquarted at UN-Habitat in Nairobi, developed previously by UN-Habitat so Nations Development Account, the Citiesthe Cities and Climate Change Initiative as to specifically address climate change Alliance, the Government of Sweden and(CCCI) involves the participation of more issues within the city. A complementary other sources of global, regional, nationalthan 20 cities worldwide. It targets medi- set of tools is being developed to support and local funding. Newsletters of theum-sized cities in developing and least- cities in raising awareness on the impact Cities and Climate Change Initiative aredeveloped countries and emphasizes good of climate change and support mitigation electronically published periodically. Forgovernance and practical initiatives for the and adaptation activities. Since 2008, more information contact uepb@unhabi-municipalities and their citizens. The CCCI CCCI has been generously supported by or visit has adapted participatory processes the Government of Norway, the United