The End of<br />The Cold War<br />
Communism Fails<br />Failures of Communism<br />Most Communist countries were struggling by the 1980’s<br />Economic failu...
Reform in the Soviet Union (1985-1991)<br />Mikhail Gorbachev: leader who reformed the Soviet Union<br />Perestroika: rest...
The Collapse of Communist Governments<br />Changes in Europe<br />Anti-Communist Revolutions begin in Eastern Europe (1989...
Changes in China<br />By the 1980s, many people in China were unhappy with the ruling Communist government<br />Tiananmen ...
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The end of the cold war

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The end of the cold war

  1. 1. The End of<br />The Cold War<br />
  2. 2. Communism Fails<br />Failures of Communism<br />Most Communist countries were struggling by the 1980’s<br />Economic failures<br />Extreme poverty<br />Food shortages<br />Political (government) failures<br />Corruption<br />Harsh treatment of people<br />Very few freedoms<br />
  3. 3. Reform in the Soviet Union (1985-1991)<br />Mikhail Gorbachev: leader who reformed the Soviet Union<br />Perestroika: restructuring of Soviet economy and government<br />Allowed some private ownership and profit<br />Created a Soviet Parliament<br />Glasnost: openness of government and freedom of speech<br />Allowed people to openly criticize or disagree with the government<br />Self-determination: people of Eastern Europe could choose their own governments<br />The Soviet military would no longer be used to keep Communist governments of other nations in power<br />
  4. 4. The Collapse of Communist Governments<br />Changes in Europe<br />Anti-Communist Revolutions begin in Eastern Europe (1989)<br />The Fall of the Berlin Wall (1989)<br />Germany is reunified under a democratic government (1990)<br />The Breakup of the Soviet Union (1991)<br />The Soviet Union split into 15 countries (Russia is the largest)<br />
  5. 5. Changes in China<br />By the 1980s, many people in China were unhappy with the ruling Communist government<br />Tiananmen Square Massacre (1989)<br />Hundreds of pro-democracy demonstrators were massacred by Chinese military<br />China has relaxed its communist economic policies but it remains a totalitarian nation<br />

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