Causes of the french revolution

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Causes of the french revolution

  1. 1.  Presented new ideas about the role of the people in government  John Locke: the purpose of government is to protect life, liberty, and property If government doesn’t do its job, the people have the right to overthrow the government and form a new one.
  2. 2.  Thomas Jefferson used Locke’s ideas in writing the Declaration of Independence.  The success of the American Revolution was a model for the French.
  3. 3.  France was split into 3 classes, called Estates  In this system the nobility and clergy had all of the power, most of the land, and paid none of the taxes  The common people had none of the power, only a little of the land, and paid all of the taxes
  4. 4.  King Louis XVI was an extravagant spender  Went into debt over war spending (including money spent to help America defeat the British)  The people were already highly taxed  The banks wouldn’t lend the king any money
  5. 5.  The king called the Estates-General together to vote to raise taxes  The 3rd Estate insisted on a bigger say in the government, but the king refused  The 3rd Estate formed their own body called the National Assembly  They met on the king’s tennis court to form a new constitution, called theTennis Court Oath
  6. 6. July 14, 1789 a group of peasants stormed the Bastille, a prison and armory Riots broke out across France The French Revolution had officially begun

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