Fort Moultrie• In the first attempted attack on Charleston, the British were not successful.• The cannonballs bounced off the palmetto log fort built on Sullivan’s Island.• This is why the palmetto tree is the state symbol.
Charleston• The British hoped to find a lot of Loyalists in South Carolina that would help them win the war.• The British siege took many days.• The harbor was blockaded and supply lines were cut off.• Patriots were forced to surrender.
• The British burned homes and churches, abused the colonists, stole property, and forced colonists to fight against other Patriots…. Not exactly the best way to make friends!
Francis Marion• He fought in the French and Indian War• He was in the South Carolina Congress• Served at Fort Moultrie• Led partisans in the NE corner of South Carolina• Used guerrilla warfare to fight the enemy• Called “The Swamp Fox” by the British
Thomas Sumter• His house was burned down by the British• Joined the Upcountry Patriots into a partisan militia• Used hit and run tactics against the British in the Upcountry• Destroyed British supplies• Called “the Fighting Gamecock”
Andrew Pickens• His house was robbed and his family threatened by the loyalists• Created Upcountry militia of Patriots• He led the militia at the Battle of Cowpens and fooled the British• Called the “Wizard Owl” by the Native Americans