Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Guiding Learners Through Counseling

664 views

Published on

Guiding Learners Through Counseling

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Guiding Learners Through Counseling

  1. 1. Counseling Approaches  Directive Counseling  Non-Directive Counseling  Eclectic Counseling Stages of Counseling Approaches  Initial Disclosure  In-depth Exploration  Commitment to Action Counseling Techniques By CeLT Common Counselor’s Response
  2. 2. CLINICAL COUNSELING WILLIAMSON INTERVIEW RELATIONSHIP BORDIN  COUNSELOR-CENTERED  PRESCRIPTIVE COUNSELING  FOCAL POINT IS THE PROBLEM  COUNSELOR LEADS THE INTERVIEW, VERY ACTIVE  CLIENT SUBORDINATE TO COUNSELLOR, NOT EQUAL  COUNSELOR OWNS ENTIRE RESPONSIBILITY OF SOLVING THECLIENT’S PROBLEM  STRESSES ON THE CLIENT’S INTELLECTUAL PROCESS,NOT THE EMOTIONAL ASPECT
  3. 3. WOLF & WOLF FOLLOWS AFTER TESTING OF THE STUDENT USES TEST DATA SCHOOL RECORDS REPORTS IN THE INTERVIEW COUNSELOR GIVES CLIENT  INFORMATION ABOUT HIMSELF  HIS OPPORTUNITIES &  THE GENERAL SITUATION
  4. 4. 1. ECONOMICAL IN TERMS OF TIME 2. COUNSELOR CAN SEE THE CLIENT OBJECTIVELY THAN THE CLIENT HIMSELF 3. INTELLECTUAL PROBLEMS CAN BE SOLVED EASILY 1. CLIENT IS DEPENDENT 2. SCARCITY OF INFORMATION REGARDING THE CLIENT CAN CREATE THE POSSIBILITY OF WRONG COUNSELING 3. SOME PROBLEMS (EMOTIONAL PROBLEMS) BEST SOLVED USING NON-DIRECTIVE
  5. 5.  CLIENT-CENTERED  COUNSELEE-CENTERED  PUTS THE RESPONSIBILITY ON THE CLIENT ~FOR EXPLORING HIS PROBLEMS ~HIS POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENT ~HIS ALTERNATIVE CARL ROGERS
  6. 6. • CONCERNED WITH THE EMOTIONS OF THE CLIENT • NOT A GIVER OF ADVICE • NOT A MORALIST • NOT A JUDGE • NOT SYMPATHETIC SENTIMENTALIST • NOT A PATRIARCH WOOLF: VERY EFFECTIVE IN EMOTIONAL PROBLEMS MENTALLY ILL COLLEGE STUDENTS INDUSTRIAL EMPLOYEES
  7. 7. 1. CLIENT COMES FOR HELP 2. COUNSELING SITUATION IS DEFINED 3. COUNSELOR ENCOURAGES FREE EXPRESSION OF FEELINGS 4. COUNSELOR RESPONDS TO THE FEELING UNDERLYING CLIENT’S WORDS 5. FULL EXPRESSION OF NEGATIVE FEELINGS FOLLOWED BY FAINT & TENTATIVE EXPRESSION OF POSITIVE FEELINGS
  8. 8. 6. COUNSELOR ACCEPTS & RECOGNIZES + - FEELINGS 7. PERIOD OF FREE EXPRESSION OR RELEASE FOLLOWED BY INSIGHT 8. CLIENT RECOGNIZES & ACCEPTS EMOTIONALLY/INTELLECTUALLY HIS REAL ATTITUDES/DESIRES  PERCEIVES DECISION 9.CLIENT BEGINS TO TRANSLATE INSIGHT INTO ACTION 10. FURTHER GROWTH TAKES PLACE WITH DEEPER INSIGHT
  9. 9. 11. INCREASINGLY INTEGRATED POSITIVE ACTIONS 12. DECREASED NEED FOR HELP IS FELT  CLIENT WILL DECIDE TO TERMINATE RELATIONSHIP
  10. 10. NON-DIRECTIVE COUNSELING
  11. 11. DIRECTIVE NON-DIRECTIVE BASIC ASSUMPTIONS PROBLEM-BASED CLIENT-BASED INDIVIDUAL CAN’T OVERCOME THEIR OWN BIAS IN VIEWING HIMSELF WITHIN EVERY INDIVIDUAL ARE GROWTH FORCES, WHICH WHEN RELEASED WITHOUT RESTRICTIONS WILL PERMIT HIM TO ADJUST TO HIS ENVIRONMENT EMPHASIS ON INTELLECT EMPHASIS ON EMOTIONAL ASPECT OF PERSONALITY ROLE OF COUNSELOR-COUNSELLEE IN THE COUNSELING PROCESS COUNSELOR HAS SUPERIOR TRAINING/COMPETENT TO SUGGEST OR ADVISE HOW PROBLEMS ARE TO BE SOLVED COUNSELOR INDICATES HE DOES NOT HAVE THE ANSWERS BUT PROVIDES ATMOSPHERE WHERE CLIENT CAN WORK OUT HIS PROBLEMS COUNSELOR MAKES DECISIONS FOR THE CLIENT CLIENT COMES UP WITH HIS OWN DECISION COUNSELOR BELIEVES PEOPLE IN NEED OF COUNSELING DO NOT KNOW ENOUGH TO MAKE THEIR OWN DECISIONS COUNCELOR ACCEPTS, REFLECTS & CLARIFY NEW FEELINGS & CHOICES OF CLIENT LEADING TO FUTURE PLANS
  12. 12. DIRECTIVE NON-DIRECTIVE METHODS USED COLLECTS & USES DATA OF THE CLIENT AND THEN ORGANIZES AND SUMMARIZES IT ON A RECORD FORM EMPHASIZES CLIENT’S EXPRESSION OF EMOTIONS IN THE COUNSELING PROCESS DIAGNOSTIC INSTRUMENTS ARE NOT USED USES CLIENT FOLLOW-UP AS WELL AS REFERRAL TO OTHER PERSONAL WORKERS. NO NEED FOR FURTHER COUNSELING WHICH THEY VIEW AS A “TEMPORARY CRUTCH.”  IF THE CLIENT HAS GAINED THE PROPER INSIGHT, HE WILL BE ABLE TO MAKE HIS OWN DECISIONS, GOALS AND TAKE POSITIVE STEPS. INDIVIDUALS NEED & WANT INFORMATION EMPHASIS ON FREE EXPRESSION OF FEELING OR “PERMISSIVENESS”
  13. 13. F.C. THORNE
  14. 14. F.C. THORNE
  15. 15. F.C THORNE, “PRINCIPLES OF PERSONALITY COUNSELING
  16. 16.  CLIENT AND COUNSELOR DO NOT KNOW EACH OTHER CLIENT IS ANXIOUS ON HOW THE COUNSELOR WILL ACCEPT NEITHER OF THEM KNOWS IN ADVANCE THE DIRECTION WHERE THEIR DISCUSSION WILL ULTIMATELY TAKE WITHOUT DISCLOSURE COUNSELING IS AN EMPTY PROCESS TRUST-PROMOTING CONDITIONS (ROGERS, 1951) 1. EMPATHY – Understanding/ putting yourself in the shoes of the counselee 2. GENUINENESS OR CONGRUENCE – Being as dependable and consistent 3. UNCONDITIONAL POSITIVE REGARD – Caring without conditions attached 4. CONCRETENESS (EGAN,1988) – Using CLEAR LANGUAGE to describe the client’s life situation
  17. 17.  TRUST SHOULD HAVE BEEN DEVELOPED COUNSELOR BEGINS TO SUBTLY TELL HIS DIAGNOSTIC IMPRESSIONS ON THE CLIENT’S DYNAMICS & COPING BEHAVIOR AS RELATIONSHIP BECOMES SECURE  COUNSELOR TALKS ON HIS CLIENT’S GOALS BEHAVIOR  SOMETIMES BECOME MORE EMOTIONALLY STRESSFULL TO THE CLIENT
  18. 18. 1. CONSTRUCTIVE CONFRONTATION > Client’s EXTERNAL BEHAVIOR based on the counselor’s observations is discussed 2. IMMEDIACY (EGAN)  Counselor discusses the PROGRESS of the counseling  Counselor gives an immediate response to the client’s statements  Counselor shares personal experiences relevant to the discussion
  19. 19. TRY SOME NEW BEHAVIOR COUNSELOR + COUNSELEE MONITORS NEW BEHAVIOR CLIENT REINFORCED TO BEHAVE IN NEW WAYS
  20. 20. LISTEN FOR MEANING LISTEN FOR MEANING COUNSELOR SPEAKS LITTLE BUT CONVEYS MUCH INTEREST COUNSELOR SPEAKS LITTLE BUT CONVEYS MUCH INTEREST
  21. 21. TO GET LOTS OF INFORMATION TO GET LOTS OF INFORMATION CLOSED QUESTION: CLOSED QUESTION: can can normally be answered with either a single word or a normally be answered with either a single word or a short phrase short phrase http://www.esdproj.org/site/DocServer/Counseling_Techniques_FINAL_11-12-08.pdf?docID=2282
  22. 22. So let’s say counselor Joan is seeing client Mary. Mary, has been speaking for 20 minutes – she is depressed, failing school, concerned about her boyfriends dedication to her, and overwhelmed by parents’ demands. Here is what a succinct, tentative summary would sound like. 1. You came in today because you are feeling depressed. 2. Your school work is not going well. 3. You worry your boyfriend doesn’t love you. 4. You are also unhappy with the amount of stress your parents are putting on you to get A’s. Would you say this is accurate?
  23. 23. COUNSELEE: A good day for me at work is being able to get around and talk to people, and even when I’m talking to them, I’m not really that relaxed. I feel COUNSELEE: A good day for me at work is being able to get around and talk to people, and even when I’m talking to them, I’m not really that relaxed. I feel inferior around a number of people. inferior around a number of people. COUNSELOR: You feel uncomfortable because of the job situation – your lack COUNSELOR: You feel uncomfortable because of the job situation – your lack of education. of education. COUNSELEE: Yes, my education. My COUNSELEE: Yes, my education. My education is what’s really stopping me from being able to hold a conversation, a good education is what’s really stopping me from being able to hold a conversation, a good conversation and feeling comfortable. conversation and feeling comfortable. COUNSELOR: Ok, now at the same time though, don’t most of the people at the COUNSELOR: Ok, now at the same time though, don’t most of the people at the shop have the same educational shop have the same educational background? background?
  24. 24. COUNSELEE: There’s a wide variety of people there. Different nationalities and different ages, too. It’s really a mixed up thing. Some people I can talk to and other people I can’t. I don’t feel I am able to talk with enough people there. The people that I find things in common with me, I can talk pretty easily. But with the people that I don’t have anything in common with, it’s really uncomfortable. I find it hard to strike up a conversation with them, to say something comfortable. Lots of times I say things but afterwards I say, “Well COUNSELEE: There’s a wide variety of people there. Different nationalities and different ages, too. It’s really a mixed up thing. Some people I can talk to and other people I can’t. I don’t feel I am able to talk with enough people there. The people that I find things in common with me, I can talk pretty easily. But with the people that I don’t have anything in common with, it’s really uncomfortable. I find it hard to strike up a conversation with them, to say something comfortable. Lots of times I say things but afterwards I say, “Well why did I say that? You know, that really seemed stupid.” why did I say that? You know, that really seemed stupid.” embarrassed because you can’t communicate with the people you don’t have something directly in COUNSELEE: Yep, it’s really hard to COUNSELEE: Yep, it’s really hard to communicate with them... communicate with them... COUNSELOR: Ok, you feel COUNSELOR: Ok, you feel embarrassed because you can’t communicate with the people you don’t have something directly in common with. common with.
  25. 25. COUNSELOR: We have five minutes left. If you want to come back next week, we can COUNSELOR: We have five minutes left. If you want to come back next week, we can talk a little bit more about it. talk a little bit more about it. COUNSELEE: OK. Do you think this is going to be something easy, or is it, ah, going to be a long hard thing? COUNSELEE: OK. Do you think this is going to be something easy, or is it, ah, going to be a long hard thing? COUNSELOR: It’s difficult to say, COUNSELOR: It’s difficult to say, you know. you know. COUNSELEE: We have to talk some COUNSELEE: We have to talk some more and everything. more and everything. COUNSELOR: Yes, I want to get to know you a little better. Why don’t we go set up an appointment for COUNSELOR: Yes, I want to get to know you a little better. Why don’t we go set up an appointment for next week, and we can talk further. next week, and we can talk further. CCOOUUNNSSEELLEEEE:: O OKK..

×