Common terms of the lymphatic and immune systems (chapter 7)
HODGKIN’S DISEASEHodgkin’s Disease- is cancer of the lymphatic cells found in concentration in the lymph nodesTwo Types of Hodgkin’s Disease• Non- Hodgkins (most comman)• Hodgkin’s
DIAGNOSIS AND SYMPTOMS OF HODGKIN’SDISEASESymptoms include:• Painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin• Fever and chills• Night sweats• Weight loss• Loss of appetite• Itchy skin
DIAGNOSIS AND SYMPTOMS OF HODGKIN’SDISEASEDiagnosis:• Biopsy of the affected lymph node• Lymph nodes that don’t return to normal size in a few weeks• CT scan• MRI• Lumbar puncture• PET scan
TREATMENTS FOR HODGKINS DISEASEHodgkins can be cured if found and treated early.Treatment includes:• Radiation and Chemotherapy (as with most cancers)• Stem Cell Transplant• Pain Medications are commonly used to treat pain related to the treatment of Hodgkins Disease
WHAT IS SARCOIDOSIS?- Inflammatory disease of the lymph system in which lesions may appear in the liver, skin, lungs lymph nodes, spleen, eyes , and small bones of the hands and feet.
DIAGNOSIS AND SYMPTOMS OF SARCOIDOSISCommon symptoms of vague but can include:• Fatigue not helped by rest• Lack of energy• Weight loss• Blurred vision• Shortness of breath• Skin lesions
DIAGNOSIS AND SYMPTOMS OF SARCOIDOSISHow is Sarcoidosis diagnosis?• Sarcoidosis can be diagnosed through a chest x-ray and through a process of eliminating other illnesses such as cancer, tuberculosis, farmers lung, and fungal infections.
TREATMENT OF SARCOIDOSISFortunately Sarcoidosis is an illness that can come and go with no real concern.Treatment focus- The main goal is to keep the lungs and other affected body organs working and to relieve symptomsTreatment Medications-• Corticosteroids• Vitamin D
WHAT ARE HIVES?Hives are an appearance of wheals as part of an allergic reaction
DIAGNOSIS AND SYMPTOMS OF HIVES• Symptoms include itching swelling red spots on the skin, that appear all over the body• Cause of Hives is due to a release of Histamine from the bodies mast cells• Allergies also cause Hives, others causes of hives are unknown
TREATMENT OF HIVES ARE:• Antihistamines• Tropical Theripies• Camphor,menthol, pramoxine .• Cortisone-containing creams (steroids) are helpful creams in treating hives.