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Fisheries Sales

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The plight of the fisher folk

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Fisheries Sales

  1. 1. The Indian Sea-food Export Industry
  2. 2. The Indian Sea-food Export Industry
  3. 3. Facts about the seafood Industry• Approximately 50 million people worldwide depend on fishing for all or most of their family earnings• 150 million depend on fish processing & the fleet servicing industry• More than 10 million work on 2.5 million small-scale fishing vehicles & account for 50% of the world’s catch• The seafood market has doubled within the last decade reaching US$49.32 billion
  4. 4. Facts about the seafood Industry• Approximately 50 million people worldwide depend on fishing for all or most of their family earnings• 150 million depend on fish processing & the fleet servicing industry• More than 10 million work on 2.5 million small-scale fishing vehicles & account for 50% of the world’s catch• The seafood market has doubled within the last decade reaching US$49.32 billion
  5. 5. Overview of the Indian seafood Industry• Annual fish production of approximately 6 million tons in 2003• India ranks 4th in global fish production & 2nd in aquaculture• India’s share in the world seafood market is 2.4 percent• Dawn of the “Blue Revolution” in 2003
  6. 6. Overview of the Indian seafood Industry• Annual fish production of approximately 6 million tons in 2003• India ranks 4th in global fish production & 2nd in aquaculture• India’s share in the world seafood market is 2.4 percent• Dawn of the “Blue Revolution” in 2003
  7. 7. The growing importance of inland fish production in the total production
  8. 8. The seafood supply chain in India
  9. 9. The seafood supply chain in India Fisherman
  10. 10. The seafood supply chain in India Fisherman Commission Agent
  11. 11. The seafood supply chain in India Fisherman Commission Agent Supplier
  12. 12. The seafood supply chain in India Fisherman Commission Agent Supplier Exporter
  13. 13. The seafood supply chain in India Fisherman Commission Agent Supplier Exporter
  14. 14. Fisherman• Average fishing trip : 4-5 days• Cost per trip = Rs.60,000 - 70,000• Price Taker• Risk-Bearer Product Quantity Total Expenditure Diesel 2,000 litres 42,000 Ice 12 tons 9,000 Food 2,000 Spares 5,000 Net Repairs 5,000 Total 63,000/-per 4-day fishing trip Helpers Receive share of profit
  15. 15. Commission Agent• Link between fisherman & supplier• Deals with less literate & professional suppliers• Primary function - fish grading
  16. 16. Supplier• Link between the commission agent & the exporter• Primary function - Fish Transportation• Often deal with a single type of fish
  17. 17. Exporter• Most sophisticated end of the supply chain• Price-Setter• Primary function - processing
  18. 18. Fishermen
  19. 19. Fishermen Commission Agent
  20. 20. Fishermen Commission Supplier Agent
  21. 21. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent
  22. 22. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: diesel,ice,food,nets,bo at,6-12 helpers
  23. 23. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: diesel,ice,food,nets,bo at,6-12 helpers• Undertake 4-8 days fishing trip
  24. 24. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: diesel,ice,food,nets,bo at,6-12 helpers• Undertake 4-8 days fishing trip• Classify caught fish as per fish category
  25. 25. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: diesel,ice,food,nets,bo at,6-12 helpers• Undertake 4-8 days fishing trip• Classify caught fish as per fish category• Store fish in ice
  26. 26. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: diesel,ice,food,nets,bo at,6-12 helpers• Undertake 4-8 days fishing trip• Classify caught fish as per fish category• Store fish in ice• Unload fish on docks after preliminary wash
  27. 27. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: diesel,ice,food,nets,bo at,6-12 helpers• Undertake 4-8 days fishing trip• Classify caught fish as per fish category• Store fish in ice• Unload fish on docks after preliminary wash• Negotiate with agent & receive money
  28. 28. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from diesel,ice,food,nets,bo boat at,6-12 helpers• Undertake 4-8 days fishing trip• Classify caught fish as per fish category• Store fish in ice• Unload fish on docks after preliminary wash• Negotiate with agent & receive money
  29. 29. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from diesel,ice,food,nets,bo boat at,6-12 helpers • Weigh fish• Undertake 4-8 days fishing trip• Classify caught fish as per fish category• Store fish in ice• Unload fish on docks after preliminary wash• Negotiate with agent & receive money
  30. 30. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from diesel,ice,food,nets,bo boat at,6-12 helpers • Weigh fish• Undertake 4-8 days fishing trip • Grade fish as per defective & non-• Classify caught fish as defective per fish category• Store fish in ice• Unload fish on docks after preliminary wash• Negotiate with agent & receive money
  31. 31. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from diesel,ice,food,nets,bo boat at,6-12 helpers • Weigh fish• Undertake 4-8 days fishing trip • Grade fish as per defective & non-• Classify caught fish as defective per fish category • Negotiate price• Store fish in ice with fishermen & supplier• Unload fish on docks after preliminary wash• Negotiate with agent & receive money
  32. 32. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from • Receive fish from diesel,ice,food,nets,bo agent boat at,6-12 helpers • Weigh fish• Undertake 4-8 days fishing trip • Grade fish as per defective & non-• Classify caught fish as defective per fish category • Negotiate price• Store fish in ice with fishermen & supplier• Unload fish on docks after preliminary wash• Negotiate with agent & receive money
  33. 33. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from • Receive fish from diesel,ice,food,nets,bo agent boat at,6-12 helpers • Weigh fish • Stock fish in crates• Undertake 4-8 days filled with ice fishing trip • Grade fish as per defective & non-• Classify caught fish as defective per fish category • Negotiate price• Store fish in ice with fishermen & supplier• Unload fish on docks after preliminary wash• Negotiate with agent & receive money
  34. 34. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from • Receive fish from diesel,ice,food,nets,bo agent boat at,6-12 helpers • Weigh fish • Stock fish in crates• Undertake 4-8 days filled with ice fishing trip • Grade fish as per defective & non- • Sort fish in four• Classify caught fish as grades as per defective per fish category quality standards of exporter • Negotiate price• Store fish in ice with fishermen & supplier• Unload fish on docks after preliminary wash• Negotiate with agent & receive money
  35. 35. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from • Receive fish from diesel,ice,food,nets,bo agent boat at,6-12 helpers • Weigh fish • Stock fish in crates• Undertake 4-8 days filled with ice fishing trip • Grade fish as per defective & non- • Sort fish in four• Classify caught fish as grades as per defective per fish category quality standards of exporter • Negotiate price• Store fish in ice with fishermen & supplier • Transfer fish to• Unload fish on docks pre-processing unit after preliminary wash• Negotiate with agent & receive money
  36. 36. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from • Receive fish from diesel,ice,food,nets,bo agent boat at,6-12 helpers • Weigh fish • Stock fish in crates• Undertake 4-8 days filled with ice fishing trip • Grade fish as per defective & non- • Sort fish in four• Classify caught fish as grades as per defective per fish category quality standards of exporter • Negotiate price• Store fish in ice with fishermen & supplier • Transfer fish to• Unload fish on docks pre-processing unit after preliminary wash • Clean fish• Negotiate with agent & receive money
  37. 37. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from • Receive fish from diesel,ice,food,nets,bo agent boat at,6-12 helpers • Weigh fish • Stock fish in crates• Undertake 4-8 days filled with ice fishing trip • Grade fish as per defective & non- • Sort fish in four• Classify caught fish as grades as per defective per fish category quality standards of exporter • Negotiate price• Store fish in ice with fishermen & supplier • Transfer fish to• Unload fish on docks pre-processing unit after preliminary wash • Clean fish• Negotiate with agent & receive money • Negotiate price with exporter & agent
  38. 38. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from • Receive fish from • Receive fish as raw diesel,ice,food,nets,bo agent material boat at,6-12 helpers • Weigh fish • Stock fish in crates• Undertake 4-8 days filled with ice fishing trip • Grade fish as per defective & non- • Sort fish in four• Classify caught fish as grades as per defective per fish category quality standards of exporter • Negotiate price• Store fish in ice with fishermen & supplier • Transfer fish to• Unload fish on docks pre-processing unit after preliminary wash • Clean fish• Negotiate with agent & receive money • Negotiate price with exporter & agent
  39. 39. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from • Receive fish from • Receive fish as raw diesel,ice,food,nets,bo agent material boat at,6-12 helpers • Weigh fish • Stock fish in crates • Wash with potable• Undertake 4-8 days filled with ice water fishing trip • Grade fish as per defective & non- • Sort fish in four• Classify caught fish as grades as per defective per fish category quality standards of exporter • Negotiate price• Store fish in ice with fishermen & supplier • Transfer fish to• Unload fish on docks pre-processing unit after preliminary wash • Clean fish• Negotiate with agent & receive money • Negotiate price with exporter & agent
  40. 40. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from • Receive fish from • Receive fish as raw diesel,ice,food,nets,bo agent material boat at,6-12 helpers • Weigh fish • Stock fish in crates • Wash with potable• Undertake 4-8 days filled with ice water fishing trip • Grade fish as per defective & non- • Sort fish in four • Process using• Classify caught fish as grades as per Hazard Analysis and defective per fish category quality standards of Critical Control exporter Point (HACCP)4 • Negotiate price• Store fish in ice with fishermen & procedures supplier • Transfer fish to• Unload fish on docks pre-processing unit after preliminary wash • Clean fish• Negotiate with agent & receive money • Negotiate price with exporter & agent
  41. 41. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from • Receive fish from • Receive fish as raw diesel,ice,food,nets,bo agent material boat at,6-12 helpers • Weigh fish • Stock fish in crates • Wash with potable• Undertake 4-8 days filled with ice water fishing trip • Grade fish as per defective & non- • Sort fish in four • Process using• Classify caught fish as grades as per Hazard Analysis and defective per fish category quality standards of Critical Control exporter Point (HACCP)4 • Negotiate price• Store fish in ice with fishermen & procedures supplier • Transfer fish to• Unload fish on docks pre-processing unit • Pack processed fish after preliminary wash • Clean fish• Negotiate with agent & receive money • Negotiate price with exporter & agent
  42. 42. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from • Receive fish from • Receive fish as raw diesel,ice,food,nets,bo agent material boat at,6-12 helpers • Weigh fish • Stock fish in crates • Wash with potable• Undertake 4-8 days filled with ice water fishing trip • Grade fish as per defective & non- • Sort fish in four • Process using• Classify caught fish as grades as per Hazard Analysis and defective per fish category quality standards of Critical Control exporter Point (HACCP)4 • Negotiate price• Store fish in ice with fishermen & procedures supplier • Transfer fish to• Unload fish on docks pre-processing unit • Pack processed fish after preliminary wash • Clean fish • Perform export• Negotiate with agent procedures & & receive money • Negotiate price dispatch with exporter & agent
  43. 43. Fishermen Commission Supplier Exporter Agent• Input procurement: • Receive fish from • Receive fish from • Receive fish as raw diesel,ice,food,nets,bo agent material boat at,6-12 helpers • Weigh fish • Stock fish in crates • Wash with potable• Undertake 4-8 days filled with ice water fishing trip • Grade fish as per defective & non- • Sort fish in four • Process using• Classify caught fish as grades as per Hazard Analysis and defective per fish category quality standards of Critical Control exporter Point (HACCP)4 • Negotiate price• Store fish in ice with fishermen & procedures supplier • Transfer fish to• Unload fish on docks pre-processing unit • Pack processed fish after preliminary wash • Clean fish • Perform export• Negotiate with agent procedures & & receive money • Negotiate price dispatch with exporter & agent • Negotiate price with importer & with supplier
  44. 44. Income
  45. 45. Expenditure Product Quantity Total Expenditure Diesel 2,000 litres 42,000 Ice 12 tons 9,000 Food 2,000 Spares 5,000Net Repairs 5,000 Total 63,000/-per 4-day fishing trip Helpers Receive share of profit
  46. 46. Distribution of Income Commission Fisherman Supplier Exporter AgentSelling price tonext person / 10 10.5 14-15 25-30unit (rupees)Average shareof final export 25-35 1.5-4 20 40-50 price (%)
  47. 47. Thank You Celia D’Souza Roll No. 05 TSM
  48. 48. Thank You Celia D’Souza Roll No. 05 TSM

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