Equitable Development: Untangling the Web of Urban Development Through Collaborative Problem Solving


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Presentation reveals approaches for meeting the needs of underserved communities and vulnerable populations while fostering places that are healthy and vibrant.

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Equitable Development: Untangling the Web of Urban Development Through Collaborative Problem Solving

  1. 1. Equitable Development: Untangling the Web of Urban Development Through Collaborative Problem Solving Carlton C. Eley U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  2. 2. Topics to be Addressed <ul><li>Historic Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>What is Equitable Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy, Principles, and Practice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Equitable Development is ‘Smart’ - - Rebuilding America’s Neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Historic Perspective (1840 – 1920) <ul><li>Effective physical planning requires understanding social diversity and responding to social change. </li></ul><ul><li>City development in the U.S. grew out of several professions: design, engineering, and social reform. </li></ul><ul><li>The profession of social work also left an imprint on the budding profession of city planning. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Timeline: Parallel Initiatives <ul><li>Advocacy Planning (1965) </li></ul><ul><li>Equity Planning Practice (1969 – 1979) </li></ul><ul><li>Tenant of Social Planning Incorporated into AICP Code of Ethics (1981) </li></ul><ul><li>Equity Development (1983 – 1987) </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Growth (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Equitable Development (2000) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Defining Equitable Development Smart Growth Needs of underserved communities Equitable Development Smart Growth Needs of underserved communites
  6. 6. Defining Equitable Development <ul><li>Equitable development is an approach to meet the needs of underserved communities and individuals through projects, programs, and/or policies that reduce disparities while fostering places that are healthy, vibrant, and diverse. (2006 Smart Growth Awards Application) </li></ul>Equitable Development Smart Growth Needs of underserved communites
  7. 7. Comparing Approaches <ul><li>Smart Growth Principles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mix land uses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take advantage of compact building design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a range of housing opportunities and choices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create walkable neighborhoods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foster distinctive, attractive communities with a strong sense of place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preserve open space, farmland, natural beauty, and critical environmental areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen and direct development towards existing communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide a variety of transportation choices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make development decisions predictable, fair, and cost effective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage community and stakeholder collaboration in development decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: Smart Growth Network </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Equitable Development Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Housing choice </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation choice </li></ul><ul><li>Personal responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy communities </li></ul><ul><li>Heritage preservation </li></ul><ul><li>Stewardship (environmental) </li></ul><ul><li>Entrepreneurship </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable wealth creation </li></ul><ul><li>Civic engagement </li></ul><ul><li>From Good to Great Through Planning/Design, Standard of Excellence </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Carlton Eley, U.S. EPA </li></ul>
  8. 8. Heritage Preservation - 18 th and Vine Jazz District in Kansas City, MO
  9. 9. Healthy Communities - The City Project in Los Angeles, CA
  10. 10. Capacity Building - PBCD Technical Assistance Project in Gary, IN
  11. 11. Equitable Development is ‘Smart’ (EPA Examples) <ul><li>Bethel Center (Chicago, IL) </li></ul><ul><li>ReGenesis Project (Spartanburg, SC) </li></ul><ul><li>Fall Creek Place (Indianapolis, IN) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Rebuilding America’s Neighborhoods: Bethel Center
  13. 13. Rebuilding America’s Neighborhoods: ReGenesis
  14. 14. Fall Creek Place 1956 Fall Creek Place 1999 Fall Creek Place - - Before and After Urban Renewal
  15. 15. Rebuilding America’s Neighborhoods: Fall Creek Place
  16. 16. Julia Carson (1938 – 2007) U.S. House of Representatives Indiana’s 7 th Congressional District
  17. 17. What Equitable Development “Is” and “Is Not” Holistic approach for neighborhood revitalization Not an affordable housing strategy Reinvestment, redevelopment, and broad community participation are encouraged Not anti-gentrification approach Well-planned growth that improves quality-of-life Not an initiative to maintain the status quo Livable, healthy and distinctive communities Not inconsistent with smart growth
  18. 18. For More Information… <ul><li>PBCD Technical Assistance Report for Gary, IN ( June 29, 2009 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision for Broadway </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Equitable Development: Untangling the Web Through Collaborative Problem Solving (2008) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://law.gsu.edu/metrogrowth/index/home </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EPA Smart Growth Awards (2006, 2007, & 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>EPA’s Environmental Justice Collaborative Problem-Solving Model (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Justice, Urban Revitalization, and Brownfields: The Search for Authentic Signs of Hope (1996) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Conclusions <ul><li>“ So, let us not be blind to our differences--but let us also direct attention to our </li></ul><ul><li>common interests and to the means by which those differences can be resolved. </li></ul><ul><li>And if we cannot end now our differences, at least we can help make the world </li></ul><ul><li>safe for diversity. For, in the final analysis, our most basic common link is that </li></ul><ul><li>we all inhabit this small planet. We all breathe the same air. We all cherish our </li></ul><ul><li>children's future. And we are all mortal.” </li></ul><ul><li>President John F. Kennedy, June 1963 </li></ul><ul><li>Equitable development isn’t a peripheral issue. </li></ul><ul><li>We can incorporate equitable development into our work. </li></ul><ul><li>We need to build new partnerships, beyond mainstream audiences. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>EPA Headquarters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carlton Eley – 202-566-2841 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Websites </li></ul><ul><li>www.epa.gov </li></ul><ul><li>www.planningandtheblackcommunity.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.noma.net </li></ul><ul><li>www.policylink.org </li></ul>Equitable Development: Untangling the Web of Urban Development through Collaborative Problem Solving Issue 21 of Sustain Magazine