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LOrient ancien ( III° millénaire av. J-C)
Orient = est                                   En taidant de la page 13 de                                   ton livre, ré...
L’Orient ancien est composé de deux grandes régions :la Mésopotamie et l’Egypte.Au IIIe millénaire avant JC (3000 av. J-C ...
MerMéditerranée                        Golfe                       Persique                Mer               Rouge
Le                       L                         Eu                                    Ti                           ph  ...
Le                       L                          E   up                                          Ti                    ...
Le                       L                          E   up                                          Ti                    ...
Le                       L                          E   up                                          Ti                    ...
Le                       L                          E   up                                          Ti                    ...
Le                          L                             E   up                                             Ti           ...
I. Comment s’organisent les premières sociétésde l’Orient ancien au III° millénaire av JC ?Lexemple de la ville dUr
La ville dUr aujourdhui
Objets en or, en électrumet parés de pierresprécieuses retrouvés à Ur
La MésopotamieUne ville dans laquelle habite celui qui commande le pays                         Entre 2111 et 2003 av. J-C
prient      Le temple de Nanna           Ziggourat ou zigguratNanna et Enki                       dieux
La ziggourat d’Ur aujourd’hui
commande              Le palais du roiroi   ville                      campagne
Les activités humaines qui permettent de senrichirLe port au bord du Tigre   Le trésor du roi   Les objets en or retrouvés...
Ur est une ville de Mésopotamie. Elle domine la régionà la fin du III° millénaire av. J-C.- Ur était un centre religieux c...
Ur est une cité-Etat, c’est-à-dire un territoire dirigépar un roi qui se compose d’une ville et de lacampagne autour.
II. Pourquoi a-t-on inventé l’écriture?
Remplis le tableau en utilisant les documents indiqués                                      3000     Faire l’inventaire   ...
L’écriture cunéiforme
Les hiéroglyphes
Le papyrus
21        3    4
Lécriture cunéiforme : lécriture de lOrient anciencomposée de signes en forme de coins.Les hiéroglyphes ( du grec, hieros ...
A quoi sert lécriture ?Lécriture est utilisée pour faire du commerce ou pourfaire des inventaires qui permettent de compte...
Des scribes égyptiens
Dautres exemples de système décriture à travers le monde
L'Orient ancien
L'Orient ancien
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L'Orient ancien

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L'Orient ancien

  1. 1. LOrient ancien ( III° millénaire av. J-C)
  2. 2. Orient = est En taidant de la page 13 de ton livre, réponds aux questions 1. Quelles sont les deux grandes régions de lOrient ancien ? La Mésopotamie, lEgypte 2. Entre quelles dates le III° millénaire se déroule-t-il ? Entre 3000 et 2000 av. J-CPourquoi étudier lOrient ancien au III° millénaire av. J-C ?
  3. 3. L’Orient ancien est composé de deux grandes régions :la Mésopotamie et l’Egypte.Au IIIe millénaire avant JC (3000 av. J-C – 2000 av.J-C) , c’est là que naissent les premières sociétés.
  4. 4. MerMéditerranée Golfe Persique Mer Rouge
  5. 5. Le L Eu Ti ph gr ra Mer te eMéditerranée Golfe Persique Mer Le N Rouge il
  6. 6. Le L E up Ti h gr ra Mer te eMéditerranée Golfe Persique Mer Le N Rouge il
  7. 7. Le L E up Ti h gr ra Mer te eMéditerranée MESOPOTAMIE Ur Memphis Golfe EGYPTE Persique Mer Le N Rouge il
  8. 8. Le L E up Ti h gr ra Mer te eMéditerranée MESOPOTAMIE Ur Memphis Golfe EGYPTE Persique Mer Le N Rouge il
  9. 9. Le L E up Ti h gr ra Mer te eMéditerranée MESOPOTAMIE Ur Memphis Golfe EGYPTE Persique Mer Le N Rouge il
  10. 10. Le L E up Ti h gr ra Mer te eMéditerranée MESOPOTAMIE Ur Memphis Golfe EGYPTE Persique Mer Le N Rouge il Capitales Régions cultivées Désert Frontières
  11. 11. I. Comment s’organisent les premières sociétésde l’Orient ancien au III° millénaire av JC ?Lexemple de la ville dUr
  12. 12. La ville dUr aujourdhui
  13. 13. Objets en or, en électrumet parés de pierresprécieuses retrouvés à Ur
  14. 14. La MésopotamieUne ville dans laquelle habite celui qui commande le pays Entre 2111 et 2003 av. J-C
  15. 15. prient Le temple de Nanna Ziggourat ou zigguratNanna et Enki dieux
  16. 16. La ziggourat d’Ur aujourd’hui
  17. 17. commande Le palais du roiroi ville campagne
  18. 18. Les activités humaines qui permettent de senrichirLe port au bord du Tigre Le trésor du roi Les objets en or retrouvés dans les vestiges de la ville
  19. 19. Ur est une ville de Mésopotamie. Elle domine la régionà la fin du III° millénaire av. J-C.- Ur était un centre religieux car de nombreusespersonnes venaient y prier. On le voit parce quil y a ungrand temple appelé ziggourat.- Ur était un centre de commandement parce que le roiy gouvernait la ville et la campagne autour. On le voitgrâce au palais du roi.- Ur avait un rôle économique parce que les habitantsfaisaient du commerce. On le voit parce quon aretrouvé des objets en or.
  20. 20. Ur est une cité-Etat, c’est-à-dire un territoire dirigépar un roi qui se compose d’une ville et de lacampagne autour.
  21. 21. II. Pourquoi a-t-on inventé l’écriture?
  22. 22. Remplis le tableau en utilisant les documents indiqués 3000 Faire l’inventaire Écriture argile av.J-C des richesses cunéiforme Hiéroglyphes pierre 3000 Pour prier papyrus av.J-C
  23. 23. L’écriture cunéiforme
  24. 24. Les hiéroglyphes
  25. 25. Le papyrus
  26. 26. 21 3 4
  27. 27. Lécriture cunéiforme : lécriture de lOrient anciencomposée de signes en forme de coins.Les hiéroglyphes ( du grec, hieros : sacré et glyphein :écrire ) : des petits dessins utilisés comme des signesdécriture par les Égyptiens de lAntiquité.
  28. 28. A quoi sert lécriture ?Lécriture est utilisée pour faire du commerce ou pourfaire des inventaires qui permettent de compter lesrichesses.Lécriture sert également à prier comme leshiéroglyphes.Lécriture permet également de garder une trace dupassé : la naissance des premières écritures correspondau début de lHistoire et à la fin de la préhistoire.Comme tout le monde ne sait pas lire, on fait appel à .des hommes qui sont des spécialistes de lécriture : lesscribes.
  29. 29. Des scribes égyptiens
  30. 30. Dautres exemples de système décriture à travers le monde

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