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Jornada Energy Trends-ciudades inteligentes-Zabala


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Jornada “Energy Trends” (CEIN, 25 de noviembre de 2015). WORKSHOP. Renovables y ciudad. Francisco Javier Fernández (Kunak), Javier Urricelqui (Up Technologies), Daniel Ruiz (Txita Txirrindak), David Astráin (Instituto Samart Cities, UPNA), Florencio Manteca (CENER). Modera: Juan Cristóbal García ( Zabala Innovation Consulting).

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Jornada Energy Trends-ciudades inteligentes-Zabala

  1. 1. @CEINnavarra | #EnergyTrends WORKSHOP Renovables y Ciudad @JuanCrisGarcia @Zabala_IC #SmartCities CEIN, 25 de noviembre de 2015
  2. 2. Panel Smart Cities KUNAK: Francisco Javier Fernández UP TECHNOLOGIES: Javier Urricelqui TXITA TXIRRINDAK: Daniel Ruiz INSTITUTO SMART CITIES: David Astráin CENER: Florencio Manteca #EnergyTrends 2
  3. 3. ~70% de la energía consumida en la UE ~75% de las emisiones de GEI de la UE ~70% de la población de la UE ¿Por qué centrarse en ciudades? Necesidad 3
  4. 4. más de 3.500 millones de personas en el mundo viven en ciudades y se espera que en 30 o 40 años esta cifra prácticamente se duplique y llegue hasta los 6.000 millones ONU-HABITAT De Europa al Resto del Mundo Tendencia 4
  5. 5. 72% de población de la UE en 2014, 359 millones de habitantes en ciudades • 7% en ciudades de > 5M habitantes • 23 ciudades de > 1M habitantes • 345 ciudades de más de 100.000 habitantes ~ 80% de población de la UE en 2050 59% en áreas metropolitanas, generan 67% del PIB Población y economía Necesidad 5
  6. 6. ~70% de energía consumida en UE es en ciudades ~53% de energía UE importada – 400.000 MEUR/año (el mayor importador de energía) 6 Estados dependen de proveedor único de gas 1% ahorro energético reduce 2,6% importaciones de gas 75% del parque de viviendas es ineficiente 10% de población UE no puede pagar factura energética Energía: la batalla se juega en las ciudades Necesidad 6
  7. 7. La movilidad urbana 94% del transporte de la UE basado en petróleo, el 90% del cuál es importado Congestión en muchas áreas urbanas 23% de CO2 emitido por movilidad urbana Problemas de salud por calidad aire (NOx, PM) 40% de accidentes son en áreas urbanas Necesidad 7
  9. 9. Documentos Clave – Políticas – Estrategias Contexto ● Políticas de Medio Ambiente y Energía  Energy Union  Objetivos 2030 (40-27-27) aprobados  2050 Roadmap for moving to a low-carbon economy  New SET-PLAN ● Políticas de Movilidad  Action Plan on Urban Mobility (implemented)  Transport White Paper (pending)  Urban Mobility Package  STRIA (Work in Progress) ● Políticas Urbanas  EU Urban Agenda  EIP-SCC Strategic Implementation Plan ● Políticas de ICT  Digital Agenda for Europe 9
  10. 10. Digital Agenda for Europe – Smart Cities ICT ● Future Internet:  Urban Platforms + Internet of Things ● Cibersecurity and Privacy ● Access and Connectivity ● Public services ● Resilience ● Interoperability and standards ● ITS 10
  11. 11. Urban Mobility Package Transporte ● Políticas de Movilidad  Exchange of experience and best practice  Help for cities to develop SUMPs – Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans  Coordinated action in urban logistics  Coordinated action in urban access regulations - Increasing the number of urban access regulations (green/environmental zones)  Coordinated action in urban ITS (interoperability; integration; no gaps) – Review legislation on access to traffic and travel data – Prepare specifications on Real-Time Traffic Information and Multimodal Information Services (foreseen by ITS Directive) – Facilitate the deployment of vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to- infrastructure communication systems in urban areas  Coordinated action in road safety (11,000 fatalities on urban roads: often vulnerable users (cyclist and pedestrians). Many more injured) 11
  12. 12. Energy Union y Objetivos 2030 Energía ● Objetivos 40-27-27  Necesidad de limitar calentamiento en <2ºC  Eficiencia energética mejorada > 27% en 2030  40% de reducción de GEI en 2030  27% de energía renovable en 2030 ● Retos  Reducir factura energética  Dar más poder al consumidor  Liderazgo en renovables  Seguridad en el suministro 12 En detalle:  Energy Efficiency Directive (EED).  Energy Performance Building directive (EPBD).  Cogeneration Directive  Promotion of the use of Energy from Renewable Sources  Strategic Energy Tecnologies Plan (SET- Plan)
  13. 13. ¿Qué dice ENERGY UNION para las Smart Cities? CONSUMIDORES • Many household consumers have too little choice of energy suppliers and too little control over their energy costs. • An unacceptably high percentage of European households cannot afford to pay their energy bills. => VISION: Citizens take ownership of the energy transition, benefit from new technologies to reduce their bills, participate actively in the market, and where vulnerable consumers are protected => Smart technologies will help consumers and energy service companies working for them to reap the opportunities available on the energy market by taking control of their energy consumption (and possible self-production). This will deliver more flexibility in the market and potentially reduce consumer bills. The Commission will continue to push for standardisation and to support the national roll-out of smart meters and to promote the further development of smart appliances and smart grids, so that flexible energy use is rewarded. It will develop synergies between the Energy Union and the Digital Single Market agenda and take measures to ensure privacy protection and cyber-security. Energy Union 13 Know energy consumption, self-production, smart meters, smart appliances, smart grids,
  14. 14. ¿Qué dice ENERGY UNION para las Smart Cities? USE OF LOCAL SOURCES We are still leaders in innovation and renewable energy, but other parts of the world are fast catching up and we have already lost ground when it comes to some clean, low carbon technologies. => VISION: Our vision is of strong, innovative and competitive European companies that develop the industrial products and technology needed to deliver energy efficiency and low carbon technologies inside and outside Europe Energy Union 14 Know energy consumption, self-production, smart meters, smart appliances, smart grids, renewables,
  15. 15. ¿Qué dice ENERGY UNION para las Smart Cities? ENERGY EFFICIENCY Energy efficiency as a contribution to the moderation of energy demand: The European Council set in October 2014 an indicative target at the EU level of at least 27% for improving energy efficiency in 2030. This will be reviewed by 2020, having in mind an EU level of 30%. It is in this context necessary to fundamentally rethink energy efficiency and treat it as an energy source in its own right, representing the value of energy saved. As part of the market design review, the Commission will ensure that energy efficiency and demand side response can compete on equal terms with generation capacity. Energy Union 15 Know energy consumption, self-production, smart meters, smart appliances, smart grids, renewables, demand side response
  16. 16. Know energy consumption, self-production, smart meters, smart appliances, smart grids, renewables, demand side response, district heating/cooling, financing buildings refurbishment!!, technical support, Junckers plan, ¿Qué dice ENERGY UNION para las Smart Cities? Increasing energy efficiency in the buildings sector Heating and cooling is the largest single source of energy demand in Europe and the majority of Europe’s gas imports are used for these purposes. Huge efficiency gains remain to be captured with regard to district heating and cooling. Attracting investments at the scale needed remains a challenge, especially at the local level, mainly due to lack of awareness and expertise in small-scale financing. The Commission will support ways to simplify access to existing financing and offer ‘off-the-shelf’ financing templates for financial instruments to the European Structural and Investment Funds managing authorities and interested stakeholders, promote new financing schemes based on risk and revenue sharing, develop new financing techniques and support in terms of technical assistance. Financial support needs to be combined with technical support to help aggregate smallscale projects into larger programmes which can drive down transaction costs and attract the private sector at scale. EU funds and EIB financing can make a huge difference. The European Fund for Strategic Investments provides an opportunity to leverage major investments in renovating buildings. Investments in this area can provide great returns in terms of growth and jobs. Energy Union 16
  17. 17. ¿Qué dice ENERGY UNION para las Smart Cities? Towards an energy-efficient, decarbonised transport sector Measures to increase fuel efficiency and reduce CO2 emissions for heavy duty vehicles and buses. Better traffic management should also be promoted as a modern, forward-looking tool to cut CO2 emissions. The Commission will promote the use of road charging schemes based on the polluter-pays and user- pays principles. The Commission will also take further actions to decarbonise the transport sector, which is still essentially running on oil products. This will require a gradual transformation of the entire transport system as well as an increased development and deployment of alternative fuels. The Commission will take further action to promote the swift deployment of the necessary infrastructure, i.e. refuelling and recharging stations. Electrification of transport is important to break oil dependency and to decarbonize transport, especially for road (short and medium distance) and rail transport. Europe needs to speed up electrification of its car fleet and other means of transport and become a leader in electro-mobility and energy storage technologies. This requires a full integration of electric vehicles in urban mobility policies and in the electricity grid, both as energy consumers and potential storage facilities. Energy Union 17 Know energy consumption, self-production, smart meters, smart appliances, smart grids, renewables, demand side response, district heating/cooling, financing buildings refurbishment!!, technical support, Junckers plan, buses, traffic management, decarbonise transport, charging infrastructure
  18. 18. Para emprendedores (y más) Financiación 18 5G Internet of Things Energy Efficient Buildings ITS Urban MobilityAutomated Road Transport Smart Cities & Communities Energy Efficiency Low Carbon Energy FI Big Data SME instrument Fast Track to Innovation
  19. 19. Panel Smart Cities KUNAK: Francisco Javier Fernández UP TECHNOLOGIES: Javier Urricelqui TXITA TXIRRINDAK: Daniel Ruiz INSTITUTO SMART CITIES: David Astráin CENER: Florencio Manteca #EnergyTrends 19
  20. 20. · Pamplona (Sede Central) Paseo Santxiki, 3 bis E-31192 Mutilva (Navarra) T. (+34) 948 198000 Bruselas Rue Belliard, 20 - 4 ème B-1040 Bruselas · Bélgica T. (+32) 2 5138122 Madrid C/ Zurbano 45, 3ª planta E-28010 Madrid T. (+34) 91 4467652 Barcelona Inbisa · Pza Europa, 9-11· 15ª planta. E-08908 Hospitalet de Llobregat Barcelona T. (+34) 93 2725734 Sevilla Centro de Negocios Galia Puerto, oficina 9. Ctra. de la Esclusa s/n E-41011 Sevilla T. (+34) 955 658281 Valencia Sorolla Center Avda. Cortes Valencianas, 58-5ª planta E-46015 Valencia T. (+34) 96 0454135 Vigo Centro de Negocios Ágora Magna, Trav. C/ Coruña, nº4 Bajo. E-36208 Vigo (Pontevedra) T. (+34) 986247642 Londres Londres · UK T. +44 (0)7542 354283
  21. 21. Anexo - Medidas Energy Union 21 Mercado minorista – 2015-16 Nuevo marco para los consumidores de energía: • empoderamiento de los consumidores, despliegue de la respuesta de la demanda; • utilización de tecnología inteligente; • vinculación de los mercados mayorista y minorista; • eliminación gradual de los precios regulados; • medidas de apoyo para proteger a los consumidores vulnerables Energías renovables – 2015-17 Paquete de energía renovable: • nueva Directiva sobre energías renovables para 2030 • mejores prácticas en el autoconsumo de energía renovable y regímenes de apoyo • política de sostenibilidad de la bioenergía
  22. 22. Energy Union 22 Medidas en el ámbito del transporte - 2016 - Plan Maestro para el despliegue de sistemas de transporte inteligentes cooperativos 2016-17 - Revisión de los Reglamentos que establecen normas de comportamiento en materia de emisiones de los turismos y furgonetas 2017 - Revisión de la Directiva relativa a la promoción de vehículos de transporte por carretera limpios y energéticamente eficientes 2017 - Comunicación sobre la descarbonación del transporte, con inclusión de un plan de acción sobre biocombustibles de segunda y tercera generación y otros combustibles sostenibles alternativos Anexo - Medidas
  23. 23. Energy Union 23 Eficiencia energética 2016 - Revisión de la Directiva relativa a la eficiencia energética 2016 - Revisión de la Directiva sobre la eficiencia energética de los edificios, con inclusión de una iniciativa sobre financiación inteligente de edificios inteligentes 2015 - Revisión del marco regulador de la eficiencia energética de los productos (Directiva relativa al etiquetado energético y Directivas de diseño ecológico) 2015 - Refuerzo del uso selectivo de los instrumentos financieros en apoyo de las inversiones en eficiencia energética Anexo - Medidas
  24. 24. Energy Union 24 Calefacción y refrigeración 2015 - Estrategia de la UE en materia de calefacción y refrigeración; contribución de la calefacción y la refrigeración a la consecución de los objetivos energéticos y climáticos de la UE Anexo - Medidas