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What's in a Room?
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Can we use BIM to help us design? Information is not only a construction or post construction benefit. The use of information at the early design stages and throughout design can help us to design by checking and testing our design assumptions and options

Can we use BIM to help us design? Information is not only a construction or post construction benefit. The use of information at the early design stages and throughout design can help us to design by checking and testing our design assumptions and options


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  1. 1. InforMeDesign Ceilidh Higgins Interior Designer | BIM Specialist | Blogger | GreenStar Professional | Looking for opportunities
  2. 2. BIM = building information model
  3. 3. information?
  4. 4. parametrics?
  5. 5. clash detection?
  6. 6. product data?
  7. 7. cost data?
  8. 8. facilities data?
  9. 9. what else?
  10. 10. design stage information?
  11. 11. tools
  12. 12. Revit – schedules, graphic filters, room colour schemes, annotations Microsoft Excel for spreadsheets – intermediate level of use RTV Shared Parameter Manager to manage project parameters – just $135 USD Ideate BIMLink for bi-directional link between excel and revit - $850 approx
  13. 13. the brief
  14. 14. data comparisons actual area as modelledproposed area – this is not a physical component of the model, but a parameter of the room, could be imported via BIMlink calculation of difference between briefed and actual
  15. 15. visual highlight same schedule The rooms where the area difference is greater than 3m are highlighted using conditional formatting
  16. 16. excel file room data sheet revit model room data bi directional link more complex data
  17. 17. revit model objectsrevit model data compare compare data to actual
  18. 18. proposed number of double power outlets (data only) actual count of double power outlets in the model calculation of difference between proposed and actual highlight differences
  19. 19. space planning
  20. 20. equipment planning
  21. 21. equipment families It’s the data rather than the geometry of the family that’s important
  22. 22. incorporate client supplied briefing data in the model to assist design process excel spreadsheet
  23. 23. type catalogue each cell is a parameter (exported via BIMlink)
  24. 24. keynotes and graphic filters colour graphic filters indicate room equipment is to be placed into each piece of equipment is identified by numeric keynote schedule of department names combined with colour blocks legend created manually line of magnetic exclusion zone built into family using yes/no parameter to switch on
  25. 25. graphic filters graphic filters based on text parameter FS - floor standing (red) BT – bench top (green) UB – underbench (red outline) equipment not yet placed into room
  26. 26. Yes/no parameters for existing fume cupboards, sinks and each gas assigned to rooms room colour scheme
  27. 27. graphic filter illustrates equipment requiring reticulated compressed air parameters used to define room occupant and if room has compressed air graphic filters & room colours
  28. 28. graphic filters for rooms no colour scheme for rooms filters based on 2 parameters but no colour is applied
  29. 29. a neat trick apply occupant colour scheme
  30. 30. codes and standards
  31. 31. visual check illustration of AS1428 clearance zones various types may be within or separate to door family
  32. 32. dumb lines 2d lines show clearances - accuracy dependant upon view settings and user checking
  33. 33. 3d objects 3d objects built into family and linked to door height Filter to change colour & transparency of any objects with circulation in family name
  34. 34. interference check 3d objects allow for running interference check walls and generic models
  35. 35. view non compliances non compliant doors all identified, reported and easily found
  36. 36. green building data
  37. 37. Calculate number of worksettings Within 8m of views calculations and graphic filters
  38. 38. Instance Properties Yes/No Parameter Is manually selected for chairs within the colour fill area Type Properties Number Parameter 1 for task chairs 0.5 for meeting chairs
  39. 39. •schedule based on furniture category filtered by keynote •total count of chairs •total count of worksettings •count of worksettings within 8m of glazing calculations
  40. 40. colour fill filter indicates Yes/No instance parameter equals No visual checking
  41. 41. analysis
  42. 42. storage unit families Calculate storage quantity for each department and number of removalist cartons
  43. 43. simple geometry type parameter storage capacity calculated based upon height & length instance parameter department name information based family
  44. 44. calculate totals schedule sort by department parameter calculate storage qty totals
  45. 45. schedule and graphic filter total storage per department graphic filter illustrates storage and workstations belonging to each department legend created manually
  46. 46. where are you going?
  47. 47. planning seating track allocation of seating •ensure every individual has a seat •track individuals data such as extension number and computer asset code •create plans showing seating layouts and locations of teams
  48. 48. workstation occupancy data occupant data is attached to workstation family colour filter by department set for workstation family
  49. 49. individual occupancy data occupant data is attached to a person family, colour filter applied to a solid generic model Individuals without seats yet allocated
  50. 50. combination model Ability to schedule desk number data is attached to person
  51. 51. it can be simple
  52. 52. use a room colour scheme ‘smart’ legend instead of dumb colour fills
  53. 53. use a schedule ‘dumb’ graphic legend, but ‘smart’ schedule
  54. 54. even in 2d use detail components and keynotes – aim to get rid of lines, colour fills and text objects
  55. 55. data as design
  56. 56. creating formula based patterns curtain wall with panel & film pattern based on a random formula
  57. 57. only this section will have graphics curtain wall with grids setup using array tool setup a grid create shared parameters (integer type) for X & Y value
  58. 58. create a new panel family remember a curtain panel family does not have a height and width parameter! I created 2 material parameters in the family too – one for the film circle, one for the glazing
  59. 59. create a control parameter
  60. 60. enter a formula if(Dia_Code_CEH = 1 mm, 50 mm, if(Dia_Code_CEH = 2 mm, 100 mm, if(Dia_Code_CEH = 3 mm, 150 mm, if(Dia_Code_CEH = 4 mm, 200 mm, 250 mm))))
  61. 61. load the family and change the small panels change the family materials load the family
  62. 62. create the BIMLink
  63. 63. add a filter to the BIMLink preview of excel spreadsheet filter out the large panels (they are system panels here)
  64. 64. export to excel open in excel
  65. 65. setup a visual with formula random formula between 1 and 5 will populate the cells – there are many other excel formula that can also be used new worksheet with grid of cells with same number of columns and rows as curtain grid
  66. 66. the pattern formula copied to all cells conditional formatting allows you to see the pattern
  67. 67. the output new worksheet outputs the pattern to a column A1 B1 C1 D1 E1
  68. 68. paste as values into the Dia_Code_CEH column paste into BIMLink sheet
  69. 69. import the BIMLink only the curtain panels sheet is visible as this is the sheet linked via BIMLink
  70. 70. BIMLink report one of the great features of BIMlink not quite sure what is going on here? however the values assigned in revit above are correct
  71. 71. the result
  72. 72. another pattern Go back to excel, select all the cells in the working sheet and press enter – the pattern changes. Don’t forget to update the BIMlink sheet with the new output values
  73. 73. start simple – not with something like this! start simple
  74. 74. imagine
  75. 75. Questions? check out my blog at
  76. 76. Building Information Model from Autodesk website Information by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center - Clash detection image from Architectus Piggy Bank by 401K - Head graphic – istock 000003879802Illustra (colours modified) Napkin sketch by Andrea Resmini - Tools by zzpza - Creating the Future for Libraries blank book by Shifted Librarian - Planning by Thomas Hawk - Blank notebook by Donkey Hotey- Pet plant by Michael Sarver - Analysis by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center - Options by gppeck - Horses by mikebaird - CP3o vs Data by JD Hancock - The Opera house by TEDx Sydney - 72157633430676460/ Component libraries by Daniel Moodie Screen shots generally by Ceilidh Higgins at GHD Screen shots for Data as Design by Ceilidh Higgins for this presentation image credits