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# Basic Elements Of Expression

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### Basic Elements Of Expression

1. 1. BASIC ELEMENTS OF EXPRESSION 19/11/2008 1 “Several Circles”. Vasili Kandinsky Arts and Crafts 1º E.S.O. César Fernández Álvarez
2. 2. BASIC ELEMENTS POINT PLANE LINE TEXTURE 2
3. 3. WHICH ELEMENTS CAN YOU IDENTIFY? Points? Lines? Planes? Textures? 3
4. 4. POINT The point is the smallest expression element. It is usually rounded, but can also be square, triangular, starred, irregular, etc... The point can present different sizes. If the size is too big, the point will be considered as a plane. 4
5. 5. THE EXPRESSIVE POWER OF POINTS Changing the shapes, colours and sizes of points, we can create a sensation of depth. “Composition number VIII”. Vasili Kandinsky Using the technique of pointillism, you can create a painting by using only points. “Sunday afternnon on the island of Grand Jatte”.Seurat 5
6. 6. LINE It can be defined as a point in movement. Every line has two dimensions: width and length. Lines are always longer than wider. “Starred night”. Van Gogh 6
7. 7. TYPES OF LINES I SIMPLE LINES: they are made by one trait. STRAIGTH LINES CURVE LINES 7
8. 8. TYPES OF LINES II COMPOUND LINES: they are made by two or more simple lines in different directions. WAVY LINE ZIG-ZAG LINES SPIRAL 8
9. 9. THE EXPRESSIVE POWER OF LINES Horizontal lines: they transmit a feeling of stability, balance, calm and lack of movement. Vertical lines: they transmit a feeling of stability too. Curved lines: they create a sensation of dynamism or movement. 9
10. 10. We can create sensation of depth by drawing vertical or horizontal lines decreasing in size. shadows are made by concentrating lines By crossing lines in different directions we can create a 10 sensation of light and Brightness is made by dispersing lines or blanks. shadow.
11. 11. PLANE It can be defined as a two dimensional surface, with width and length. The plane can be represented by: an outline. a coloured shape. a form or textured surface. 11
12. 12. TYPES OF PLANES REGULAR: they are the simplest kind of planes. Their sides have the same length and their angles are the same. They transmit a sensation of stability. IRREGULAR: their sides and angles have different length. They create a sensation of instability or movement. 12
13. 13. THE EXPRESSIVE POWER OF PLANES Superimposing forms we can create sensation of proximity-remoteness. If the forms of a composition decrease in size, it creates a sensation of depth. If we superimpose one form over another, the effect will be 13 higher.
14. 14. Lighting the colours of a composition produces a sensation of remoteness. If we change the size and the colour of a composition and superimpose the forms, the effect will be higher. SUPERIMPOSING CHANGE OF SIZE, AND COLOUR LIGHTING COLOURS CHANGE OF 14 SIZE AND COLOUR
15. 15. COMPOSITIONS WITH PLANES “The green line”. Matisse 15 “Talking in the Harvest”. Kasimir Malevich
16. 16. TEXTURE The word texture refers to what things are made of and how they feel. Textures can be described as “rough”, “smooth”, “hard”, “soft”, “liquid”, “solid”. There are two kinds of textures: Natural: we find them in nature. ROUGH SOFT ROUGH Artificial: they are created by men, manually or mechanically. HARD SMOOTH 16
17. 17. TYPES OF TEXTURES I TACTILE TEXTURES: those textures that we can see and touch. Using the technique of collage, we can create tactile textures. This technique consists on sticking different materials over a surface. COLLAGE USING DIFFERENT MATERIALS 17
18. 18. TYPES OF TEXTURES II VISUAL TEXTURES: those textures that we can see but not touch. Using the technique of frottage, we can create visual textures. This technique consists on rubbing a paper over a textured surface with a pencil. VISUAL TEXTURE VISUAL TEXTURE FROM A 18 FROM A DECORATIVE TABLE HANDKERCHIEF CLOTH
19. 19. “A Glimpse of Notre Dame in the Late Afternoon”. Matisse 19