WHICH ELEMENTS CAN YOU IDENTIFY?
The point is the smallest expression element.
It is usually rounded, but can also be square, triangular, starred,
The point can present different sizes. If the size is too big, the
point will be considered as a plane.
THE EXPRESSIVE POWER OF POINTS
Changing the shapes, colours and sizes of points, we can create a
sensation of depth.
“Composition number VIII”. Vasili Kandinsky
Using the technique of pointillism, you can create a painting by
using only points.
“Sunday afternnon on the island
of Grand Jatte”.Seurat
It can be defined as a point in movement.
Every line has two dimensions: width and length. Lines are
always longer than wider.
“Starred night”. Van Gogh
TYPES OF LINES I
SIMPLE LINES: they are made by one trait.
STRAIGTH LINES CURVE LINES
TYPES OF LINES II
COMPOUND LINES: they are made by two or more simple
lines in different directions.
THE EXPRESSIVE POWER OF LINES
Horizontal lines: they transmit a feeling of
stability, balance, calm and lack of
Vertical lines: they transmit a feeling of
Curved lines: they create a sensation of
dynamism or movement.
We can create sensation of
depth by drawing vertical or
horizontal lines decreasing in
shadows are made by concentrating lines
By crossing lines in different
directions we can create a 10
sensation of light and
Brightness is made by dispersing lines or blanks.
It can be defined as a two dimensional surface, with width and
length. The plane can be represented by:
a coloured shape.
a form or textured surface.
TYPES OF PLANES
REGULAR: they are the simplest kind of planes. Their
sides have the same length and their angles are the same.
They transmit a sensation of stability.
IRREGULAR: their sides and angles have different length.
They create a sensation of instability or movement.
THE EXPRESSIVE POWER OF PLANES
Superimposing forms we can create
sensation of proximity-remoteness.
If the forms of a composition
decrease in size, it creates a
sensation of depth.
If we superimpose one form
over another, the effect will be 13
Lighting the colours of a composition produces a sensation of
If we change the size and the colour of a composition and
superimpose the forms, the effect will be higher.
OF SIZE, AND COLOUR
COMPOSITIONS WITH PLANES
“The green line”. Matisse
“Talking in the Harvest”. Kasimir Malevich
The word texture refers to what things are made of and
how they feel. Textures can be described as “rough”,
“smooth”, “hard”, “soft”, “liquid”, “solid”.
There are two kinds of textures:
Natural: we find them in nature.
Artificial: they are created by men, manually or mechanically.
TYPES OF TEXTURES I
TACTILE TEXTURES: those textures that we can see and
Using the technique of collage, we can create tactile
textures. This technique consists on sticking different
materials over a surface.
TYPES OF TEXTURES II
VISUAL TEXTURES: those textures that we can see but
Using the technique of frottage, we can create visual
textures. This technique consists on rubbing a paper over
a textured surface with a pencil.
FROM A 18
“A Glimpse of Notre Dame in the Late Afternoon”. Matisse