Universal Service Fund for Connected Education: European experience


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Universal Service Fund for Connected Education: European experience

  1. 1. Usage of Universal Service Fund for connected eLearning Denis Gudym, Government Affairs Manager in Russia and CIS countries, Intel Corporation Moldova ICT Summit, May 18, 2011 2011 Month, Day 20111
  2. 2. Universal Service Fund (USF) for Data, Not Just Voice Most countries have a Universal Service Fund and have all their Telecommunications industries pay a part of their net earnings into it. USF is then used to enable a baseline level of telecommunications services to every resident of a country Traditionally these funds have been used for basic voice service (e.g. payphone shared by many). However, we’re increasingly seeing governments apply these funds towards data + voice, or even connected services, for various applications from telecenters to healthcare to education.2
  3. 3. Case study: Turkey3
  4. 4. Turkey legislation Objective: to ensure the provision of universal service obligation • Law No.5369 on the Provision of Universal Service (Official Gazette : 25.06.2005) • By-Law on the Rules and Procedures on the Collection of the Universal Service Revenues and the Financing of the Expenditures (Official Gazette : 29.06.2006)4
  5. 5. Financing of universal service fund • 2% of the authorization charges granted to Telecommunications Authority, • 1% of the annual net sales of operators, except GSM operators, • 10% of the share that GSM operators paid to the Treasury, • 20% of the administrative fines incurred by Telecommunications Authority, • 20% of the amount remained after all expenditure of Telecommunications Authority. - The revenues of universal service are collected under a special account named “Universal Service Fund”. - ICT Ministry is responsible from the Universal Service Policies, Fund and applications. - If these fund do not cover the expenditures of the universal service obligation, Ministry of Finance shall allocate the required appropriation.5
  6. 6. Scope of the universal service • Fixed telephone services, • Public pay phone, • Telephone directory services to be provided in the printed or electronic media, • Emergency call services, • Basic internet services, • Transportation services to regions where transportation can only be made by navigation and communication services related to emergency and safety in the sea, • Services for the widesread usage of information technologies including computer literacy, • Digital broadcasting services (DVB-T,DVB-S,DVB-C), using different broadcast environment, over terrestrial digital transmitters covering all residential areas in Turkey. • Digitizing the printed documents and information of public institution/organizations by transferring to electronic environment for e- government services (added in 2010).6
  7. 7. Projects- Public Internet Access Centres (3000).- Connection of all schools with broadband.- Rural Area Connectivity (WiMAX based telephony/internet).- ICT Classes at 21.000 schools.- Computer supported Science Laboratory at 1333 school.- Project for Blind people “Seeing Eye”- FATIH Project7
  8. 8. Annual USF Revenues 2005: 67 Million US Dollar 2006: 310 Million US Dollar 2007: 385 Million US Dollar 2008: 347 Million US Dollar 2009: 376 Million US Dollar 2010: 390 Million US Dollar8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. Project Objective: • Developing ICT usage skills of teachers and students Project Scope • Deploying ICT devices in classrooms • Internet Connection • Notebook • Projector • 42.000 schools, 620.000 classrooms • 3-years investment timeframe • 2010 – High Schools • 2011 – Secondary Schools • 2012 – Primary Schools10
  11. 11. Completing Hardware and Software Infrastructure $1.1B Budget Teacher Training Developing and Providing e-Content F@TİH Project Developing Secure, Manageable and Measurable Adopting Education ICT Usage Curriculum for effective ICT Usage11
  12. 12. Success Factors - The active involvement of all stakeholders – administrations, industry, academia, and civil society is essential. - 2003: e-transformation Turkey Project; all individual studies have been gathered under an umbrella project (2003-2004 action plan was including the regulations for Universal Service) - Universal Service Law, 2005. - Demo applications to show the benefits of ICT in education and broadband connectivity, other influencer efforts (using media effectively) - High level meetings with Prime Minister, Ministers of Education and ICT for education programs. - Convincing Prime Minister and other Ministers for national education transformation project and well defined targets. - Need to influence both MoE and MICT and provide coordination between them.12
  13. 13. Kocaeli Municipality 1:1 eLearning Initiative Definition Vision & Targets • Kocaeli Municipality is going to distribute “CMPC The vision of the program is “Be a contemporary /Miller Point” to all 5th grade students at the province in municipality by implementing 1:1 Learning Model in each education year with its own initiative. Kocaeli and giving students chance to achieve 21st • Datateknik (LOEM) has won the tender and going to Century skill set.” implement the education model in Kocaeli. Targets • All public schools in the city, totally 369 schools, will • Launch 1:1 eLearning usage model based on be covered by this program. classroom/home usage in Kocaeli. • 26587 units CMPC will be distributed to students ito • Students’ access to quality education from anywhere. the 5th grade students until the end of 2009. • Accelerate student-centered learning in Kocaeli • The prime minister of Turkey is expected to attend the region launch event on the third week of November. •Increase students’ performance, motivation, and • This is the first and the unique program applied by engagement. local government institution in Turkey. • Facilitate teachers’ task to stimulate learning and interaction.13
  14. 14. Kocaeli Municipality 1:1 eLearning Initiative Execution & Training Opportunities & Expectations • Students are going to collaborate, exchange • Influence other municipalities in implementing 1o1 e- information and work with e-Learning material learning model by providing high-quality education to more students • Teachers are going to monitor classroom activity, supplement and extend their lectures with interactive • Demonstrate feasibility/benefits of e-learning model material. within context of Turkey to government stakeholders , private schools and influencers . • On December 2009, there will be training section to more than 1000 teachers in the Kocaeli province. • Each year training will be provided on 1o1 education and project-based learning subjects; and CMPC education stack usage model. • Training will be 3 days and 20 hours for each teacher. • Intel Teach program which is already active in Kocaeli province will be extended to include the teachers of all schools during the course of the implementation.14
  15. 15. Case studies: Portugal, Romania, Spain15
  16. 16. Leading uses of USF for BroadbandCountry Description Turkey Subsidize BB + PC for Teachers (620,000) Nigeria Accelerate BB in State Capitals, train educators, subsidize CMPCs Malaysia Subsidize BB + PC to students and underserved population in Malaysia Pakistan BB Coverage – 100k to 1.5M BB subs in 2010, build out rural PC centers Chile BB Coverage - 1% to 90% coverage in rural areas Morocco SMB government sponsored program Romania Build out of 600 telecenters Portugal Subsidize of NBs + 3G from spectrum auction Vietnam BB Coverage to villages & WiMAX pilots Intel trade marks are proprietary of Intel Corporation, other third parties logos are India BB Coverage / BB Subsidy / PC Subsidy / WiMAX Subsidy proprietary of their respective owners Colombia BB Coverage to 4k public institutions with 4.7M people impacted Ecuador Subsidize BB to schools & teachers. Purchase 33k PCs for schools. Poland Internet Tax Deduction - deduction of services fees up to ~$250/year $6B+ invested in the last 3 years on ICT programs impacting 320M+ people/SMB16
  17. 17. Portugal - IT Investment to grow GDP • National ICT plan by Prime Minister Objectives 2008 2010 Goal Internet Usage 38% 60% Additional 2.2M new Users BB Penetration 13% 50% Student per PC 9:1 2:1 550k PC by 2010 Teacher ICT 8% 90% 150K • $400M 3G License fees to subsidies PC + BB • Build kids laptops, Export Education Solutions17
  18. 18. Success factors - Started with a national technology plan – (Plano Technologico) – Comms, Edu Ministries and Intel - Investment in comprehensive education program that improves education through new technology, software and educational content, training and support. - Create a local sustainable economic model that generates jobs and trade opportunities - Form Partnerships that lower costs and utilize the experience and resources of both public and Private sectors - Innovated funding model – 3G license18
  19. 19. Romania Education Transformation 60.000 teachers trained by 2010 200EURO vouchers towards World class educational a new PC for content – AeL (SIVECO) students Opening spectrum for WiMAX wireless Launched EURO connectivity PC: shared access program for rural areas Intel “Unwire Romanian One-to-One Universities” Program serves over eLearning with 300,000 students Classmate PC19
  20. 20. Spain Escuela 2.0 = School 2.0 • Announced by President on May, 12th. • Part of the government stimulus plan • Objective: Knowledge base economy • Implementation start on September 2009 • Initial Target: 5th grade students (420K)20
  21. 21. Thank You21