Karate-do

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Presentation of the Karate (martial art).

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Karate-do

  1. 1. <ul><ul><li>Karate-do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>June 2004 </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Master Gichin Funakoshi </li></ul><ul><li>Three aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchy of belts </li></ul><ul><li>KiAi </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Natural weapon : the hand </li></ul><ul><li>Natural weapon : the leg </li></ul><ul><li>The End </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Japanese martial art </li></ul><ul><li>Involves a variety of techniques, including blocks, strikes, evasions, throws, and joint manipulations </li></ul><ul><li>Kara means empty; te means hand; do means the way, thus karate-do means &quot;the way of the empty hand&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>~40 million practitioners world-wide (1996, Okinawan Prefectual Board) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>History </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>Master Gichin Funakoshi </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Founder of modern karate-do </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Okinawa </li></ul><ul><li>Bought his forms and style to mainland Japan </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The ultimate aim of karate lies not in victory nor defeat, but in the perfection of the character of its participants&quot; </li></ul>(1868-1957) Okinawa
  6. 6. <ul><ul><li>Three aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kihon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>basic training drills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pair work or solo exercises </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kata </li></ul><ul><ul><li>means forms, is a fight against imaginary enemies, it is a fixed sequence of moves. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>used in competitions (individual or team) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kumite </li></ul><ul><ul><li>means sparring, develops from well defined forms to the free form named randori (means &quot;chaos taking&quot;) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>used in competitions (individual or team) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><ul><li>Hierarchy of belts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Change with the style </li></ul><ul><li>For the Shotokan style : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10th Kyu - White </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9th Kyu - Yellow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8th Kyu - Orange </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7th Kyu - Green </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6th Kyu - Blue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5th Kyu - Second Blue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4th Kyu - Brown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3rd Kyu - Second Brown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2nd Kyu - Third Brown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1st Dan+ - Black </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>KiAi </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Made up of the ideogram &quot;Ki&quot; (means energy or spirit) and the ideogram &quot;Ai&quot; (means matching or union) </li></ul><ul><li>KiAi means &quot;working with Ki&quot; or &quot;harmonizing Ki&quot; or &quot;uniting the spirit.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful vibrations that paralyze the adversary for a brief instant. </li></ul><ul><li>Start from the hara (the lower abdomen or intestines - the ocean of energy), not the throat - observe like a cat meows or a lion roars </li></ul><ul><li>“One cry, one instant containing all space-time, the whole cosmos.” (Taisen Deshimaru) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Karate Gi / Kimono with belt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For the kumite : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sparring gloves - Groin protector - Mouth guard </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><ul><li>Natural weapon : the arm </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><ul><li>Natural weapon : the leg </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><ul><li>The End </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Any questions ? </li></ul><ul><li>Thank You ! </li></ul>

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