Fossil fuel


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Fossil fuel

  1. 1. Fossil fuels By Cedrick Calalay
  2. 2. What are fossil fuels? <ul><li>Fossil fuel are minerals or earthly made material that’s made thousands of years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples coal, natural gas, oil, and etc… </li></ul>
  3. 3. W hat are the different types o f fossil fuels? <ul><li>The different types of fossil are </li></ul><ul><li>Coal </li></ul><ul><li>Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Natural gas </li></ul>
  4. 4. How is coal formed <ul><li>Thy are formed many years ago and are found in mines/ underground places. They are most likely deposits from the dinosaur time and had time to create </li></ul><ul><li>Most coal can be found in many countries. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Different stages of coal formed <ul><li>Coal can be formed by different things. </li></ul><ul><li>Anthracite </li></ul><ul><li>Bituminous </li></ul><ul><li>Lignite </li></ul>
  6. 6. How is coal used as a fossil fuel <ul><li>Well now, we use coal as a fossil fuel by using it to produce heat and electricity when coal is being heated and combusting. </li></ul>
  7. 7. How is oil formed <ul><li>Oil is first formed more than 300 million years ago with diatoms (sea creatures). When Diatoms die, they fall to the bottom of the sea and in time, the dead bodies of them are squeezed and the energy of them can not escape. So in time, they turn into oil under such great pressure and heat. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How is oil used as a fossil fuel? <ul><li>We use oil for fuel to fuel our cars, trucks, est.. We use it to fuel our air vehicles. And we use it for heat. </li></ul>
  9. 9. How is natural gas formed? <ul><li>Natural gas was sometime made between 6000 to 2000 BCE. Its lighter than air and is made up of mostly methane which is a chemical compound of carbon and hydrogen atoms. They are usually found near petroleum underground </li></ul>
  10. 10. How are natural gas used as a fossil fuel <ul><li>Natural gas is a huge source of electricity. Natural gas burns more cleanly than other fossil fuels like oil and coal which means it produces less carbon dioxide. This can fossil can be used to create electricity/power or heat (It is combustible). </li></ul>
  11. 11. What are refineries and why are they important to the production of fossil fuel? <ul><li>A refinery is a industrial plant that purifies fuel substances. Its important because what is refined are only the substances that are not needed in the fuel. For example, if you pour water into a soda, what would u taste? Less of the soda. So soda is the fuel and the substances on it is the water. The substances are not what people want. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Exxon Valdez oil spill <ul><li>In Alaska on March 24 1989 a oil tanker that was heading for Long beach in California but hit a reed and spilled an estimate of 10.8 million gallons of oil. This caused a bad effect to animal habitats. People had companies trying to get rid of it by capturing it burning it and do others. Many animals had died because of this and a hefty fine was appointed to Baker Exxon for what had happened. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Deepwater horizon oil catastrophe incident <ul><li>On April 20, 2010, 210,000 gallons was spilled in the Gulf of Mexico because a explosion on where they were drilling oil covering over 40 miles of water. Because of this, it caused many animals to lose there homes and lives. BP engineers have attempted many different techniques to control the oil spill but still can’t control it. </li></ul>