Preschool teaching session 1

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Preschool teaching session 1

  1. 1. PRESCHOOL TEACHING Young Learners Workshop Session 1 Cecilia Maller 2011
  2. 2. <ul><li>Preschool Teaching </li></ul><ul><li>by Sandee McHugh-McBride, Judie Haynes </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>1. Three and four year olds are constantly in motion and have an incredible energy. </li></ul><ul><li>So... </li></ul><ul><li>Action-based activities will catch their attention and keep their interest. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>What do you need to do to effectively teach the ELLs in your preschool class? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>What kind of these activities would you suggest for them? </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>1.Have students make believe by playing house or pretending to be firefighters. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>2.Teach them to play games. Let them run jump, skip , dance and hop. </li></ul><ul><li>Skip:to not do something that you usually do </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>3.These activities can be used to encourage verbal expression and language development. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>4.Use what these children love to do in order to help them learn. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Children of this age group enjoy movement play . </li></ul><ul><li>So,... </li></ul><ul><li>A. -Emphasize acting out stories, </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>B-repeat predictable text, </li></ul><ul><li>C -puppetry, </li></ul><ul><li>D -chants, </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>E-rhymes, </li></ul><ul><li>F -finger plays, </li></ul><ul><li>G -songs, </li></ul><ul><li>H-and role-playing. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>2. Develop oral language skills . </li></ul>HOW?
  14. 14. <ul><li>*Teach young ELLs to speak and understand English first. </li></ul>WHY?
  15. 15. <ul><li>They need to learn vocabulary dealing with... </li></ul><ul><li>Ss. Give examples </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>greetings, </li></ul><ul><li>family, </li></ul><ul><li>body parts, </li></ul><ul><li>school and classroom items, </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>days of the week, </li></ul><ul><li>zoo and farm animals, </li></ul><ul><li>numbers, </li></ul><ul><li>shapes, </li></ul><ul><li>seasons, </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>colors, </li></ul><ul><li>clothing, </li></ul><ul><li>and fruit. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Ideas to be used
  20. 20. <ul><li>3. Use visuals, like... </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>graphs, </li></ul><ul><li>posters, </li></ul><ul><li>videos, </li></ul><ul><li>picture books, </li></ul><ul><li>educational computer games, </li></ul><ul><li>and realia to help students acquire language.. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Bring in a bag of old clothing when teaching the names of clothes; </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare a fruit salad with them or use Cheerios for counting and M&Ms for colors, for example. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>4. It's great to use seasonal themes because they are meaningful to the children. </li></ul><ul><li>Mother´s day </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>These activities make the vocabulary more relevant to the children and, therefore, more memorable. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>One example would be teaching about autumn by collecting fallen leaves, decorating pumpkins, creating your own costumes or masks,, dressing up as Indians, and having a simple Thanksgiving Feast. </li></ul>
  26. 26. WHY ?
  27. 27. <ul><li>These activities make the vocabulary more relevant to the children and, therefore, more memorable . </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>5. You will also want to build on the prior knowledge of your students. </li></ul><ul><li>Ss give ideas </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Make sure the theme is appropriate for the culture of the country you are teaching in. A Halloween theme will not mean very much to students in China . </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>6. Activate prior knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>How can we do this???? </li></ul><ul><li>Ss give ideas </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>*Choosing themes that can be linked to what your students already know. </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>*Pre-teach vocabulary and concepts that your ELLs will probably not know; such as in nursery rhymes . </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>Accommodations for EFL Students. </li></ul><ul><li>Important to remember: </li></ul><ul><li>Modify these ideas to meet the needs of your English language learners. </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>You can expect to go much slower and provide a lot more repetition. </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>We(Ts) want to develop cognitive skills but not at the expense of social, emotional, and physical development. </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>Young children should not be learning English just by completing handouts or coloring. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Any question?

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