2. children´s creative use of limited language resources


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2. children´s creative use of limited language resources

  1. 1. TEACHING ENGLISH FOR PRIMARY EDUCATION 1.2.Children´s creative use of limited language resources Cecilia Maller, 2014
  2. 2.  In early stages of mother tongue development Children (=ch.). very creative with:  1. Concepts  2. Grammatical forms.  Ex.  1.Don´t unring? (= wait, hold on) ( knowledge of UN, as a negative prefix).  2. Switch off the dark.
  3. 3. FUNDAMENTAL PHENOMENON TO LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT.  A. Creation of words by analogy.  B. Invention of new words.  It´s also present in people who are learning a L2.
  4. 4. IF THEY UNDERSTAND MESSAGE… THEY UNDERSTAND LANGUAGE  To maintain this first source of understanding is fundamental part of human communication.  Highly developed ability in primary for this, but difficult for them to follow purely verbal instructions and info.  How do we know it´s not working? They get it wrong.
  5. 5.  Ch. have interpreting skills ability to understand messages. That´s how they learn new words ,concepts and expressions in L1. How do they learn a new lg.? Ch. call on same skills to interpret new: sounds, words and structures.
  6. 6. WHAT TO DO TO SUPPORT AND DEVELOP THIS?  Use: gestures, intonation, demonstration, actions, facial expressions.  What for?  To convey meaning of what said.
  7. 7. Ch. abilities:  Perceive meaning  Have great skill in producing meaningful lg. from limited sources.
  8. 8. WHAT IF A ? GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE IS ?  Different ways to convey meaning:  Make up new words-  Say words from their mother tongue in a foreign accent.  May produce temporarily inexact and inept lg. manage to communicate
  9. 9. WHAT´S THIS?  A way to build up our grasp (= ability to understand a complicated idea or situation, to take sth. and hold it firmly) of the lg.  We are building up our grasp of the lg.  Why?  We are actively recombining and constructing it for ourselves.
  10. 10. WHEN DOES THE PHENOMENON APPEAR?  Always and naturally, when there´s need to communicate..  To make the most of the creative lg. Skill, we should provide occasions where:  1. the urge to communicate makes ch. find some way of expressing themselves.
  11. 11.  2. The lg. demanded by the activity is impredictable, it´s not only asking to repeat set phrases, but is encouraging kids/ learners to construct lg. Actively for themselves.  What can we do, then? GAMES Use
  12. 12. WHY GAMES?  They are fun Create desire to communicate Create unpredictability Fun elements
  13. 13. WHAT NOT TO FORGET…  Close T´s guidance should not be avoided, it´s also an important partof learning.  Freer activities: give the chance to make mistakes.  Ch. are impatient to communicate, so…more not fewer mistakes.
  14. 14. WHAT DOES THE DESIRE TO COMMUNICATE BRING?  Brings next capacity….  Which one?  Their aptitude for indirect learning
  15. 15. HOMEWORK Read and summarize ( study) 1.3. Children´s capacity for indirect learning Pgs. 5 and 6, Chapter 1. Teaching English in the Primary Classroom