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Rfid101 rfid introduction_lr

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Rfid101 rfid introduction_lr

  1. 1. RFID Introduction®
  2. 2. Auto ID Systems  Auto ID is a short name for Automatic Identification  Includes a lot of different types of technologies: bar codes, smart cards,retinal scans, fingerprint scanning, and RFID… (many others)  What makes them all the same?  Something is IDENTIFIED (person or item)  Data is RETRIEVED (cash register pulls up the price of the item)  Data is USED (a calculation or function takes place)  Ultimately, people use these technologies to SAVE TIME and INCREASEACCURACY. Both of these benefits SAVE MONEY!
  3. 3. RFID: What is it?Radio Frequency IDentification  Data is transferred throughradio waves.  Unlike barcodes, RFIDdoes not need a person tobe involved.
  4. 4. The shortest history lessonon RFID EVER.  RFID has been around along time  Started in World War 2 totrack airplanes  1973 - Door Lockingsystems (like here!)  1979 – Animal Tracking 1980s and 1990s Businesses andGovernments used thetechnology to trackinventory. Smalleritems than airplanes!
  5. 5. The Here and Now  Why is it so popular now?  With more interest(demand), antennas aregetting less expensive.  As more businessesinvest in the benefits ofRFID, the greater thedemand.  The greater the demand,the lower the price.  The lower the price, morebusinesses will invest inthe the technology.
  6. 6. RFID Uses Assets Equipment MaterialsProducts Personnel Processes Production Quality Resources
  7. 7. RFID Basics and Converting®
  8. 8. What is RFID?  The heart of RFID technology is a transponder, a tiny computer chip with anantenna. The transponder is embedded in an extremely thin label, usuallyknown as a tag that can be applied to logistics units such as pallets orcartons.  A unique number is generally stored on the transponder for encryptinginformation, which is recorded in a database for access by authorized users.
  9. 9. RFID Tags  RFID tags contain at least two parts:  an integrated circuit for storing and processing information, modulating anddemodulating a radio-frequency (RF) signal, collecting DC power from theincident reader signal, and other specialized functions;  and an antenna for receiving and transmitting the signal.
  10. 10. RFID Tags  RFID tags can be either passive, active or battery assisted passive.  An active tag has an on-board battery that periodically transmits its IDsignal.  A battery assisted passive (BAP) has a small battery on board that isactivated when in the presence of a RFID reader.  A passive tag is cheaper and smaller because it has no battery.
  11. 11. RFID Frequency
  12. 12. Tag Data Standards (TDS)Tag Data Standard defines EPC tag data, including how GS1 key identifiers areencoded on the tag and how they are encoded for use in the information systemslayers of the EPC Systems Network.  Example of commonly used GS1 Key Type:  EPC - Electronic Product Code  GS1 is an international association who is dedicated to the design and implementation of globalProduct Identification Standard.
  13. 13. Identifiers Basic Format  Header – Which Type of Identifiers / Tag Data Format  EPC Manager Number – Which Company Prefix  Object Class – Which Product Code  Serial Number – Which Item
  14. 14. EPC (Electronic Product Code)  EPC is the unique number stored in a RFID Tag. It is in BinaryRepresentation on the Tag which encoded with serialized number andproduct code.001100000111010000100101011110111111010001100010010111111000000000000000000000000000000110010000
  15. 15. Tag Product  Combine of EPC and RFID can provide unique identifier to each item  Assign EPC Numbers to cases / items  Print and encode the EPC tags with EPC printers  Shipments can be tagged at the pallet / case / item level as requiredMobile Scanner
  16. 16. RFID Scanner
  17. 17. Production FlowRFID work flowrr-pppaaaccckkk HHKr-pack HKVVeeennndddoorVendor r-ppaacckk PPaaaccckkkaaagggiinng (HK)r-pack Packaging (HK)CCuussstttooommerCustomerPOApparelPOEPCTagRFID Web SystemEPC DatabaseEPCIS ServerExcel Order/ WebFormImportRFIDEPCdataThermal print,Encoding & CuttingFGFG FGPackingQualityCheckRFID ReaderCargo DeliveryEPCIS DBEPCIS DBConvert& ExportQCFailData Management
  18. 18. Order Management  r-pac receive and manage the orders from vendors in varies way. Systemreserve the serial range for each UPC when import order. Then calculatethe EPC base on EPC global conversion logic guideline. Then printer usercan export the production file from our RFID System.Order Type: 1) By E-mail excel order2) Web Form3) XML4) EDIAccountManagement Teamconfirm order withCustomer/VendorReady for exportto ProductionSystem verify serialhistory for each UPCand calculate EPC fornew order
  19. 19. EDI Management  r-pac MIS import order data into RFID web system, and then user cansearch, add remark, track order status and export order production file.Formated order form
  20. 20. Data Management  RFID web system will encode UPC to EPC, site ID and Serial No. , and splitthe item line quantity when exportEPC code is unique in ourRFID system database
  21. 21. Production Management  In our factory, Printer will connect the production file and then print theLabel cards.ConnecttoPrintProduction File /Web Print System
  22. 22. Item Level RFID Applications
  23. 23.  Questions?Go ahead. Ask!