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Copenhagen 
Nick Digirolamo 
Zach Duell 
Reed Feery 
Matt Macmurray 
Erin Robartes
Physical Aspects of Copenhagen 
The capital and most populated city of 
Denmark
Copenhagen, Denmark 
In Northern Europe The City
Copenhagen is an old city…
Bella Sky Hotel, Ørestad district of Copenhagen, Denmark 
… mixed with contemporary features
Copenhagen has many airports, including Copenhagen 
Airport, the largest airport in Scandonavia
Copenhagen has one of the most used public transportation 
systems in Europe and the world (main-line rail, S-train, 
regi...
Copenhagen has extensive road networks including relatively 
new Øresund Bridge, which connects city to major Swedish 
cit...
Øresund Bridge 
• Longest combined road and rail bridge in Europe 
• Last portion of bridge (4 km, 2.5 mi) is underwater
Copenhagen served by daily ferry to Oslo, Norway and canals 
allow for some boat travel along the coast
Many parts of the city do not allow motor vehicle access and 
are designated as walking and biking districts
Speaking of biking…
Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities 
in the world 
• Extensive bicycle paths often separated from main t...
Political Point of View 
● First Danish Planning Act, 1939 
● The Finger Plan, 1947 
● The Thumb & the Forefinger, 1961 
●...
The Fingers Plan 
● 1947 
● Development strategy where 
each finger is a metropolitan 
area focused on a branch of the 
Co...
Social Point of View 
- Population - 569,000 (1/10 total population of Denmark) 
- 77% of Danish descent 
- 1.8 million pe...
Social Point of View 
- Extremely environmentally friendly 
- Aims to be carbon-neutral by 2025 
- Extremely bicycle-frien...
Historical Transportation and Land 
Use Events 
● 1847 - First Central Station in Copenhagen 
● 1847 - First steam engine ...
● 1962 - The world's longest Pedestrian Street in Copenhagen 
● 1972 - The last Tramcar in Copenhagen 
● 2000 - The Oresun...
Transportation Goals: Bicycles 
2011-2025 Bicycle Strategy 
● Reduce Travel Time 
o one way bicycle streets eliminated, sh...
http://media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/57/b4/ac/57b4ac3612843bbd9771e4badf076363.jpg
Goals: Pedestrians 
2015 Goals- More People to Walk More 
→ Contributes to the goal of becoming carbon neutral 
→ More liv...
Goals: Public Transportation 
● Construction of Metro City Ring 
o Another underground metro line to improve transportatio...
Questions?
Works Cited 
http://www.cntraveller.com/guides/europe/denmark/copenhagen/where-to-stay 
http://freshtraveldestinations.com...
Works Cited 
http://www.turkey-visit.com/map/Denmark/Odense-map.asp 
http://www.copenhagen-cph.airports-guides.com/cph_air...
Copenhagen 1
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Copenhagen 1

  1. 1. Copenhagen Nick Digirolamo Zach Duell Reed Feery Matt Macmurray Erin Robartes
  2. 2. Physical Aspects of Copenhagen The capital and most populated city of Denmark
  3. 3. Copenhagen, Denmark In Northern Europe The City
  4. 4. Copenhagen is an old city…
  5. 5. Bella Sky Hotel, Ørestad district of Copenhagen, Denmark … mixed with contemporary features
  6. 6. Copenhagen has many airports, including Copenhagen Airport, the largest airport in Scandonavia
  7. 7. Copenhagen has one of the most used public transportation systems in Europe and the world (main-line rail, S-train, regional trains, metro, and buses)
  8. 8. Copenhagen has extensive road networks including relatively new Øresund Bridge, which connects city to major Swedish city Malmö
  9. 9. Øresund Bridge • Longest combined road and rail bridge in Europe • Last portion of bridge (4 km, 2.5 mi) is underwater
  10. 10. Copenhagen served by daily ferry to Oslo, Norway and canals allow for some boat travel along the coast
  11. 11. Many parts of the city do not allow motor vehicle access and are designated as walking and biking districts
  12. 12. Speaking of biking…
  13. 13. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world • Extensive bicycle paths often separated from main traffic and sometimes have their own traffic signal systems
  14. 14. Political Point of View ● First Danish Planning Act, 1939 ● The Finger Plan, 1947 ● The Thumb & the Forefinger, 1961 ● Regional Planning Authority formed, 1966. ● Greater Copenhagen Council was formed, 1974 - 1989. ● Present Day - 2000 - Greater Copenhagen Authority was established to oversee transportation planning. · Major Legal Milestones
  15. 15. The Fingers Plan ● 1947 ● Development strategy where each finger is a metropolitan area focused on a branch of the Copenhagen S-train. ● Palm of the “hand” is the central, dense urban area of Copenhagen. ● Is still the basis of regional transportation almost 60 years later.
  16. 16. Social Point of View - Population - 569,000 (1/10 total population of Denmark) - 77% of Danish descent - 1.8 million people occupy the Greater Copenhagen Metropolitan area (1/3 total population) - City Area: 221,712 acres - Density Level: 23 people / acre - Park Acreage: 6,143 acres - Well known for its high quality of living - One of the most expensive cities in the world - Extremely safe
  17. 17. Social Point of View - Extremely environmentally friendly - Aims to be carbon-neutral by 2025 - Extremely bicycle-friendly - 36% of residents regularly use bicycles to travel their place of work or education - Connected to Malmo, Sweden by the Øresund Bridge - Brings thousands of people between the 2 countries every day
  18. 18. Historical Transportation and Land Use Events ● 1847 - First Central Station in Copenhagen ● 1847 - First steam engine ● 1863 - First horse driven Tram Car line in Denmark and Copenhagen was established ● 1896 - First motor vehicle in Copenhagen ● 1910 - First Bicycle Lanes and paths in Copenhagen ● 1955 - First "Skyscrapers" in Copenhagen ● 1956 - First Danish Freeway in Greater Copenhagen
  19. 19. ● 1962 - The world's longest Pedestrian Street in Copenhagen ● 1972 - The last Tramcar in Copenhagen ● 2000 - The Oresund Bridge ● 2002 - The first metro line in and around Copenhagen opened ● 2008 - Copenhagen no. 1 city in the world ● 2012 – Bicycle superhighway opens
  20. 20. Transportation Goals: Bicycles 2011-2025 Bicycle Strategy ● Reduce Travel Time o one way bicycle streets eliminated, short cuts established ● Sense of Security o reduce congestion, more and wider cycle tracks, room for passing ● Improved Comfort o smooth cycle tracks, improved snow clearing ● Changes in City Life o cargo bike facilities, shopping by biking http://kk.sites.itera.dk/apps/kk_pub2/pdf/823_Bg65v7UH2t.pdf
  21. 21. http://media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/57/b4/ac/57b4ac3612843bbd9771e4badf076363.jpg
  22. 22. Goals: Pedestrians 2015 Goals- More People to Walk More → Contributes to the goal of becoming carbon neutral → More liveable city-better interactions with other people and the city → Method: benches, time to cross at intersections, walking surfaces http://ec.europa.eu/environment/europeangreencapital/winning-cities/2014-copenhagen/copenhagen-application/ index.html http://kk.sites.itera.dk/apps/kk_pub2/pdf/944_kJ1jmWQff0.pdf
  23. 23. Goals: Public Transportation ● Construction of Metro City Ring o Another underground metro line to improve transportation throughout the old quarter of the city ● Traffic Calming o Increases in parking charges o Reserved spaces for registered shared cars http://ec.europa.eu/environment/europeangreencapital/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Section-2-Local-transport_Copenhagen.pdf
  24. 24. Questions?
  25. 25. Works Cited http://www.cntraveller.com/guides/europe/denmark/copenhagen/where-to-stay http://freshtraveldestinations.com/oresund-bridge-the-connection-between-sweden-and-denmark/ http://photo.net/photodb/photo?photo_id=2963701 http://kk.sites.itera.dk/apps/kk_pub2/pdf/823_Bg65v7UH2t.pdf http://media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/57/b4/ac/57b4ac3612843bbd9771e4badf076363.jpg http://ec.europa.eu/environment/europeangreencapital/winning-cities/2014-copenhagen/copenhagen-application/index.html http://kk.sites.itera.dk/apps/kk_pub2/pdf/944_kJ1jmWQff0.pdf http://ec.europa.eu/environment/europeangreencapital/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Section-2-Local-transport_ Copenhagen.pdf http://www.2gocopenhagen.com/ http://www.copenhagenet.dk/Images/DSB-Flintholm.jpg https://d3n8a8pro7vhmx.cloudfront.net/greenbelt/pages/565/attachments/original/1382460782/copenhagen-finger- plan_-_image_2.jpg?1382460782 http://contemporarycity.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/fingerplan.jpg
  26. 26. Works Cited http://www.turkey-visit.com/map/Denmark/Odense-map.asp http://www.copenhagen-cph.airports-guides.com/cph_airport_maps.html http://www.lonelyplanet.com/maps/europe/denmark/copenhagen/ http://www.istopoli.com/cruise/port.php?id=1 http://international-club-copenhagen.blogspot.com/2011/05/bella-sky-comwell-hotel-grand-opening.html http://www.sharpgis.net/post/2007/11/12/Linear-maps http://www.xtec.cat/~aguiu1/socials/mapes08.htm http://www.mimoa.eu/projects/Sweden/Malm%F6/%D8resund%20bridge http://adventuresforanyone.blogspot.com/2014/09/my-first-thoughts-on-denmark.html http://adventuresforanyone.blogspot.com/2014/09/my-first-thoughts-on-denmark.html http://www.thecycler.net/more/copenhagen-bike-share-competition http://pinetribe.com/the-wheels-keep-on-rollin/

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