Components of Whole Blood<br />Plasma(55% of whole blood)<br />WBC and platelets(<1% of whole blood)<br />Formed elements<br />Erythrocytes(45% of whole blood)<br />Withdraw blood and place in tube<br />Centrifuge<br />1<br />2<br />
Haemoglobin<br /><ul><li>gives red blood cells their colour
absent or faulty globin chain in hemoglobin <br />Erythrocytes are thin, delicate, and deficient in hemoglobin<br />Thalassemia<br />
Sickle-cell anemia<br />results from a defective gene<br />Codes for an abnormal hemoglobin called hemoglobinS (HbS)<br />This defect causes RBCs to become sickle-shaped in low oxygen situations<br />
Pernicious anemia </li></li></ul><li>According to WHO,most common nutrient deficiency in world.<br />A secondary result of hemorrhagic anemia<br />Inadequate intake of iron-containing foods<br />Impaired iron absorption<br />Iron deficiency anemia<br />
Oral Iron Therapy <br />Ideal dose – 100mg per day (prophylactic)<br />Ferrous gluconate, ferrous fumarate, ferrous succinate, ferrous sulphate, ferrous ascorbate citrate<br />Rise in Hb – 0.8 gm / dl / week<br />Side effects -G I upset most common<br />
Diet Guide For Anemia<br /><ul><li>Increase your intake of iron
Iron from animal sources is more easily absorbed than iron from plant foods.
Vitamin C increases the uptake of iron, so add foods containing vitamin C (eg. orange juice, tomato salad)
Lack of vitamin B12 can contribute to anemia, intake of foods containing vitamin B12, such as beef, pork, eggs, cheese and milk.
Increase your intake of folate by adding these foods to your diet: green leafy vegetables, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, whole grains</li></li></ul><li>TheWorld Health Organisationstates…<br />‘transfusion should be prescribed ONLY for conditions for which there is NO OTHER TREATMENT’<br />
According to WHO:<br />1st may 2010 – scientific anemia day.<br />