Presentation anemia

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anemia in teenage girls

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Presentation anemia

  1. 1. welcome<br />
  2. 2. Presentation on<br />ANEMIA<br />IN TEENAGE GIRLS<br />BY<br /> the students of IIIrd biochemistry.<br />Sreekrishna college guruvayur.<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
  5. 5. ANEMIA<br /><ul><li>Definition:
  6. 6. Decreased level of Hb in blood below reference level for age and sex with plasma level with abnormal value.</li></li></ul><li>
  7. 7. ANEMIA<br />Anemia is not a disease but a sign of some underlying disease.<br />
  8. 8. Normal Levels<br />
  9. 9. WHO Classification of Anemia <br />
  10. 10. Blood<br />the average human has 5 litres of blood<br />it is a transporting fluid<br />it carries vital substances to all parts of the body<br />
  11. 11. COMPONENTS OF BLOOD<br />COMPONENTS OF BLOOD<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Components of Whole Blood<br />Plasma(55% of whole blood)<br />WBC and platelets(<1% of whole blood)<br />Formed elements<br />Erythrocytes(45% of whole blood)<br />Withdraw blood and place in tube<br />Centrifuge<br />1<br />2<br />
  14. 14. Haemoglobin<br /><ul><li>gives red blood cells their colour
  15. 15. can carry up to 4 molecules of O2
  16. 16. associates and dissociates with O2
  17. 17. contains iron</li></li></ul><li> IRON ABSORPTION<br />
  18. 18. <ul><li>Essential for Hb formation.
  19. 19. Lack of anemia cause Fe deficiency anemia.
  20. 20. Vit c needs for iron abspn.</li></ul>IRON : AN ESSENTIAL ELEMENT<br /><ul><li>Essential for Hb formation.
  21. 21. Lack of anemia cause Fe deficiency anemia.
  22. 22. Vit c needs for iron abspn.</li></li></ul><li>IRON RICH FOODS<br />
  23. 23.
  24. 24. IRON RICH FOODS<br />SPINACH<br />
  25. 25. DRIED FRIUTS<br />
  26. 26. CEREALS<br />
  27. 27. EGG<br />
  28. 28. RED MEAT.<br />
  29. 29. CHOCOLATE<br />
  30. 30.
  31. 31.
  32. 32. SYMPTOMS<br />SYMPTOMS<br />
  33. 33. Symptoms<br />Irritability <br />Lack of Concentration <br />Fatigue <br />Infection <br />Palpitation<br />Weakness <br />Dizziness<br />
  34. 34. other symptoms:<br />HEADACHE<br />
  35. 35. HAIR LOSS<br />
  36. 36. WEAKNESS<br />
  37. 37. BRITTLE NAILS<br />
  38. 38. PALE SKIN<br />
  39. 39. DIFFICULTIES IN CONCENTRATE<br />
  40. 40. Worm Infestations<br /><ul><li>Common cause of anemia in developing countries
  41. 41. Most common – hookworm infestation, Round worm, whip worm, etc.
  42. 42. Oral iron therapy becomes ineffective </li></li></ul><li>ANEMIA: low erythrocytes<br />Hemorrhagic anemia<br />Hemolytic anemia<br /> Aplastic anemia<br />
  43. 43. Hemorrhagic anemia<br />result of acute or chronic loss of blood<br />
  44. 44. Hemolytic anemia<br /><ul><li>prematurely ruptured erythrocytes</li></li></ul><li>Aplastic anemia<br /><ul><li>destruction or inhibition of red bone marrow</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Thalassemia
  45. 45. Sickle-cell anemia</li></ul>Anemia: Abnormal Hemoglobin<br />
  46. 46. absent or faulty globin chain in hemoglobin <br />Erythrocytes are thin, delicate, and deficient in hemoglobin<br />Thalassemia<br />
  47. 47. Sickle-cell anemia<br />results from a defective gene<br />Codes for an abnormal hemoglobin called hemoglobinS (HbS)<br />This defect causes RBCs to become sickle-shaped in low oxygen situations<br />
  48. 48.
  49. 49. SICKLE CELL ANEMIA<br />
  50. 50. Anemia: Decreased Hemoglobin Content<br /><ul><li>Iron deficiency anemia
  51. 51. Pernicious anemia </li></li></ul><li>According to WHO,most common nutrient deficiency in world.<br />A secondary result of hemorrhagic anemia<br />Inadequate intake of iron-containing foods<br />Impaired iron absorption<br />Iron deficiency anemia<br />
  52. 52.
  53. 53. <ul><li>Deficiency of vitamin B12
  54. 54. Lack of intrinsic factor needed for absorption of B12
  55. 55. Treatment is intramuscular injection of B12</li></ul>Pernicious anemia <br />
  56. 56. ANAEMIA: Preventable, Yet a Problem!!<br />
  57. 57. Management Options <br />Treat the cause before conception<br />balanced diet, education and health support.<br />Build up iron stores during adolescent phase<br />
  58. 58. Bloodtransfusion<br />Parenteral<br />Oral Iron<br />Human Recombinant<br />Erythropoietin<br />Injectable Iron<br />Treatment<br />
  59. 59. Oral Iron Therapy <br />Ideal dose – 100mg per day (prophylactic)<br />Ferrous gluconate, ferrous fumarate, ferrous succinate, ferrous sulphate, ferrous ascorbate citrate<br />Rise in Hb – 0.8 gm / dl / week<br />Side effects -G I upset most common<br />
  60. 60. Diet Guide For Anemia<br /><ul><li>Increase your intake of iron
  61. 61. Iron from animal sources is more easily absorbed than iron from plant foods.
  62. 62. Vitamin C increases the uptake of iron, so add foods containing vitamin C (eg. orange juice, tomato salad)
  63. 63. Lack of vitamin B12 can contribute to anemia, intake of foods containing vitamin B12, such as beef, pork, eggs, cheese and milk.
  64. 64. Increase your intake of folate by adding these foods to your diet: green leafy vegetables, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, whole grains</li></li></ul><li>TheWorld Health Organisationstates…<br />‘transfusion should be prescribed ONLY for conditions for which there is NO OTHER TREATMENT’<br />
  65. 65. According to WHO:<br />1st may 2010 – scientific anemia day.<br />
  66. 66.
  67. 67. THANK YOU VERY MUCH<br />
  68. 68. PRESENTED BY :<br />IIIrd biochemistry students<br />Sreekrishna college guruvayur.<br />

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