Campbell For Cds Dvd[1]

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Monday, July 27
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Engaging Youth in Making Communities Better Places for Young People

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Campbell For Cds Dvd[1]

  1. 1. Engaging Youth in Making Communities Better Places for Young People University of California, Davis California Communities Program David Campbell Nancy Erbstein Melanie Moore Kubo James Fabionar Whitney Wilcox Lisceth Cruz Carrasco Community Development Society Conference David Campbell UC Davis Memphis, TN July 27, 2009
  2. 2. Overview  Describe the REACH Initiative  Characterize the Setting & Stakes  Ask: Why engage youth in community change?  Share key findings  Introduce Healthy Youth/Healthy Regions research project David Campbell UC Davis
  3. 3. REACH Initiative - Goal and Timeline  Sierra Health Foundation  $5 million to grantees in 7communities in the Sacramento region.  Three-year grant (2007-2010).  Goal: Youth and adults working together in communities to increase supports and opportunities for all youth. David Campbell UC Davis
  4. 4. REACH Initiative - Grantees Community Grantee/Host Agency El Dorado Hills Vision Coalition of El Dorado Hills Galt Galt Joint Union High School District Meadowview Sacramento Area Congregations Together (ACT) Rancho Cordova Cordova Community Collaborative South Sacramento Mutual Housing Association Sacramento West CommuniCare Health Center of West Sacramento Sacramento Woodland Yolo Family Resource Center David Campbell UC Davis
  5. 5. SETTING AND STAKES David Campbell UC Davis
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  9. 9. Education Funding California drops from 21st to 35th in the country in per- 21st student funding… 35th 1978 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2008 Education Funding ( om C pared to other states) Source: Sacramento ACT
  10. 10. Incarceration Rate … Per Capita Incarceration 689 Increases 5 times 137 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2008 California per Capita Incarceration Rate ( 100,000 residents) per Source: Sacramento ACT
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  12. 12. Population Size 2005 1,600,000 1,400,000 1,200,000 1,000,000 Population 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0 Amador ElDorado Nevada Placer Sacramento Solano Sutter Yolo Yuba Center for Regional Change UC Davis
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  14. 14. Population in Poverty, 2003 18 16 14 Percent of Individuals Living Below Poverty Level 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Amador ElDorado Nevada Placer Sacramento Solano Sutter Yolo Yuba Center for Regional Change UC Davis
  15. 15. Race Distribution 100% 90% 80% 70% HispPct 60% Percent per Category AsianPIPct 50% AIPct BlkPct 40% WhtPct 30% 20% 10% 0% Amador ElDorado Nevada Placer Sacramento Solano Sutter Yolo Yuba Center for Regional Change UC Davis
  16. 16. Median 100,000 90,000 Incomes in Zip 80,000 Code Areas 70,000 60,000 Served by 50,000 40,000 REACH 30,000 20,000 10,000 0 EDH GALT MDV RC SSAC WSAC WOOD David Campbell UC Davis
  17. 17. 35 Percent of 30 Families 25 Below Poverty 20 in Zip Code 15 Areas Served 10 by REACH 5 0 EDH GALT MDV RC SSAC WSAC WOOD David Campbell UC Davis
  18. 18. Percentage of 100 Four Racial/Ethnic 50 Groups in 0 Local Public EDH GALT MDV RC SSAC WSAC WOOD Schools White 84 4 46 46 5 32 50 23 14 36 39 40 36 56 Latino African-American 1 2 24 16 15 6 1 Asian- American 3 2 33 6 30 9 4 David Campbell UC Davis
  19. 19. REACH Goal  Youth and adults working together in communities to increase supports and opportunities for all youth. David Campbell UC Davis
  20. 20. What are some reasons we might want to engage youth in a community change effort?? What can they bring that is unique and valuable?? David Campbell UC Davis
  21. 21. Some Rationales for Engaging Youth in Change  To make a compelling case for investment to key decision-makers.  To tap their labor and energy to accomplish specific projects.  To model good youth development practice and offer some direct training to specific youth.  To tap critical knowledge and insights that contribute to community strategy development.  To mobilize their peers to promote important changes in youth practice.  To create a strategic constituency that can organize to change adult practice/policy. UC Davis David Campbell
  22. 22. REACH Theory of Change and our Evaluation Approach David Campbell UC Davis
  23. 23. Community Gambone Model Development Action Framework for Youth E C Improve Developmental Outcomes B• Learning to be productive • Learning to connect • Learning to navigate D Improve Long-Term Outcomes in Adulthood A • Economic self-sufficiency • Healthy family and social relationships • Community involvement Citation: Gambone, M.A., Klein, A.M. & Connell, J.P. (2002). Finding out What Matters for Youth; Testing Key Links in a Community Action Framework for Youth Development. Philadelphia: David Campbell UC Davis Youth Development Strategies, Inc., and Institute for Research and Reform in Education. c 2002 by Youth Development Strategies, Inc. and the Institute for Research and Reform in Education
  24. 24. Community Action Framework for Youth Development © Connell & Gambone 1998 Build Community Capacity and Conditions Improve Youth For Change (E) Developmental Outcomes (B) Increase Supports & Opportunities for Youth (C) Implement Community Improve Long- Strategies to Enhance Term Outcomes Supports & Opportunities In Adulthood (A) For Youth (D) © Youth Development Strategies, Inc. David Campbell UC Davis
  25. 25. Evaluation Design - Key Questions  Does REACH:  nurture viable coalitions and enhance community capacity to support youth development?  promote youth engagement as a strategy to enhance youth development outcomes?  increase meaningful supports and opportunities for youth in local communities?  enhance youth development outcomes?  suggest lessons for foundation practice and the broader field of community and youth development? David Campbell UC Davis
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  27. 27. The REACH Evaluation - Methods and Data  Methods  Qualitative design: semi-structured interviews, field observation, and review of key documents.  Data Points  Over a two-year period.  220 semi-structured interviews: 47 youth/173 adults  227 field observations  Review of REACH documents and literature David Campbell UC Davis
  28. 28. Key Preliminary Finding  No clear rationale articulating the link between youth engagement and community change.  The Gambone framework focuses on increasing/enhancing key developmental supports and opportunities for youth.  It does not speak to the notion of youth as mechanisms for community change. David Campbell UC Davis
  29. 29. Central Tension  Running a youth program versus focusing on a community change agenda.  Youth programs  Potential to divert resources from more direct actions of change.  Pursuing a change agenda  Require structures to work with youth “where they are.” David Campbell UC Davis
  30. 30. 3 General Approaches Adults Use to Engage Youth  Focus on deep relationships with youth.  Develop short-term, action oriented leadership and civic opportunities for youth.  Pursue community change agenda and engage youth to advance the plan. David Campbell UC Davis
  31. 31. EDH GALT MDV SSAC RC WSAC WOD Community X X X X X X service Service learning X X X Youth media and X X public art Youth X X X X X philanthropy Youth-led X X research Youth civic X X X X engagement Youth organizing X X Youth in X X governance David Campbell UC Davis
  32. 32. Deeper Trouble for Coalitions  Creating a strategic focus (r.t. doing lots of good things without clear goal)  Specific outcome target  Key partners at table  Rationale for youth engagement  Small set of headline indicators to track David Campbell UC Davis
  33. 33. Examples of strategic focus  Reducing drug and alcohol abuse  Decreasing high school dropout rate/increasing college matriculation rate  Reducing number of 18-24 year olds that are out-of-school and out-of-work David Campbell UC Davis
  34. 34. Organizational Form Matters  If goal is promoting community scale change, avoid funding orgs that run programs  Instead, fund existing or start-up collaborative, coalition, or community organizing group David Campbell UC Davis
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  40. 40. Next Steps  Healthy Youth, Healthy Regions Study  See: http://regionalchange.ucdavis.edu/  Spatial data mapping  Institutional network analysis  Youth voices for change David Campbell UC Davis
  41. 41. For More Information  REACH evaluation final report Nov. 2010 For information regarding the REACH initiative, visit: www.reachyouthprogram.org www.sierrahealth.org To view the REACH Interim Evaluation Report, visit: www.ccp.ucdavis.edu David Campbell UC Davis
  42. 42. How might you change your current practices to incorporate youth engagement?? David Campbell UC Davis

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