~ Cami Ryan ~  University of Saskatchewan         Flax Day“From Dialogue to Direction”      January 9, 2012
Funding through Saskatchewan Flax    Development Commission and    Canadian Agricultural Adaptation    Program (CAAP)     ...
Background of Genetically Modified    Flax (CDC Triffid) to 2001               Triffid)    The Re-emergence of GM Flax: 20...
Canada       China                US       India4      Source: FAO Stats
Plant with novel traits (PNT)    Developed in the late 80s at the Crop Development    Centre / U of S)    Value of Triffid...
Feed Approval                                                ?        Food                                                ...
Recall and crush organized       CDC Triffid transported/crushed/destroyed                          CDC Triffid deregister...
16K tonnes in quarantine July   Sept    Oct      Testing!!!!2009    2009   2009                                           ...
9
Source: Viju etal 201110
NPTII marker discovered          FP967 notification on RASFF              Launch of Stewardship Protocol11                ...
Seed sources, production and sales:       70% did not change seed sources       Of the 30% that did [check all that apply]...
Testing and Stewardship:        26,000 tests conducted on over 10,000 seed lots        0.0498% of seed lots tested positiv...
Testing and Stewardship:       Identified challenges: negative at origin does not       necessarily mean negative at desti...
Perceptions around issue management,     communication & access to information:       Who are the primary actors?:        ...
Flax and future production:       63% stated that they would likely grow flax again in       same or more quantities      ...
Time and other costs:       57% spent three hours or less on activities to manage on-                                     ...
Cost Category                              Notes     Demurrage/quarantine         $12,000,000 As of September 2010 (Ryan &...
“Market access battles will continue… A low level presence (LLP)     policy is needed… so that minute quantities of a GM c...
Costs difficult to quantify       Costs incurred on both sides of ‘the pond’ – EU and       Canada     Optimistically spea...
21
Thank you!Cami RyanDepartments of Plant Science &Bioresource Policy, Business andEconomicsUniversity of SaskatchewanTwitte...
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Exploring the social and economic costs of ero tolerance policy on the Canadian producer: the case of Triffid flax

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Exploring the social and economic costs of ero tolerance policy on the Canadian producer: the case of Triffid flax

  1. 1. ~ Cami Ryan ~ University of Saskatchewan Flax Day“From Dialogue to Direction” January 9, 2012
  2. 2. Funding through Saskatchewan Flax Development Commission and Canadian Agricultural Adaptation Program (CAAP) Grower Survey Document the impact of the Triffid Flax issue Administered to 8000 SaskFlax members n = 2722
  3. 3. Background of Genetically Modified Flax (CDC Triffid) to 2001 Triffid) The Re-emergence of GM Flax: 2009 – Re- 2011 Review of results from Flax Grower Survey Summary Thoughts…3
  4. 4. Canada China US India4 Source: FAO Stats
  5. 5. Plant with novel traits (PNT) Developed in the late 80s at the Crop Development Centre / U of S) Value of Triffid - environmental Tolerance to soil residues of sulfonylurea-based sulfonylurea- herbicides Cultivated the year after herbicide was used in fields Alternative to continuous cropping of wheat/barley and to summer-fallowing summer-5
  6. 6. Feed Approval ? Food Food/Feed1988 1989 1994 1996 1996/97 1997/98 1998
  7. 7. Recall and crush organized CDC Triffid transported/crushed/destroyed CDC Triffid deregistered2000 2001 7
  8. 8. 16K tonnes in quarantine July Sept Oct Testing!!!!2009 2009 2009 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. Source: Viju etal 201110
  11. 11. NPTII marker discovered FP967 notification on RASFF Launch of Stewardship Protocol11 Data Source: Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture (2011)
  12. 12. Seed sources, production and sales: 70% did not change seed sources Of the 30% that did [check all that apply]: Bought certified from another source: 74% Non longer used farm-saved seed: farm- 22% Used different farm-saved seed: farm- 14% 19% reported reduction in sales; of those, 83% indicated sales were reduced by 50% or more 74% sold to grain companies (2010/11) 78% of all respondents indicated that the practice of saving farm seed has become more important “I am worried that the right to use farm saved seed is being forced away from the producer. It is not a large corporation ‘right’ to be able to force these seed issues.”12
  13. 13. Testing and Stewardship: 26,000 tests conducted on over 10,000 seed lots 0.0498% of seed lots tested positive for Triffid Widespread, very low-level presence low- “I think the testing for Triffid is way over-priced and inaccurate. I have sent over- flax samples from the same lot twice and received two results: one negative and one positive.” Map generated by M. St. Louis; Data sourced from Flax Council of Canada13
  14. 14. Testing and Stewardship: Identified challenges: negative at origin does not necessarily mean negative at destination No guarantees: “I don’t see the need to have flax tested in the fall for sale then the same seed tested in the spring for seeding. That’s a total rip-off in my opinion.” rip- • Testing costs: 55% - $500 or less; 29% - $500 to 999$ range; 11% - over $1000 Test results: “[The grain company] didn’t even ask to see test results – I think that we have tested enough.”14
  15. 15. Perceptions around issue management, communication & access to information: Who are the primary actors?: differentiated results Key sources for info? Western Producer and SaskFlax Newsletter 73% stated that there was adequate to more than adequate amount of info 5% stated ‘not acceptable at all’15
  16. 16. Flax and future production: 63% stated that they would likely grow flax again in same or more quantities 23% would continue to grow flax, but less of it 9% stated that they would abandon it altogether Market volatility huge detractor “We will only grow flax when the Triffid issue is gone and when no testing is required before delivery. Testing is time consuming, costly and a big hassle.”16
  17. 17. Time and other costs: 57% spent three hours or less on activities to manage on- on- farm Triffid issues 17% spent three to eight 25% spent a day or more Carry- Carry-over costs: ‘prefer not to answer’ “I feel like whoever introduced Triffid flax into the production system should be responsible for compensating farmers for the cost & problems incurred in production and marketing.” “Growers did not cause this mess but have been told to clean it up! [Expletive] ridiculous!.”17
  18. 18. Cost Category Notes Demurrage/quarantine $12,000,000 As of September 2010 (Ryan & Smyth 2011) Testing costs $3,900,000 2009 to 2011 (Ryan & Smyth 2011) Cost of segregation, other $13,185,217 2009 to 2011 (Dayananda 2011) costs for breeders, certified seed suppliers, producers, grain companies, AAFC & SaskFlax Total Estimated Costs $29,085,21718
  19. 19. “Market access battles will continue… A low level presence (LLP) policy is needed… so that minute quantities of a GM crop can’t be a barrier to trade…” Kevin Hursh, Dec/201119
  20. 20. Costs difficult to quantify Costs incurred on both sides of ‘the pond’ – EU and Canada Optimistically speaking… Flax prices have increased China bought up stocks during crisis Mind you… Russia and the Ukraine have increased production / lost market share for Canada Canada still needs to test / costly20
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. Thank you!Cami RyanDepartments of Plant Science &Bioresource Policy, Business andEconomicsUniversity of SaskatchewanTwitter me @DocCamiRyan @DocCamiRyanBlog: http://doccami.posterous.com/Acknowledgements:Linda Braun, SaskFlaxWill Hill, Flax Council of CanadaGordon Rowland, Helen Booker, EricLamb, Mike St. Louis, Stuart Smyth – Uof S 22

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