Sikkim Earthquake 18TH September 2011            Situation Report      Corporate Disaster Resource Network                ...
Background :An earthquake of magnitude 6.8 occurred on 18th September at 18:11 hrs IST in Sikkim-NepalBorder region. The p...
The event, which comes under the category of “Moderate earthquake”, was also reported andwidely felt in Sikkim, Assam, Meg...
Assessment Done by Corporate Disaster Resource Network (CDRN)After the devastating earthquake of 6.8 M lifeline infrastruc...
Assessment done in the following affected areas to found out major needs :-  Affected Area    Number of Families Affected ...
During the assessment it has been found out that majority of the houses are damaged in the affectedregions and almost all ...
CDRN Response to Sikkim EarthquakeImmediately after the tragedy the CDRN emergency unit, contacted NDMAand NationalDisaste...
CDRN and SPARK team visited the majorly affected area of MachaDikchu,ToongandShipgyerwhereclean drinking water was a major...
Building a FutureMore than two weeks after the tragedy, rehabilitation is a key priority. According to estimates,80% of th...
The Scheduled Caste Girls’ Hostel of Sikkim Government College, situated in Gairigaon, Tadong, hasdeveloped numerous crack...
In CDRN ‘s continuous efforts to bring back to normalcy those affected by the Sikkim Earthquake, werequire below mentioned...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Sikkim Earthquake Situation Report 2011 cdrn

4,165 views

Published on

After the devastating earthquake of 6.8 M lifeline infrastructure was destroyed including
hospitals, bus terminals, radio station transmitter, telephone exchange and mobile-phone towers bringing life to standstill in Sikkim.

Immediately after the catastrophic event CDRN emergency unit, contacted NDMA ,National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) ,SPARK NGO , FOSEP and many Sikkim based NGO’s working on ground in the affected areas for first hand information on critical needs.

CDRN team comprising SandeepKashyap with local implementation partner ParveenPradhan,SheetalPradhan of SPARK and Deepak Kumar All India Radio Correspondent

Published in: Technology, Travel
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,165
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
92
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Sikkim Earthquake Situation Report 2011 cdrn

  1. 1. Sikkim Earthquake 18TH September 2011 Situation Report Corporate Disaster Resource Network www.cdrn.org.in
  2. 2. Background :An earthquake of magnitude 6.8 occurred on 18th September at 18:11 hrs IST in Sikkim-NepalBorder region. The preliminary hypo-central parameters of this earthquake, as estimated by theSeismic Monitoring Network of India Meteorological Department (IMD) are given below:Date of occurrence : 18/09/2011Time : 18:11 hrs (IST)Magnitude : 6.8Focal depth : 10 KmEpicentreLatitude &Longitude : 27.7o N & 88.2o ERegion : Sikkim-Nepal Border region.Source :- Indian Meteorological Department http://www.imd.gov.in/section/nhac/dynamic/eq.pdf After earthquake devastation in majorly affected areas of Dikchu ,Singtam,Mangan and Ship Gyer
  3. 3. The event, which comes under the category of “Moderate earthquake”, was also reported andwidely felt in Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, northern parts of West Bengal, Bihar,parts of other easternand northern regions of India. The epicentre lies in a seismically known and active belt called, Alpide-Himalayan seismic belt. The main shock was followed by several aftershocks of low intensity and afew significant aftershocks (M≥4.0) located by the network.Many areas in the region like Mangan ,Dikchu, Lachung , Chungthang were majorly destroyed and stillareas like Lachung and Chungthang remains disconnected from rest of the world .The houses have developed cracks , base of the houses have completely shaken and cracks haveappeared on almost all the houses in the affected areas , which have make them inhabitable to live inand there is a immediate need for them to be relocated to a different location and houses.For consolidated reports, updates and pictures please visit the following sites:  CDRN Himalayan Earthquake Blog  CDRN Picassa Album  CDRN Inkind& Disaster Information System  NDMA Updates on Sikkim Earthquake  Press Information Bureau Updates on Sikkim Earthquake
  4. 4. Assessment Done by Corporate Disaster Resource Network (CDRN)After the devastating earthquake of 6.8 M lifeline infrastructure was destroyed includinghospitals, bus terminals, radio station transmitter, telephone exchange and mobile-phone towersbringing life to standstill in Sikkim.Immediately after the catastrophic event CDRN emergency unit, contacted NDMA ,National DisasterResponse Force (NDRF) ,SPARK NGO , FOSEP and many Sikkim based NGO’s working on ground in theaffected areas for first hand information on critical needs.CDRN team comprising SandeepKashyap with local implementation partnerParveenPradhan,SheetalPradhan of SPARK and Deepak Kumar All India Radio Correspondent , went tothe following affected areas to assess the first hand information on critical needs required by theearthquake victims :- 1. Shanti Nagar , Singtam 2. Topakhani Relief Camp , Sikkim 3. Macha 4. Dikchu 5. Mangan 6. Sangalaan 7. Toong 8. Ship Gyer 9. Dzongu 10. ParkhaCDRN was one of the first NGO to go to the majorly affected area of Ship Gyer .CDRN team trekkeddown to reach the affected villages as the roads were still not open and assessed the needs for 900individuals who were living in the two villages of Ship and Gyer
  5. 5. Assessment done in the following affected areas to found out major needs :- Affected Area Number of Families Affected Number of Houses Damaged Requirement Singtam Tarpaulin Sheets Water Purifiers 29 29 House Partially Damaged 1. Topakhani Jerry Cans Mosquito Nets 5 lakhs Financial Aid to Demolish 2 Houses 3 Completely Damaged and Pre Fabricated Homes or 2. Shanti Nagar 23 19 Partially Damaged FRP Sheets Mosquito Nets 3 Tents Dikchu Jerry Cans Solar Lanterns 2 Completely Damaged Mattresses Lower Rakdong 22Partially Damaged East Sikkim Tarpaulin Sheets Pre Fabricated Homes or 24 FRP Sheets Pre Fabricated Homes or FRP Sheets Upper Rakdong 21 21 Partially Damaged Solar Lanterns North Sikkim Torches With Batteries Bed Sheets 4 Fully Damaged Pre Fabricated Homes or Mangan 34 30 Partially Damaged with FRP Sheets Inhabitable conditions Blankets Pre Fabricated Homes or FRP Sheets 11 Kucha Houses of Toong 11 Labourers Fully Damaged Blankets Mattresses Rice 25 Fully Damaged rest are Pre Fabricated Homes or partially damaged as around FRP Sheets Shipgyer 142 50 are kucha houses in the village Dry Ration
  6. 6. During the assessment it has been found out that majority of the houses are damaged in the affectedregions and almost all the houses have developed cracks at the bases of the house which have makethese houses very prone to damage, even in the occurrence of a small magnitude earthquake .This canlead to even far more deaths and devastation in the future.There is an immediate need to meet requirements for prefabricated and earthquake prone homes tosave lots of lives and properties in the occurrence of a catastrophic event . Houses in Singtam, Mangan and Dikchu where deep cracks have appeared, making them inhabitable
  7. 7. CDRN Response to Sikkim EarthquakeImmediately after the tragedy the CDRN emergency unit, contacted NDMAand NationalDisaster Response Force (NDRF) for first hand information on critical needs.Devastating earthquake of 18th September lead to the destruction of lots of safe drinking watersources in the region .Majority of the population in the affected areas rely on the water streams andwater falls, which have become muddy due to landslides and affected the mainstream water source ofthe people. Clean drinkingwater for the survivors was urgently required.CDRN Quickly assessed the situation and transferred 64,000 thousand water purification tabletsprepositioned for disasters by Medentech under the brand name Aquatabs .SPARK and FOSEP in Sikkim were contacted to assess the immediate local needs.CDRN and SPARKemergency units went to the affected regions and distributed the water purification tablets to theaffected communities .CDRN teammet the Deputy Commissioner, of Mangan area to integrate with ongoing initiatives of theGovernment and to coordinate with all stakeholders.CDRN team held a meeting with Parliament Secretary of Sikkim Mr AM Sharma who is also lookingafter Disaster Management . He highlighted that construction of new houses with earthquake proofmaterial and guidelines should be taken on utmost priority and efforts should need to be taken tobuild a state disaster management authority in Sikkim for effective disaster management.CDRN team with Mr AL Sharma’s relief team distributed 10000 water purification tablets to ShantiNagar and Topakhani relief camps in Singtam area to 51 families.CDRN and SPARK teams meeting with CDRN Team meeting with Deputy CommissionerMr AL Sharma Parliament Mangan for relief coordination and assessmentSecretary Disaster ManagementSikkim Government
  8. 8. CDRN and SPARK team visited the majorly affected area of MachaDikchu,ToongandShipgyerwhereclean drinking water was a major requirement . CDRN provided the local NGO Dikchu Youth WelfareAssociationwith 5000 water purification tablets and gave the demonstration to the affected people onthe usage of water purification tablets also provided 1000 water purification tablets to 11 affectedfamilies in Toong and 8000 water purification tablets to 142 affected families of Shipgyer .CDRN team also visited the NDRF 2ndBattalion medical camp to and gave 3000 Medentechwaterpurification tablets to the medical staff. CDRN Team Conducted Training on Proper Usage of AquatabWater Purification TabletsCDRN Team giving demonstration on the usage CDRN Team at NDRF Medical Camp Manganof water purification tablets at handing over Water Purification TabletsDikchu Relief Camp to the NDRF medical staff CDRN Team giving demonstration on usage of water purification tablets at Shanti nagar Relief Camp , Singtam
  9. 9. Building a FutureMore than two weeks after the tragedy, rehabilitation is a key priority. According to estimates,80% of the infrastructure in Sikkim has been affected by the earthquakeand requires immediateattention to have ongoing safety and future focus for Disaster Risk Reduction with a key focus onstructural integrityof infrastructure.Impact on Livelihood :The earthquakes impact on lives and livelihoods appears to have been more severe on the most rural,agricultural and remote areas of Sikkim like in Mangan , Dikchu ,Shipgyer , Lachun , Chungthang etc.The four professions that were most affected by the disaster, in terms of income, included farmlabourers, non-farm labourers ,farmers and factory workers .Most of the farms in Sikkim are stepfarms on hills are destroyed due to landslides and earthquake cracks . The shop buildings and smallagro industries near Gangtok and Singtam are shut down for repair or to demolish the building, whichis severely affecting the lives of the victims.A significant number of households had shifted to living on earthquake-related compensation benefitsas they don’t have any work to do now .There is a critical need to support livelihoods and provide for the affected communities of theSikkim Earthquake.Earthquake Impact on School and College Buildings :As per the CDRN team’s assessment , school and educational buildings have suffered extensivedamage. Around 23 school buildings are completely damaged .Sikkim Government has ordered all theschool colleges to remain close till 10th October 2011.The Primary and Secondary schools in Singtam have developed deep cracks in the building’s base andwalls , because of which the school have been shut down. Secondary School in Dalachand in NorthSikkim also damaged and wall has been destroyed .JNA School in Gangtok and Namgayal Academy is also severely affected .The Sikkim University boys’hostel located near Smile Land, Marchak, which houses around 60 students, has also suffered severedamage.Most of the schools are shut down in the region , and no other provisions are made for the properrunning of schools, which is hampering the studies of students when there annual examinations areonly 1 and half months away.
  10. 10. The Scheduled Caste Girls’ Hostel of Sikkim Government College, situated in Gairigaon, Tadong, hasdeveloped numerous cracks mostly on the second and third floor of the building.Ship KunzangCholing and RinghimGompa Monastery which acts a education centre point for manyfamilies and remotely located villages is severely affected and roads are completely damaged to reachthe monastery , affecting severely the studies of children.There is an immediate need for the affected children of the Sikkim Earthquake to have a safeenvironment to be educated where infrastructure has been affected. Shipgyer Monastery with deep cracks RinghimGompa which is completely destroyedImpact on Health Centres :The devastating earthquake destroyed 30 Hospital buildings in Sikkim. Following is the break up ofdestroyed Hospital Buildings in the affected regions :- District No of Hospitals Damaged North Sikkim 7 Fully Damaged East 23 Fully Damaged West Sikkim Not Reported South Sikkim Not ReportedSource :- Microfinance Monitor http://www.microfinancemonitor.com/2011/09/23/sikkim-earthquake-2011-update-as-of-1-p-m-friday/Most of the Sikkim Government Medical and Para Medical Staff is stationed in the far-flung areas inLachung , Shipgyer , Toong and in North Sikkim , leaving behind the Mangan and nearby areas withless number of Medical Staff. NDRF teams come in to fill the void for medical staff and createdmedical camps in Mangan and nearby areas to serve the earthquake victims.
  11. 11. In CDRN ‘s continuous efforts to bring back to normalcy those affected by the Sikkim Earthquake, werequire below mentioned products as people start moving back to their native villages from reliefcamps and government buildings . With winter just two months away, construction ofsafe newsettlements before winters are a big challenge.  Pre Fabricated Homes and FRP Sheets  Revival of make shifts schools for children  Psycho social support for survivors  Food items like Rice ,Chidwa and Pulses  Solar Lanterns  Water Purifiers Please contribute to rebuild the lives of Sikkim Earthquake VictimsContact CDRN Team At :-Communications@cdrn.org.inContact Number : 011 65422890,46767758B5/6 , 4599VasantKunjNew Delhi -110070Contact CDRN On Social Media At :

×