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British History &
Heritage
1485-now

http://www.enjoyengland.com/Things-to-do/Historic-England/
Tudor England (1485 to 1603)
The Tudors
merchant class & colonialism
http://britishempire.co.uk/timeline/16century.htm
Hen...
Tudor England - 2
Crisis in the Tudor Dynasty – 3 children from Henry VIII
Reformation and Counter Reformation
Edward VI 1...
Nicholas Hilliard

https://www.artfinder.com/work/portrait-of-queen-elizabeth-i-nicholas-hilliard-1/in

20/10/13

4
Early Stuarts
James I of England, Scotland and Ireland (1603-1625)
1605 : Gunpowder Plot
Guy Fawkes
Puritans
Charles I (16...
the English Civil War
English Civil War (1642-1646)
Oliver Cromwell - New Model Army.
1644: Battle of Marston Moor
The Par...
Stuart England 2
1649-60: Commonwealth
1653-58: Protectorate under Cromwell - Radical
protestantism
1658: Cromwell dies

W...
Stuart England
1660: the Restoration
1665: Great Plague
1666: Great Fire in London
Wren / St. Paul’s totally rebuilt after...
English Commercial influence - 1625

Britain = from 1707 - period of 1497 to 1707 = English Empire - although Wales was pa...
1713 Treaty of Utrecht

http://britishempire.co.uk/timeline/18century.htm
20/10/13

10
Georgian England (1714-1837) - 1
Georgian England 1 (1714-1760)
1714-27
1727-60
1753
1755-63

George I
.
.
.

20/10/13

11
Georgian England - 2
Georgian England 2 (1760-1837)
1760-1820
1793-1815

George III
.

Early industrial revolution & socia...
Country houses & landscape
Gardens
revolution in art and architecture: age of the grand country house
landscape gardens
Ca...
XVIIIth c. portrait & caricature painting

In 1743–1745 William Hogarth
six pictures of
Marriage à-la-mode
National Galler...
Victorian Times (Queen Victoria 1837-1901)
But difficult start:
The Chartist movement 1839The Anti Corn Law League
The Cri...
The Great Exhibition,
1851
Victoria's consort, Prince Albert
The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of
All Nations
...
20/10/13

17
Late Victorian England
A tale of Two Prime Ministers
Gladstone and Disraeli
The Irish Question
Legal reform proceeded slow...
North England: WHC listed

Ironbridge

Saltaire

20/10/13

19
Arts & Architecture
Gothic revival
new Palace of Westminster, 18371867, Charles Barry
http://www.vam.ac.uk/page/g/gothi
c-...
Colonial past
Areas of the world that were at one time part of the British Empire

20/10/13

21
British Empire 1915

20/10/13

22
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4.hcp.uk.2013

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4.hcp.uk.2013

  1. 1. British History & Heritage 1485-now http://www.enjoyengland.com/Things-to-do/Historic-England/
  2. 2. Tudor England (1485 to 1603) The Tudors merchant class & colonialism http://britishempire.co.uk/timeline/16century.htm Henry VII 1485 – 1509 1497: John Calbot discovers North America Henry VIII 1509 – 1547 (large navy) 1513 : English defeat the Scots 1529-1540 English Reformation 1534: Henry VIII forms Church of England 1536: Act of Union joining England & Wales by and from and Hans Holbein, the Younger Around 1497-1543 20/10/13 2
  3. 3. Tudor England - 2 Crisis in the Tudor Dynasty – 3 children from Henry VIII Reformation and Counter Reformation Edward VI 1547 – 1553 (9-15 years old – died) (Lady Jane Grey 1553 – 1553 (17 years old - 9 days - executed) Mary I (Tudor) 1553 – 1558 Elizabeth I 1558 – 1603 / Elizabethan Times 1570: Sir Francis Drake discovers West Indies 1588: Spanish Armada 1600: East India Company Stratford upon Avon William Shakespeare’s birthplace (1st play: 1591) 20/10/13 3
  4. 4. Nicholas Hilliard https://www.artfinder.com/work/portrait-of-queen-elizabeth-i-nicholas-hilliard-1/in 20/10/13 4
  5. 5. Early Stuarts James I of England, Scotland and Ireland (1603-1625) 1605 : Gunpowder Plot Guy Fawkes Puritans Charles I (1625-49) Petition of Right in 1628 Coffee houses 1629 : Charles dissolves Parliament - 11 years. 1634: Ship Money 1640 : Short Parliament Long Parliament, -> l 1660 20/10/13 5
  6. 6. the English Civil War English Civil War (1642-1646) Oliver Cromwell - New Model Army. 1644: Battle of Marston Moor The Parliamentary cause became increasingly entangled with extreme radical Protestantism 1645: Battle of Naseby 1646: Battle of Stow-on-the-Wold 1949: death of Charles 20/10/13 6
  7. 7. Stuart England 2 1649-60: Commonwealth 1653-58: Protectorate under Cromwell - Radical protestantism 1658: Cromwell dies Whitehall Palace from the River Thames by Wenceslaus Hollar, c1650, showing the Banqueting House and, to its right, the Tudor great hall. http://www.hrp.org.uk/BanquetingHouse/ By Robert Walker, 1649; National Gallery 20/10/13 7
  8. 8. Stuart England 1660: the Restoration 1665: Great Plague 1666: Great Fire in London Wren / St. Paul’s totally rebuilt after the fire Changes in Government. Under Charles II 1678 : Popish Plot 1679: Habeus Corpus Act 17th century 20/10/13 8
  9. 9. English Commercial influence - 1625 Britain = from 1707 - period of 1497 to 1707 = English Empire - although Wales was part of it 20/10/13 http://britishempire.co.uk/timeline/17century.htm 9
  10. 10. 1713 Treaty of Utrecht http://britishempire.co.uk/timeline/18century.htm 20/10/13 10
  11. 11. Georgian England (1714-1837) - 1 Georgian England 1 (1714-1760) 1714-27 1727-60 1753 1755-63 George I . . . 20/10/13 11
  12. 12. Georgian England - 2 Georgian England 2 (1760-1837) 1760-1820 1793-1815 George III . Early industrial revolution & social unrest (luddite protest) 1815, 1828 Corn Laws 1829 Catholic emancipation bill 1830-37 William IV http://britishempire.co.uk/timeline/18century.htm http://britishempire.co.uk/media/biography/madnessofkinggeorge.htm 20/10/13 12
  13. 13. Country houses & landscape Gardens revolution in art and architecture: age of the grand country house landscape gardens Castle Howard, Stowe (Lord Cobham). Lancelot Brown: "Capability" Brown Country house = a mansion Harewood house, Yorkshire Stourhead (Henry Hoare, 1741) (between Bristol & Bournemouth) 20/10/13 13
  14. 14. XVIIIth c. portrait & caricature painting In 1743–1745 William Hogarth six pictures of Marriage à-la-mode National Gallery, London Mr and Mrs Andrews, Thomas Gainsborough, about 1750 Leading portraitists: Thomas Gainsborough; Sir Joshua Reynolds, founder of the Royal Academy of Arts; George Romney Joseph Wright of Derby well known for his minute candlelight pictures, George Stubbs for his animal paintings. 14 http://nationalgallery.org.uk/paintings/explore-the-paintings/3020/10/13 highlight-paintings
  15. 15. Victorian Times (Queen Victoria 1837-1901) But difficult start: The Chartist movement 1839The Anti Corn Law League The Crimean War (1854) The Chartist movement The Indian Mutiny (1857) LEGACY Expansion of British Empire 1876 Empress of India Victorian values 20/10/13 15
  16. 16. The Great Exhibition, 1851 Victoria's consort, Prince Albert The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations Hyde Park showpiece: Crystal Palace (architect: Joseph Paxton) 1848 feet long and 408 wide, enclosing 772,784 square feet (19 acres) area six times that of St. Paul’s structure : 4000 tons of iron, 900,000 feet of glass 202 miles of sash bars 17,000 exhibitors 6 million visitors 20/10/13 16
  17. 17. 20/10/13 17
  18. 18. Late Victorian England A tale of Two Prime Ministers Gladstone and Disraeli The Irish Question Legal reform proceeded slowly Ballot Act of 1872 Victorian literature Urbanization & Industrial Revolution British pop 1801 16M -> 1901 40 M. – urbanisation Over London by rails Gustave Doré 1870 Seaside Resorts: Blackpool and Brighton The new aristocracy 20/10/13 18
  19. 19. North England: WHC listed Ironbridge Saltaire 20/10/13 19
  20. 20. Arts & Architecture Gothic revival new Palace of Westminster, 18371867, Charles Barry http://www.vam.ac.uk/page/g/gothi c-revival Arts and Crafts movement http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articl es/t/the-arts-and-crafts-movement/ New Raphaelites http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/p aintings/glossary/pre-raphaelite http://www.tate.org.uk/whats-on/tatebritain/exhibition/pre-raphaelitesvictorian-avant-garde 20/10/13 20
  21. 21. Colonial past Areas of the world that were at one time part of the British Empire 20/10/13 21
  22. 22. British Empire 1915 20/10/13 22

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