+

The Relationship Between Extroversion-Introversion
English Proficiency Among English Major Students

and

Presenter: Mi...
+

Contents
Introduction

Literature Review
Methodology
2
Introduction
Background

+

Purpose
Research questions
Significance of the study

3
Background
The classroom in Taiwan where English is learned as a
foreign language (EFL), with the amount of
approximately ...
Background
Good
Extroverts = English
Proficiency
Outgoing
Open-minded

Shy
Quiet

talkative

Non-talkative

Sociable

Unso...
Purpose

The purpose of this study attempts to probe
into the relationship between extroversionintroversion and students’ ...
Research questions
Q1:
Do extroverts perform better on their TOEIC tests than
introverts?
Q2:
Do the extroverts and introv...
Significance of the study

To provide an “empirical research” into the
scarcity of information on Taiwanese English
major ...
Literature Review
Personality
Personality Types

+

The Notion of Extroversion and Introversion
Extroverted-introverted an...
Personality
 Personality is the type of person you are, which is shown

by the way you behave, feel and think.

(Sharma, ...
Personality types

This trait includes
characteristics such as:
excitability
sociability
talkativeness
assertiveness
expre...
The notion of extroversion and introversion

Extroverts are always regarded as “life of the party”
person; in contrast, in...
Extroverted-introverted and language proficiency

Many

second language acquisition (SLA) theorists
claimed that extrover...
Extroverted-introverted and language learning strategies

Horwitz points out language learners are individuals

approachi...
Extroverted-introverted and language learning strategies
The Summary of Correlations Among the Overall Six Categories of S...
Extroverted-introverted, LLSs and language proficiency

• Since 1990s, there has been a growing interest on how

personali...
Extroverted-introverted, LLSs and language proficiency
Influences of Language Learning

Skehan has clarified the relations...
Research Gap

Even there were some researchers focused on
students’ English proficiency and extroversionintroversion facto...
Methodology
The research design

+

Participants and Instrumentations
Procedure
Data analysis
Questionnaire example
19
The research design

Quantitative study
20
Methodology

21
Statistical methods

22
Procedure
1

2

3

6

5

4

23
Participants for pilot study
1A

2A

3A

4A

1B

2B

3B

4B

Junior

Senior

Freshman

Sophomore

?

24
Procedure of giving out questionnaires

25
questionnaires

學習英語

年

請問你認為自己屬於 : □ 外向性格 □內向性格
最常使用什麼方式學習英文(單選)
□ 英文書籍(雜誌…) □收音機( ICRT ) □電影、外國影集 □其他
英語證照
四技入學統測英語成績__...
Part 2: 語言學習策略問卷 (Fazeli, 2012)

27
Part 3: 艾森克內外向人格問卷量表 (Chien, Wu, Chu, & Chang, 2000)

28
+

Thank you for listening.

29
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  • When it comes to personality types especially extroversion and its counterpart introversion, people always think that extroversion are outgoing, open-minded, talkative and sociable while introversion are shy, quiet, non-talkative and unsociable. Extroverts with these personality characteristics are more willing to try new things and learn from mistakes. That’s why people think that extroverts have better English proficiency because of their attempts, which is so called a stereotype.
  • This trait includes characteristics such as excitability, sociability, talkativeness, assertiveness and high amounts of emotional expressiveness.
  • , e.g., teachers always admire the talkative, outgoing students who participates freely in class discussions, rather than introverts who are sometimes thought of not being smart.
  • It is to say that LLS play an important role to assist language learning.
  • Use t-test to test both extroverts and introverts Mean deviation 平均差異
  • Use t-test to test both extroverts and introverts Mean deviation 平均差異
  • There’re 8 classes in the department of applied foreign languages.
    Only one class will be picked randomly.
  • 93 items 問卷信效度??? Information?
    对于一个心理测量量表,其效度证据可以来自多方面,但最根本的是结构效度。如果量表是基于已有的理论模型,验证其结构效度最常用的方法是实证性因素分析。根据我们约120万份样本数据分析,样本数据和理论模型拟合良好(AGFI和NNFI分别为0.978和0.997)。
    (statisticals)
    GFI(goodness-of-fit index)及AGFI(adjusted GFI):兩者均是契合度指標,GFI與AGFI愈接近1,表示模型契合度越高,一般以.90為界限。
    NFI(normed fit index)與NNFI(non-normed fit index):這兩種指標是利用比較原理所計算出來的相對性指標,指標愈接近1,表示模型契合度越高,一般以.90為界限。
  • 93 items 問卷信效度??? Information?
    对于一个心理测量量表,其效度证据可以来自多方面,但最根本的是结构效度。如果量表是基于已有的理论模型,验证其结构效度最常用的方法是实证性因素分析。根据我们约120万份样本数据分析,样本数据和理论模型拟合良好(AGFI和NNFI分别为0.978和0.997)。
    (statisticals)
    GFI(goodness-of-fit index)及AGFI(adjusted GFI):兩者均是契合度指標,GFI與AGFI愈接近1,表示模型契合度越高,一般以.90為界限。
    NFI(normed fit index)與NNFI(non-normed fit index):這兩種指標是利用比較原理所計算出來的相對性指標,指標愈接近1,表示模型契合度越高,一般以.90為界限。
  • 93 items 問卷信效度??? Information?
    对于一个心理测量量表,其效度证据可以来自多方面,但最根本的是结构效度。如果量表是基于已有的理论模型,验证其结构效度最常用的方法是实证性因素分析。根据我们约120万份样本数据分析,样本数据和理论模型拟合良好(AGFI和NNFI分别为0.978和0.997)。
    (statisticals)
    GFI(goodness-of-fit index)及AGFI(adjusted GFI):兩者均是契合度指標,GFI與AGFI愈接近1,表示模型契合度越高,一般以.90為界限。
    NFI(normed fit index)與NNFI(non-normed fit index):這兩種指標是利用比較原理所計算出來的相對性指標,指標愈接近1,表示模型契合度越高,一般以.90為界限。
  • Patty proposal defense

    1. 1. + The Relationship Between Extroversion-Introversion English Proficiency Among English Major Students and Presenter: Minyeh Tsai Advisor: Dr. Wangching Chen Date: 2013/12/ 30
    2. 2. + Contents Introduction Literature Review Methodology 2
    3. 3. Introduction Background + Purpose Research questions Significance of the study 3
    4. 4. Background The classroom in Taiwan where English is learned as a foreign language (EFL), with the amount of approximately 45 students and only one teacher, it is not easy for teachers to notice the relationship between every student’s personality type and their English proficiency. 4
    5. 5. Background Good Extroverts = English Proficiency Outgoing Open-minded Shy Quiet talkative Non-talkative Sociable Unsociable Stereotype 5
    6. 6. Purpose The purpose of this study attempts to probe into the relationship between extroversionintroversion and students’ English proficiency in Taiwan. E I 6
    7. 7. Research questions Q1: Do extroverts perform better on their TOEIC tests than introverts? Q2: Do the extroverts and introverts use similar learning strategies when learning a second language? Q3: What are the relationship among extroversionintroversion personality, learning strategy and English proficiency? 7
    8. 8. Significance of the study To provide an “empirical research” into the scarcity of information on Taiwanese English major students’ individual differences and their English proficiency 8
    9. 9. Literature Review Personality Personality Types + The Notion of Extroversion and Introversion Extroverted-introverted and Language Proficiency Extroverted-introverted and LLSs Extroverted-introverted, LLSs and Language Proficiency 9
    10. 10. Personality  Personality is the type of person you are, which is shown by the way you behave, feel and think. (Sharma, 2008) Personality is defined as the sum total of our mental, emotional, social and physical characteristics that distinguishes us from others. They are what make us the unique person we are. 10 (Yusoff, Rahim, &
    11. 11. Personality types This trait includes characteristics such as: excitability sociability talkativeness assertiveness expressiveness (Fiske et al., 1949) 11
    12. 12. The notion of extroversion and introversion Extroverts are always regarded as “life of the party” person; in contrast, introverts are thought of as quite and reserved, with tendencies toward reclusiveness. Unfortunately, these stereotypes have influenced teacher’s perceptions of students. (Brown, 1994) 12
    13. 13. Extroverted-introverted and language proficiency Many second language acquisition (SLA) theorists claimed that extroverts are the better language learners. (Shahila & Meenakshi, 2012) Introverts actually have higher English proficiency than the extroverted learners, which is not what she expected. (Busch, 1982) 13
    14. 14. Extroverted-introverted and language learning strategies Horwitz points out language learners are individuals approaching language learning in their own unique way. (Horwitz, 1999) The field of Language Learning Strategies (LLSs) certainly becomes important element that affect one’s learning. (Ehraman & Oxford, 1990) 14
    15. 15. Extroverted-introverted and language learning strategies The Summary of Correlations Among the Overall Six Categories of Strategy Use and Extroversion Trait MEM. MET. Pearson Correlation .261** .089 .042 .166* .022 .168* Sig. (2-tailed) .000 .195 .538 .015 .747 .014 N Extroversion COG. COM. AFF. SOC. 213 213 213 213 213 213 Fazeli discovered only three LLSs, which are Memory Strategy, Metacognitive Strategy and Social Language Learning Strategy were significant correlated with the extroversion trait. (Fazeli, 2012) 15
    16. 16. Extroverted-introverted, LLSs and language proficiency • Since 1990s, there has been a growing interest on how personality correlates to the academic performance. (Fazeli, 2012) • Individuals are characterized by a unique pattern of traits, and some studies show successful language learners choose strategies suit to their personalities. (Oxford & Nyikos, 1989) 16
    17. 17. Extroverted-introverted, LLSs and language proficiency Influences of Language Learning Skehan has clarified the relationship among factors influencing language-learning outcome and underlines the pivotal role of personality trait, learning strategies certainly becomes one of the essential variables in an intermediate position. (Skehan, 1991) 17
    18. 18. Research Gap Even there were some researchers focused on students’ English proficiency and extroversionintroversion factors, e.g., Busch’s study; still, there were very few research conducted in Asian, especially in Taiwan. 18
    19. 19. Methodology The research design + Participants and Instrumentations Procedure Data analysis Questionnaire example 19
    20. 20. The research design Quantitative study 20
    21. 21. Methodology 21
    22. 22. Statistical methods 22
    23. 23. Procedure 1 2 3 6 5 4 23
    24. 24. Participants for pilot study 1A 2A 3A 4A 1B 2B 3B 4B Junior Senior Freshman Sophomore ? 24
    25. 25. Procedure of giving out questionnaires 25
    26. 26. questionnaires 學習英語 年 請問你認為自己屬於 : □ 外向性格 □內向性格 最常使用什麼方式學習英文(單選) □ 英文書籍(雜誌…) □收音機( ICRT ) □電影、外國影集 □其他 英語證照 四技入學統測英語成績____分 ( 非專業科目英語成績 ) 達到多益測驗 (TOEIC) 聽力____ 閱讀____ 總分____ 請從1到10分自行評估自己的聽說讀寫分數 聽__ 說__ 讀__ 寫__ 26
    27. 27. Part 2: 語言學習策略問卷 (Fazeli, 2012) 27
    28. 28. Part 3: 艾森克內外向人格問卷量表 (Chien, Wu, Chu, & Chang, 2000) 28
    29. 29. + Thank you for listening. 29

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