HOW PLAGIARISM IS DEFINEDPlagiarism is the act of presenting thewords, ideas, images, sounds, or the creative expression of others as your own.
WHY WORRY ABOUT PLAGIARISM?• It’s against the law – no different than stealing an iPod• It’s against school rules• You limit your learning – only cheating yourself
REAL WORLD CONSEQUENCES Kaavya Viswanathan• Harvard sophomore’s novel Timothy S. Goeglein “How Opal Mehta Got • 20 of the 38 articles this Janet Cooke Kissed, Got Wild, and Got Former White House aide • Fabricated facts in her a Life” borrowed passages wrote for an Indiana Pulitzer Prize winning from Megan McCafferty, newspaper borrowed text Meg Cabot and others article from other sources• Book was pulled from without citing • Resigned from the publication, movie deals • Resigned from White Washington Post and canceled House returned her award
TYPES OF PLAGIARISMIntentional Unintentional Copying a friend’s Careless paraphrasing work Poor documentation Buying or Quoting excessively borrowing papers Copying and Failure to use your own pasting blocks of “voice” text from the Internet without documenting
PLAGIARISM?Jack has an English paper due tomorrow. He read the book and paid attention during class, but he has no idea what to write about.Jack logs onto the Internet “just to get some ideas about topics for his paper.”He finds a great idea and begins writing his paper using the topic he found. He is very careful to avoid copying any text or words from the Internet article he found.
YES, THIS IS PLAGIARISMJack is committing plagiarism by taking the ideas of the source without citing them in the paper.Even though he put the ideas in his own words, Jack is stealing the intellectual property of the source.
PLAGIARISM?Jenny is writing a paper about George Washington. She discusses the fact that he was our nation’s first president. Jenny doesn’t cite this fact in her final draft.
NO, THIS IS NOT PLAGIARISMBecause the fact that Washington was our first president is considered common knowledge, Jenny does not need to cite the information.
PLAGIARISM?Jamal finds a book analyzing Shakespeare’s “Romeo and Juliet.” He paraphrases several ideas from the book and makes sure to include the author’s name and page number in parentheses at the end of the sentence.
NO, THIS IS NOT PLAGIARISMJamal has correctly cited his source:Romeo and Juliet is considered to be one of the greatest love stories ever told. What many people don’t know is that it was based on an Italian story “The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet” (Parker, 188).
DIRECT QUOTATION VS. PARAPHRASE Direct quotations include exact words from a source and use quotation marks: The population of Europe decreased after the Black Plague, “killing thousands of people too poor afford healthcare” (Johnson, 328).
DIRECT QUOTATION VS. PARAPHRASEParaphrasing includes ideas from other sources, but put into your own words:Battelle’s argument is based on a letterwritten by CEO Eric Schmidt. Thememo reveals that Google was focusingits attention on budgets (Battelle, 153).
WHEN CAN I SKIP CITING?• When you see the same fact repeated in 3 or more sources (common knowledge)• When discussing your own thoughts and ideas• When compiling results of research you’ve done
AVOIDING PLAGIARISM Did you think of Yes. it? No. Is it common Yes. knowledge? No. Cite it. Do not cite it.
TIPS TO AVOID PLAGIARISM• Take notes as you read, writing down authors’ names and book titles as you paraphrase or quote.• Put the text aside and try to remember what the writer said. Write down those ideas without looking back at the text. Compare the two versions – yours and the original. If the meaning changes, try again. If the language is too similar, try again. Use your own words before consulting a dictionary or thesaurus.