Rogers also became the director of the Rochester Guidance Center. Rogers ’ dissertation while attending the Teacher’s College was Personality Adjustment Inventory. The publication was so popular that in a span of 50 years it sold over half a million copies. Rogers then took a full teaching position at Ohio State University and subsequently started work on his second book entitled Counseling and Psychotherapy: Newer Concepts in Practice . As counselor in the psychology department at the University of Chicago in which he started the Counseling Center, he began working on his new approach to counseling now known as “client-centered” therapy.
Requirements of the therapist 1. Congruence- genuineness, honesty with the client 2. Empathy- the ability to feel what the client feels. 3. Respect- acceptance, unconditional positive regard towards the client These qualities are necessary and sufficient
the client views themselves, and how through therapy they can change their view of the future and how they desire to live.
Perrine VoisinSiri Wirienga
Professional Accomplishments • He lectured, taught, set up counseling centers. • His dissertation: Personality Adjustment Inventory. The publication was so popular that in a span of 50 years it sold over half a million copies. Books: • 1939: published his first book called The Clinical Treatment of the Problem Child. • Second book called Counseling and Psychotherapy: Newer Concepts in Practice. • Client-Centered Therapy: It’s Current Practice, Implications and Theory.
Professional Accomplishments• 1956: Association for Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award to psychology• 1940s 1950s: president of the AmericanPsychological Association as well.• 1961: he wrote one of the most influential books, entitled, On Becoming a Person:A Therapists View of Psychotherapy.• 1964: Humanist of the Year
How Rogers Theories May Be Used in Educational PracticeTherapy TeachingReflection- Mirroring of emotional Experiential learning: learning bycommunication so the client doing and reflection by doing.understands that the therapist islistening and cares enough tounderstand. Self- actualization: « …man’s tendency to actualize himself, toSelf Actualization Tendency= is the become his potentialities. » If one’sbuilt-in tendency to develop in a needs are meet, a person canpositive way. Those who have self- achieve their full potential.actualized have achievedautonomy, self-sufficiency, and Rogers believed openpersonal growth. communication and empowering Ultimate goal, the client become an individual was a key to self-a person actualization.
How Rogers Theories May Be Used in Educational PracticeClient centered Therapy Learner-centered TeachingThe client should say what is wrong, As educational counselors, Roger’sfind ways of improving, and theory of “Person Centereddetermine the conclusion of Therapy” may be very helpful intherapy. guiding students to pursue their strengths.The client is in charge of their ownhappiness What is taught must be relevant to the students, otherwise experiences or materials that challenge the organization of the self will be rejected. This is done more easily if there is no perceived threat to the self.
How Rogers Theories May Be Used in Educational PracticeTherapy Teaching•“self-theory” = the client views •Teachers facilitate learning, Youhimself/herself, and how through cannot teach directly. (similar totherapy can help change their view Montessori)and future. •“Humanistic Psychology” = helping •By using Roger’s techniques ofthe individual help themselves “Humanistic Psychology” counselorsinstead of diagnosing. can help students help themselves.
Humanistic Theory- Maslow In addition to Maslow’s hirarchical needs: Need of an evironment that provides the persongenuineness, acceptance and empathy
How Rogers Theories May Be Used in Educational PracticeTherapy Teaching •Accepting the person without•The person centered assumes that negative judgment of a person’seach person has a need for basic worthUnconditional Positive Regard =acceptance, respect, sympathy, •Through creating a positiveand love regardless of relationship with the students theperformance. counselor has the opportunity to instill, “conditions of worth” in his/her students. •the person is then valued for who he/she is, not for what he/she does.
Pros ConsDeveloped the “Person Centered Is everyone essentiallyTheory” positive?Rogers was the 1st to record/video Is everyone “trustworthytape sessions for educational purposes. Organisms” Rogers “Actualizing1st to refer to the person as a “Client” Tendency” is contradictory instead of patient to his belief that people are essentially good andCoined the term “Self Theory” trustworthy.“the core of man’s nature is The Idea of “Ideal Self”-essentially positive”. (What I want to be) may be very far from what is actual and/or realistic.
ReferencesHeppner, P. P., Rogers, M. E., & Lee, L. A. (1984). Carl Rogers: Reflections on his life [Electronic version]. Journal of Counseling and Development, 63, 14-20.Kirschenbaum, H. (2004). Carl Rogers’s life and works: An assessment on the 100th anniversary of his birth [Electronic version]. Journal of Counseling and Development, 82, 116- 124.Goldstein, J.H.,& Wallace, P.M. (1997). An Introduction to psychology. McGraw Hill, Boston Massacheusetts.Boeree, G.C., (2006). Carl Rogers [Electronic version]. Personality theories.