Intro

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Intro

  1. 1. Introductory Concepts<br />
  2. 2. RAIDS<br />Revision<br />Arrangement<br />Invention<br />Delivery<br />Style<br />
  3. 3. IAR Questions<br />What is invention? (What activities did the writer(s) have to engage in to create the text?) <br />What is being invented? (What ideas, practices, arguments, etc. are created through the text?) <br />What is being arranged? (What is being put in relation to what?) <br />What is arrangement? (How are things being put in relation to one another?)<br />What is being revised? (What is the writer(s) trying to change (e.g. what ideas, practices, etc.?))<br />What is revision? (What is the writer trying to change (e.g. what ideas, practices, etc.?) <br />
  4. 4. SWAP Analysis<br />Subject<br />Writer<br />Audience<br />Purpose<br />
  5. 5. Rhetorical Appeals (Proofs)<br />Logos<br />Pathos<br />Ethos<br />
  6. 6. Building the Logos<br />One part argument : the claim alone<br />Two part argument: the enthymeme<br />Warrant (major premise) is implied<br />Three part argument: Full Toulmin model<br />
  7. 7. Building Blocks of Arguments: Values and Facts<br />Values<br />Facts<br />Using sources<br />Personal experience<br />Testimony of others<br />Authority<br />
  8. 8. Reliability of sources<br />Online sources – be careful…<br />
  9. 9. Ethos<br />The Elements of Ethos<br />Good Sense<br />Good Will<br />Good Moral Character<br />
  10. 10. Ethos<br />Types of Ethos<br />Extrinsic Ethos<br />Intrinsic Ethos<br />
  11. 11. Establishing Ethos in Writing<br />Intellectual Virtue of Reasonableness<br />I am not an extremist<br />I know the other side and they are wrong<br />I see merit on the other side<br />I concede one or more points to the other side<br />I may be wrong, but…<br />
  12. 12. Pathos<br />Are emotional appeals legitimate?<br />
  13. 13. Evoking Pathos in Argument<br />Choosing words carefully<br />Euphemisms<br />Periphrasis or circumlocution (taking the long way around)<br />Descriptive language<br />

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