City Life And Problems


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City Life And Problems

  1. 1. How People Dealt With These Problems City Life and Problems
  2. 2. Sanitation and Public Health <ul><li>Public utilities provided clean water and sewage service. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1900, there were over 3,500 public waterworks nationwide. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Transportation <ul><li>The cities used the horse car and later the elevated railway, trolley car, and subway. </li></ul><ul><li>The elevator opened up new heights in vertical transportation. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Crime <ul><li>Cities formed police forces. </li></ul><ul><li>Attempts were made to enforce the Puritan Sabbath, and restaurants and amusement parks were closed. </li></ul><ul><li>Methods identifying criminals, such as the use of photographs, were improved. </li></ul><ul><li>Electric lights helped make city streets safer. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Poverty <ul><li>Reformers wrote books to appeal to the public conscience so action, like legislation, could be taken to combat the effects of poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, settlement housed were established. They provided services to people in a neighborhood and taught social responsibility. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Recreation <ul><li>Parks such as Central Park in New York City were built as “a great breathing space for the toiling masses.” </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago opened a World’s Fair. </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity enabled shops to remain open after dark, which stimulated night life. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Adult Education <ul><li>In 1876, the American Liberty Association was founded to encourage “the best reading for the largest number at the least expense.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Merchandising <ul><li>Department stores were opened. They sold nearly all kinds of goods in one location. </li></ul>