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A New Popular Culture is Born <ul><li>The Main Idea </li></ul><ul><li>New technologies helped produce a new mass culture i...
A Decade of Change   <ul><li>1920 census </li></ul><ul><li>The Movies </li></ul><ul><li>Daylight Savings Time </li></ul><u...
Radio Drives Popular Culture During the 1920s, the radio went from being a little-known novelty to being standard equipmen...
Movies Movies exploded in popularity during the 1920s for several reasons.  <ul><li>Talkies and Cartoons </li></ul><ul><li...
Hollywood   <ul><li>Dusty California crossroads </li></ul><ul><li>80% go to the movies </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Little Tram...
Sports Heroes <ul><li>Radio helped inflame the public passion for sports, and millions of Americans tuned in to broadcasts...
SPORTS <ul><li>“ Sultan of Swat”  </li></ul><ul><li>“ Red” Grange </li></ul><ul><li>The “New Kid from Dixie&quot;  </li></...
Pilot Heroes of the Twenties Charles Lindbergh Amelia Earhart <ul><li>Charles Lindbergh was a daredevil pilot who practice...
A Time for Heroes   <ul><li>Lucky Lindy </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Byrd </li></ul><ul><li>Amelia Earhart </li></ul><ul><li>...
Arts of the 1920s <ul><li>The great economic and social changes of the 1920s offered novelists a rich source of materials....
Social Changes <ul><li>Life Expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>High School Diploma </li></ul><ul><li>75 Pounds </li></ul><ul><li...
 
 
 
 
FUN FACTS <ul><li>106,521,537 people in the United States   </li></ul><ul><li>2,132,000 unemployed, Unemployment 5.2%   </...
 
 
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A New Popular Culture Is Born

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1920s

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A New Popular Culture Is Born

  1. 1. A New Popular Culture is Born <ul><li>The Main Idea </li></ul><ul><li>New technologies helped produce a new mass culture in the 1920s. </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Focus </li></ul><ul><li>How did mass entertainment change in the 1920s? </li></ul><ul><li>Who were the cultural heroes of the 1920s? </li></ul><ul><li>How was the culture of the 1920s reflected in the arts and literature of the era? </li></ul>
  2. 2. A Decade of Change <ul><li>1920 census </li></ul><ul><li>The Movies </li></ul><ul><li>Daylight Savings Time </li></ul><ul><li>New inventions </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation </li></ul>
  3. 3. Radio Drives Popular Culture During the 1920s, the radio went from being a little-known novelty to being standard equipment in every American home. <ul><li>Rise of the Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Guglielmo Marconi invented the radio in the late 1800s, and by the early 1900s the military and ships at sea used them. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1920, most Americans still didn’t own radios, and there was not any programming. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1920, a radio hobbyist near Pittsburgh started playing records over his radio, and people started listening. </li></ul><ul><li>Radio Station Boom </li></ul><ul><li>The growing popularity of those simple broadcasts caught the attention of Westinghouse, a radio manufacturer. </li></ul><ul><li>In October 1920, Westinghouse started KDKA, the first radio station. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1922 the U.S. had 570 stations. </li></ul><ul><li>Technical improvements in sound and size helped popularity. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans now had a shared experience. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Movies Movies exploded in popularity during the 1920s for several reasons. <ul><li>Talkies and Cartoons </li></ul><ul><li>Another important innovation was the introduction of films with sound, or “talkies.” </li></ul><ul><li>In 1927 filmgoers were amazed by The Jazz Singer , a hugely successful movie that incorporated a few lines of dialogue and helped change the movie industry forever. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1928, the animated film Steamboat Willie introduced Mickey Mouse and cartoons. </li></ul><ul><li>New Film Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>In early years movies were short, simple pieces. </li></ul><ul><li>During World War I, filmmaker D. W. Griffith produced The Birth of a Nation , a controversial film that some consider racist. </li></ul><ul><li>The film nonetheless introduced innovative movie techniques and helped establish film as an art form and widened its audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Woodrow Wilson, after seeing the movie, said, “it’s like writing history with lightning.” </li></ul>By the end of the 1920s, Americans bought 100 million movie tickets a week, though the entire U.S. population was about 123 million people.
  5. 5. Hollywood <ul><li>Dusty California crossroads </li></ul><ul><li>80% go to the movies </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Little Tramp” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;You ain't heard nothing yet.“ </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sports Heroes <ul><li>Radio helped inflame the public passion for sports, and millions of Americans tuned in to broadcasts of ballgames and prize fights featuring their favorite athletes. </li></ul>Helen Wills : Played powerful tennis, winning 31 major tournaments and two Olympic gold medals. Her nerves of steel earned her the nickname “Little Miss Poker Face.” Red Grange : College football player who earned the nickname the “Galloping Ghost” for his speed. He turned professional after college, which was shocking at the time. Babe Ruth : Known as the “Sultan of Swat,” Ruth was legendary on the baseball field for his home runs. His legend lives on today in baseball circles and popular culture. Bobby Jones : Jones won golf’s first Grand Slam, meaning he won the game’s four major tournaments, and remains the only golfer to get a Grand Slam for matches in one calendar year.
  7. 7. SPORTS <ul><li>“ Sultan of Swat” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Red” Grange </li></ul><ul><li>The “New Kid from Dixie&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>The Fighting Marine </li></ul><ul><li>Jack Dempsey </li></ul><ul><li>Man O' War </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pilot Heroes of the Twenties Charles Lindbergh Amelia Earhart <ul><li>Charles Lindbergh was a daredevil pilot who practiced his skills as an airline pilot, a dangerous, life-threatening job at the time. </li></ul><ul><li>Lindbergh heard about a $25,000 prize for the first aviator to fly a nonstop transatlantic flight, or a flight across the Atlantic Ocean, and wanted to win. </li></ul><ul><li>He rejected the idea that he needed a large plane with many engines, and developed a very light single-engine craft with room for only one pilot. </li></ul><ul><li>On May 21, 1927, Lindbergh succeeded by touching down in Paris, France after a thirty-three-and-a-half-hour flight from New York. </li></ul><ul><li>Lindbergh earned the name “Lucky Lindy” and became the most beloved American hero of the time. </li></ul><ul><li>A little over a year after Lindbergh’s flight, Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic, returning to the U.S. as a hero. </li></ul><ul><li>She went on to set numerous speed and distance records as a pilot. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1937 she was most of the way through a record-breaking flight around the world when she disappeared over the Pacific Ocean. </li></ul>
  9. 9. A Time for Heroes <ul><li>Lucky Lindy </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Byrd </li></ul><ul><li>Amelia Earhart </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Ford </li></ul>
  10. 10. Arts of the 1920s <ul><li>The great economic and social changes of the 1920s offered novelists a rich source of materials. </li></ul><ul><li>F. Scott Fitzgerald helped create the flapper image, coined the term the “Jazz Age,” and explored the lives of the wealthy in The Great Gatsby and other novels and stories. </li></ul><ul><li>Sinclair Lewis wrote about the emptiness of middle-class life. </li></ul><ul><li>Edna St. Vincent Millay wrote poems on topics ranging from celebrations of youth to leading social causes of the day. </li></ul><ul><li>Willa Cather and Edith Wharton produced notable works of literature. </li></ul><ul><li>Ernest Hemingway and John Dos Passos were war veterans and, as part of the so-called Lost Generation, wrote about war experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>Gertrude Stein invented the term Lost Generation , referring to a group of writers who chose to live in Europe after World War I. </li></ul><ul><li>Bruce Barton’s novel compared Jesus to a modern business executive. </li></ul><ul><li>George Gershwin was a composer best known for Rhapsody in Blue —which showed the impact of jazz—as well as popular songs written with his brother Ira. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Social Changes <ul><li>Life Expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>High School Diploma </li></ul><ul><li>75 Pounds </li></ul><ul><li>Thin was in </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Diet and Health“ </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Labor saving devices </li></ul><ul><li>Reliable Contraceptives </li></ul><ul><li>Ads </li></ul>
  12. 16. FUN FACTS <ul><li>106,521,537 people in the United States  </li></ul><ul><li>2,132,000 unemployed, Unemployment 5.2%  </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy:  Male 53.6,   Female 54.6  </li></ul><ul><li>343,000 in military (down from 1,172,601 in 1919)  </li></ul><ul><li>Average annual earnings $1236;  </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher's salary  $970  </li></ul><ul><li>Dow Jones High 100  Low 67   </li></ul><ul><li>Illiteracy rate (6%) </li></ul><ul><li>Gangland crime </li></ul><ul><li>13 days to reach California from New York  </li></ul>

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