7. Three Facts about Catholic Church
• 1. Largest land holder in Europe. Owned
valuable property & land.
• 2. Everything evolved (centered) around the
• 3. Church Officials were leaders in the
• 4. 1/10 (tithe) of someone’s earnings went to
8.Where might a Christian pilgrim
go during the Middle Ages?
• A cathedral or any other sacred place
known to Christians.
9. Why was the Catholic Church so
• Has the power to excommunicate (kick
out someone from church), to abolish
(get rid of) selling of official positions
and prohibiting (not allowing) bishops
electing kings to powerful positions
within the church.
10. Why would a church official need
to be educated?
• To read from the Bible. To teach others
about religion and to help with
14. What was the key event for
commoners to have a voice in
• King Edward’s I model parliament.
15. What document gave power to the
nobles that a king could not take
• Habeas corpus
• Magna Carta
16. Why did commoners have a voice
in many areas after the black plague?
• The plague caused many workers to
demand for more money and power
since too many people had died. These
people were also able to acquire land
that was left abandoned after its owner
17. During the Hundred Years’ War,
which group lost the most power and
which group gained the most power?
• Lost: Lords
• Gained: Commoners & Monarchs
18. What was the capital of the
19. What is Justinian’s Code?
• He took many laws from the Romans
and changed them to fit his Empire in
the Western world.
• Systematic Body of Law
20. What is the significance of the
dome in many of the churches in the
• The dome represents heaven.
21. Give three examples of the
• 1. It is surrounded on three sides of water.
• 2. It was located at the crossroads of Europe
• 3. It had a harbor that could easily be blocked
against enemy ships.
22. Who was responsible for
rebuilding Constantinople after a riot
that was meant for its emperor?
23. Although Arabs living on the
Arabian peninsula were not united as a
nation, they were in what two ways?
• 1. Cultural
• 2. Language
24. Who are the “people of the book”
according to Muslims and why?
• Jews and Christians because they also
believed in one God.
25. Muhammad taught that the rich
should share their wealth with the
poor, why did this upset leaders in
• Leaders in Mecca were controlling the wealth
and didn’t want to give any to the poor.
26. What does the word “Muslim”
• Muslim means one who surrenders to God.
27. Explain who the Sunni & the Shi’a
Muslims felt should be the next
“leader” of the Islamic religion.
• Sunnis believe that the best “man” for the job
should be the next leader. A Council should
pick the leader.
• Shi’a believe that only descendants (relatives)
of Muhammad should be the next leader.
28. Explain why Islam is considered
more than a religion, but rather a way
of life for Muslims.
• Muslims have to follow the rules of Islam
throughout their lives. For instance, they
can’t gamble, eat pork, or drink alcohol.
• They must also follow the 5 Pillars of
29. What is jihad?
• Jihad means to overcome struggle and to
strive to overcome challenges.
30. What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
Make sure you explain what each
means as well.
1st Pillar: Shahadah: Declaring Faith
2nd Pillar: Salat: Daily prayer
3rd Pillar: Zakat: Giving Charity to the Poor
4th Pillar: Siyam: Fasting during 9th month of the
• 5th Pillar: Hajj: Pilgrimage to Makkah.
31. What standards did the Qur’an and
Muhammad set for Muslims’ conduct
• Muslim fighters must not mutilate (remove or
destroy) the dead bodies of enemies, nor harm
women, children, the elderly, and civilians.
32. What values does Shari’ah
• The Shari’ah promotes obedience to the
Qur’an and respect for others.
33. How are these behaviors regulated
in the Islamic religion?
(Can’t eat pork, drink alcohol, gamble)
• These are forbidden in the Islamic religion.
34. What does Ramadan encourage?
• Ramadan encourages generosity, equality, and
charity within the Muslim community.
35. What three cities became center of
Islamic culture and learning?
• 1. Cairo, Egypt
• 2. Cordoba, Spain
• 3. Baghdad, Iraq
36. Why was learning important to the
• Learning is important because Muhammad
stated, “The ink of scholars is more precious
than the blood of martyrs.” Meaning it is more
important to learn than it is to be good a
37. What does Islamic art include?
What does it NOT include?
• Includes: calligraphy, geometric shapes
• Does Not Include: animals or humans because
only God can create something that is alive.
38. How did Muslims accept other
Muslims accepted and embraced other
culture’s ideas. They often spread
other’s ideas ways of life to other
• A person who holds beliefs that are contrary
to the teachings of a church or other group.
• The study of wisdom and knowledge
• A scholar or thinker (philosopher)
• To cause a person to suffer because of his or
• To formally deprive a person of membership
in a church
55. habeas corpus
• The principle that accused persons cannot be
held in jail without the consent of a court
• Birthplace of Muhammad
• Location of the Ka’ba
• The medieval knight’s code of ideal behavior,
including bravery, loyalty, and respect for
• A person who believes in more than one god
• A title taken by Muslim rulers who claimed
religious authority to rule
• A ruler, such as a king or a queen
• To buy and sell by trading goods or services
rather than money
• The business of buying and selling or
• A person who believes in a single god
• A person who speaks or interprets for God to
• A cube shaped shrine located in Mecca.
• Built by Abraham to honor one god.
• A person trained to write or copy documents
• Relating to, or based on the production,
distribution, and consumption of goods and
• Of or relating to soldiers, arms, or war
• Of or relating to government, a government,
or the conduct of government
• Of or relating to human society, the
interaction of the individual and the group, or
the welfare of human beings as members of
• A portion of land nearly surrounded by water
and connected with a larger body by an
isthmus; also : a piece of land jutting out into
the water whether with or without a welldefined isthmus
• A person who moves from place to place,
often in search of water and vegetation.
• A pilgrimage to the Ka’ba located in Makkah.
• The 2nd Pillar which means that Muslims
must prayer 5 times a day and face towards
• This is the 4th Pillar which is the ritual fast.
During the Siyam, Muslims do not eat from
sunrise to sunset during Ramadan.