Prince JohnKing Henry II believed that his youngest sonJohn would “in the end will insult (him and hisfamily) more grievously and more dangerouslythan any of the others.”When his brother Richard became King, Johnbegan to plot against him.When Richard was captured on his way homefrom a crusade, John pretended to raise moneyfor his release!
Prince JohnJohn actually tried to bribe Richard’scaptor to hold him longer!!!Richard eventually returned toEngland, but died 5 years later.John was crowned King one monthafter Richard’s death!
John’s Mistakes“Allegedly” had his nephew killed becausepeople believed that the nephew should be king.He would falsely accuse someone in order tocollect fines in order to get money to fightFrance.He forced the barons (lords) to pay “scutages”(taxes) instead of supplying soldiers for thecampaigns against France. What happened isEngland lost many battles & land because theydidn’t have a strong army.
Disney’s Song about the Nasty King Johnhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=37bbj8HbM5I
John’s MistakesKing John was excommunicated by the Pope due toan argument over power. King John was the first Kingto ever be excommunicated. This meant that all of thechurches in England were closed and priests couldn’thear confessions, perform marriages, funerals andbaptisms.The people were nervous of not going to heaven andstarted to rebel.John finally agreed with the Pope only because hislords weren’t supporting him, they were supportingthe church.
John Isn’t All Bad!!Expanded the civil service system whichallowed courts to maintain the law andresolve disputes.Granted self-government to growing cities.Established a uniform system of weightsand measures.creating a royal navyrequiring government offices to keep formalarchives.
Runneymede ~ site of Magna Carta Signing ~ Monday, June 15, 1215 through June 19, 1215 June 19, 1215 June 19, 1215
Scribes wrote very small because parchment paper was expensive.It was written in Latin because Latin was the universal language.It was written in Latin because Latin was the universal language.
Negotiated for four days on anagreement called theArticles of the Barons
These demands became known asthe Magna Carta or also known as “Great Charter”. “Great Charter”.
Has 63 articlesMost famous article ~ Article 39“No free man shall be...put in prison ordeprived of his possessions except bythe legal judgment of his peers or by thelaw of the land.”(Peasants unfortunately were notconsidered “free” so they could still beput in jail for no apparent reason.)
Good News!!!The Magna Carta limited the King’spower and strengthened the rights ofthe nobles.
John up to his Old Tricks King John did not want to follow this charter. However, he made an “OATH”. King John asked Pope Innocent III to release him from the OATH, and the Pope agreed. The Pope stated that any oath made under such frightening circumstances could not be enforced.
WAIT...there’s more Drama!!King John overlooked the fact that if he did nothold up his end of the deal, the nobles andtownspeople were willing to fight to make sure itgoes through...a civil war broke out!!The nobles got an army form the French King tohelp them fight against King John!
BAD NEWS FOR JOHN!!!King John fought back until he wasshipwrecked and ate a bad meal ofpeaches and cider.This meal turned out to be his LAST!!