Final exam chapters 10-18 review


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Final exam chapters 10-18 review

  1. 1. Chapters 10-18Chapters 10-18 Study Guide ReviewStudy Guide Review
  2. 2. chapter 10chapter 10
  3. 3. 1. Why did monarchs’ power increase because of the crusades? Nobles and knights left home to fight in the Middle East
  4. 4. 2. Describe the impact the crusades had on the Jews. The Jews were continually persecuted by the Christians during all of the Crusades.
  5. 5. 3. List 2 causes of the crusades 1. The emperor of Constantinople got nervous because the Seljuk Turks were advancing towards Constantinople and would possibly take it over. The emperor asked Pope Urban II for help. 2. Pope Urban II wanted to push the Muslims back and reclaim Jerusalem. He promised entry to heaven to all who joined to fight.
  6. 6. 4. What was one reason that led to the Crusades? • Christians were afraid that the Muslims threatened Constantinople in the Byzantine Empire. • The Muslims took the Holy Land away from the Christians.
  7. 7. 5. What happened to the Christians after the Seljuk Turks took over the Holy Land? • Christians could no longer visit the Holy Land safely.
  8. 8. 6. Who was the Christian ruler that fought against Saladin during the Crusades? • King Richard I (also known as the Richard the Lion heart.)
  9. 9. chapter 11chapter 11
  10. 10. 7. How did the geography of West Africa influence trade? People from different vegetation zones traded with each other for the goods they needed.
  11. 11. 8. How did the advances in iron tools contribute to the population growth in West Africa? Advances in iron tools created an abundant food supply.
  12. 12. 9. What was one economic effect of the four vegetation zones in West Africa? • People from different areas or zones traded with one another.
  13. 13. 10. What technological advancement improved farming in West Africa? Iron tools
  14. 14. 11. List from smallest to largest, the four types of settlements in West Africa. Family based homes (extended families) Villages Towns kingdoms
  15. 15. 12. How did Islam get to West Africa? • Trade
  16. 16. chapter 12chapter 12
  17. 17. 13. Describe Ghana’s control of trans- Saharan trade. Because of Ghana’s location, traders had to pass through Ghana. They had to pay a heavy tax on the goods they traded.
  18. 18. 14. People from the southern forests, traded to get what necessary resource? Salt
  19. 19. 15. Trans-Saharan trade improved when these were first used? Camels
  20. 20. 16. People north of the Sahara traded with people of the southern forests. What were two items they traded? Salt and gold
  21. 21. 17. The Wangarans from the southern forests traded silently, why? They didn’t want anyone else to know where their gold mines were located.
  22. 22. chapter 13chapter 13
  23. 23. 18. List three ways Islam changed African government. 1. The right to rule passed from father to son. (patrilineal) 2. Africans started to exercise more control of local rulers (centralized government) 3. Adoption of Shari’ah (Islamic law)
  24. 24. 19. How did West Africans adapt Islam into their culture architecturally? They built mosques.
  25. 25. chapter 14chapter 14
  26. 26. 20. What is the function of oral tradition? To preserve (keep) history
  27. 27. 21. Find a proverb that expresses the importance of oral tradition. “Every time an old man dies, it is as if a library has burnt down.”
  28. 28. chapter 15chapter 15
  29. 29. 22. How was the fall of the Han Dynasty similar to the fall of the Roman Empire? Just like Rome, China broke up into separate kingdoms.
  30. 30. 23. How did the Han and Tang Dynasties select government officials? People who wanted government positions took civil service exams.
  31. 31. 24. Who allowed the lower class to become government officials? Song Dynasty
  32. 32. 25. Why were scientists, mathematicians, and engineers not government officials? The civil service exams didn’t test science, math, or engineering.
  33. 33. chapter 16chapter 16
  34. 34. 26. What caused wealthy farmers from northern China to move south? Attacks by the Mongols caused the northern farmers to move south.
  35. 35. 27. What had to happen in order for China’s population to grow? Stable (steady) food supply
  36. 36. 28. What improvements in water transportation improved commerce? A vast network of rivers and canals connected different parts of China.
  37. 37. chapter 17chapter 17
  38. 38. 29. Describe the impact the magnetic compass had on travel. The magnetic compass made long distance travel at sea easier.
  39. 39. 30. Describe how the Chinese mass produced porcelain. Each person performed a different task over and over. For instance: one washed the clay, one applied the glaze, one shaped the bowl, and one operated the kiln.
  40. 40. 31. What did the Chinese discover while experimenting with saltpeter? Gunpowder
  41. 41. 32. Name 4 inventions that developed in China and spread to Europe. 1. paper making 2. playing cards 3. movable type 4. mechanical clocks
  42. 42. 33. List 3 ways the Chinese prevented the spread of contagious diseases. 1. disinfectants 2. inoculations 3. steaming clothes
  43. 43. MiscellaneousMiscellaneous
  44. 44. 34. List three things that are typical of a golden age. • 1. Peace (no war) • 2. Prosperity (money was available) • 3. Art and literature flourished
  45. 45. 35. Label the hierarchy of the European feudal society Monarchs Lords Knights peasants
  46. 46. 36. Label the hierarchy of the Japanese feudal society Shogun Daimyo Samurai peasants
  47. 47. 37. In studying history, how might historians describe the following terms? • Military – warfare/army for protection • Economy – money based economy • Geography – layout of area • Religion – beliefs of a culture • Politics – government of culture • Social/cultural - how people live in a culture.
  48. 48. 38. In what countries were these cities important to trade & learning: • 1. Timbuktu – Africa • 2. Cordoba – Spain • 3. Baghdad – Middle East (now Iraq) • 4. Kyoto - Japan
  49. 49. 39. Why was Zheng He an important Chinese explorer? (Chapter 18) • He brought new ideas and products to China. However, his explorations were over when the Ming Dynasty closed their “trading” doors with the outside world.
  50. 50. 40. Describe the requirements needed for an Islamic ruler according to Sunni and Shiites? • 1. Sunni ~ They believe that the best person for the “job” should be the next ruler of the Islamic Empire regardless of the “blood” line. • 2. Shiite ~ They believe that only Muhammad’s blood relatives should be the next ruler of the Islamic Empire.
  51. 51. 41. Who was the founder of the Islamic religion? When and where was he born? • Muhammad started the religion about 610 ce. He was born in Mecca and he was born around 570 ce. He died in the year 632 ce.
  52. 52. 42. Who was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 800 CE? • Charlemagne was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 800 CE.
  53. 53. 43. Who won the Battle of Hastings? What did this person start in England? • William the Conqueror won the Battle of Hastings. • William the Conqueror started feudalism in England.
  54. 54. 44. Who went on a hajj to Mecca from his Mali Empire? • Mansa Musa went on a hajj to Mecca from the Mali Empire.
  55. 55. 45. Who was the ruler of the Byzantine Empire and had to fight back during a rebellion? • Justinian was the ruler of the Byzantine Empire and through the encouragement of his wife Theodora, he stayed back during a rebellion.
  56. 56. geographygeography
  57. 57. 46. What Continent is located south of Europe? • Africa
  58. 58. 47. What continents surround the arabian peninsula? • Asia, Europe and Africa
  59. 59. 48. IN what city was muhammad born? • Makkah (Mecca)
  60. 60. 49. What body of water did arab traders cross to reach europe? • Mediterranean Sea
  61. 61. 50. Which ocean borders Africa on the West? • Atlantic Ocean
  62. 62. 51. Which ocean borders Africa on the East? • Indian Ocean
  63. 63. 52. What sea borders Africa on the North? • Mediterranean Sea
  64. 64. 53. What LARGE desert is located in Africa? • SAHARA DESERT
  65. 65. 54. What city was an important center of trade and learning for the kingdoms of Mali and Songhai? • TIMBUKTU
  66. 66. 55. What large country is separated from China by the Himalayas? • INDIA
  67. 67. 56. What country North of China is located nearest the Huang He? • MONGOLIA