•Often used within the gatehouse.
•A heavy timber or metal grill (grating) that
protected the castle entrance.
•Could be raised or lowered from within the
•It dropped vertically between grooves (worked
by a winch or a counterweight) to block
•Used to trap attackers.
Refer to this
•A section between the main gate and an
inner portcullis where arrows, rocks, and
hot oil can be dropped from the roof
•Provides good cover for defenders and
leaves the attacker(s) open.
•Only used when outer gate has been
•A large beam or log suspended from
•By swinging it, the wall was shaken down
or a hole was made through it.
•A giant siege engine in the form of a
boulder firing catapult.
Trebuchet or Catapult
What about the other terms?
•The lower segment of battlements used
to provide a firing point.
•They were usually 2 to 3 feet wide.
•Often had wooden shutters for greater
•The raised part of battlements.
•Usually about 3 feet high.
•Sometimes pierced with arrow slits to
protect soldiers from enemy archers.
•Primitive toilet cut into the thick outer
walls of the keep - just a stone seat over
a hole/chute down into the wall that
emptied into the moat.
•A few had natural light, but most were lit
•Iron bars were often fixed to the bottom
of the chutes to prevent an invading
army from gaining access that way.
•A deep flooded ditch round the castle. They were
usually filled from a nearby water supply such as a
spring, river or lake.
•A dam would be placed on the supply to control
the moat's water level.
A castle turret is a small tower rising above
and resting on one of the main towers,
usually used as a look out point.