How to avoid plagiarism


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A presentation designed to be shown live to first year university students to explain about plagiarism and help them avoid this and other forms of cheating

There are suggested speakers notes on each slide - but clearly these can be changed if you choose to use it yourself.

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  • Photograph by Will Lion found at
  • Quote from University of Hull Student HandbookImage from
  • If you did not mean to do it, tough – this is a bit like athletes unknowingly taking a banned substance – a strict liability rule applies and you are still guilty. It is up to you to know if you have plagiarised – so you really need to concentrate on this presentation. Don’t worry about taking notes, a handout is up on the VLE.Photograph from
  • If you do not know what plagiarism is then it is difficult to avoid it – we will define it and other forms of cheating during this presentation – even if you do not know what it is – you can still be found guilty of it!
  • Plagiarism is not just one thing, it comes in four main forms which we are going to look at.
  • The most common form of plagiarism is simply not referencing your sources. Your sources include books, journals (printed and on-line), web pages, non-published academic work and information acquired by interview. They also include diagrams and images that you have not created yourself.
  • This may happen quite innocently, perhaps you share your draft essay or assignment with a friend and they copy a section of it to use. It may also happen deliberately; with a student copying and using work from a memory stick. Both parties may be accused of plagiarism so it is important to be careful with your work.Photograph from
  • When you do group work, one or more members of the group may fail to reference their sources properly. If this is not picked up by the group then when the work is submitted and the failure noticed, ALL members of the group deemed equally responsible.Photograph from
  • If you use work from one assignment and present it in another you are attempting to have the same piece of work count twice towards your degree. This is not allowed. If you have written an essay or report for one assessed assignment and then submit work containing any of the same material for another assignment then this is classed as “self-plagiarism”. This work does not have to be for the same module. If one piece of work is purely formative (does not count towards your degree and is designed to give you useful feedback only) then this is OK.
  • Now that you know what plagiarism is, we can look at steps you can take to avoid it.
  • This applies to everyone but is particularly important for overseas students who are often unsure of their own English and think that by copying sentences they are sure of using the correct English and therefore improving the standard of their work. This is not the case. It is far more important to avoid accidental plagiarism.
  • Always keep a list of the sources you have read – even if you did not use them directly, you may have got ideas without realising or remembering where they came from. These sources need to be included in your bibliography (as opposed to your reference list which contains sources you have referred to directly in your written work). Photograph from
  • This is the bit that people forget – especially when creating presentations. Even if you recreate a diagram using the drawing tools or SmartArt, you must still reference its original source. Please also be aware that just because you say where an image comes from it does not mean you have the legal right to reproduce it. You may be protecting yourself academically but not legally. Most images that you find through Google images do NOT give you the right to reproduce them. Many image libraries do give you the right to reproduce some or all of their images for educational purposes through one of the Creative Commons licences but check their terms and conditions to make sure.
  • You may think you would be helping your friends by showing them your essays etc but you would not be doing either them or yourself a favour. Both of you could get into trouble if they reproduced any of it. By all means discuss essay and assignment ideas, pass on articles or books, support each other by researching together but when it comes to doing the actual work keep things separate.
  • Don’t just assume everybody else is doing it right – each check each others. Ask people where they got their information from and make sure all the references are there. When you sign the cover sheet it states that YOU declare that it is all your own work (the your there is plural). So you are agreeing to other people’s stuff too and you are all responsible! Use Turnitin to check if you wish and add the references yourself. If you are in doubt, ask your tutor for help.
  • Don’t ever just copy information between your assessed essays. Be thankful that you can use some of the same research and rewrite the information. The likelihood is that you will want to change the emphasis anyway. If you need to quote yourself, you can put it in quotes and reference it like any other piece of work, just make it clear it has been used before.
  • Exam invigilators are extremely experienced and spend their time looking for cheating. They have seen it all before. Sneaking a look at notes written up your sleeve will be noticed and it is just not worth it.It is also an offence to attempt to see the exam papers before the exam – this means you are taken prohibited knowledge into the exam!Image from
  • Again, the invigilators are just too sharp to not notice!
  • People have tried to have others sit their exams for them – they were asked to leave the university – it just isn’t worth it!
  • This may sound obvious but there are lots of ways that students try to get away without doing the work themselves. Universities are constantly looking for such things and they are very good at spotting them. They get to recognise a students work from the first essay they hand in to the last. If they think you have got someone else to write your assignment they may ask for evidence that you wrote it yourself (research notes, essay plans etc). You will not get away with buying an assignment over the Internet or asking a family member or friend to write one for you! It is also important not to fake research results – again, Universities are incredibly experienced at looking at student research and know what real research looks like. Filling in questionnaires yourself etc rather than doing the actual work will not go unnoticed!
  • Image from Photoxpress
  • It really is not worth throwing months or even years of work away on a stupid mistake.Photograph from
  • Photograph by Will Lion found at
  • How to avoid plagiarism

    1. 1. How to avoid plagiarismand other forms of cheating<br />Based on the work of Barbara Allan from her book “Study Skills for Business and Management Students”<br />
    2. 2. Hull University Business School<br />Plagiarism is treated very seriously by universities<br />ALL<br />
    3. 3. ‘<br />‘<br />..maximum penalties includetermination of programme, and for serious second offences, or two offences considered at the same time, denial of anyaward.<br />If you are found guilty you may be asked to leavethe university<br />
    4. 4. Unintentional plagiarism is still plagiarism<br />
    5. 5. This presentation will define plagiarism and how to avoid this and other forms of cheating<br />pla·gia·rism<br />[pley-juh-riz-uhm,-jee-uh-riz-]<br />–noun <br />
    6. 6. What types of plagiarism are there?<br />Plagiarism 1<br />Plagiarism 2<br />Plagiarism 3<br />Plagiarism 4<br />
    7. 7. 1. Not referencing your sources<br />
    8. 8. 2. Sharingyour work with your friends<br />
    9. 9. 3. Plagiarism through group work<br />
    10. 10. 4. Self-plagiarism(using the same work twice)<br />
    11. 11. How to avoid plagiarism<br />Plagiarism 1<br />Plagiarism 2<br />Plagiarism 3<br />Plagiarism 4<br />
    12. 12. Always use your own words apart from when using a direct quote<br />
    13. 13. Keep a detailed bibliography as well as a reference list<br />
    14. 14. Keep a note of where you got picturesand diagramsfrom<br />
    15. 15. Don't pass your work to your friends<br />
    16. 16. Make sure your group members are referencing everything<br />
    17. 17. If assignments overlap, don't copy your ownwork<br />Working in Diverse Teams<br />One of the key skills we are looking to develop in you during your time as a HUBs student is the ability to work in diverse groups. You are in a fairly unique position within the university as the Business School has the most diverse student body within the whole university. We have students from x different countries – x within this APS module itself.<br />In order to develop the ability to work well within a diverse team it is important to look at how such groups work together successfully, how they address the issues within the group and how they overcome any problems that arise.<br />This isn’t just about working with people from different countries. It is as much about being able to work with the managing director as well as the security guard. In working with people with PhDs and working with people who left school at 14.<br />Explain why effective group working is an important business skill<br />In order to develop the ability to work well within a diverse team it is important to look at how such groups work together successfully, how they address the issues within the group and how they overcome any problems that arise.<br />“The basic concept of managing diversity accepts the workforce consists of a diverse population of people. The diversity consists of visible and non-visible differences which will include factors such as sex, age, background, race, disability and work style. It is founded on the premise that harnessing these differences will create a productive environment in which everyone feels valued, where their talents are being fully utilised and their organisational goals are met.” Kandola and Fullerton (1994: 8) <br />
    18. 18. How to avoid other forms of cheating<br />
    19. 19. Make sure you don't take prohibited material into exams<br />Revision<br />notes<br />
    20. 20. Don't ask for help or copy from others in exams<br />
    21. 21. Sit your ownexams!<br />
    22. 22. Do your ownassignments!<br />
    23. 23. It is easyto avoid if you know the rules<br />
    24. 24. The consequences of plagiarism are not worth it<br />
    25. 25. By Jacqui Bartram, an ICT Learning Adviser at the University of Hull, United Kingdom<br />