Plug-In Electric Vehicles: Innovation, Incentives and Infrastructure  February 15, 2012 Dipankar  Sarkar  Technology Dem...
AQMD Background <ul><li>South Coast Basin: </li></ul><ul><li>4-county region </li></ul><ul><li>11,000 sq. miles </li></ul>...
Key Regional Air Quality Challenge: Reducing Nitrogen Oxides from Mobile Sources <ul><li>Attaining federal ozone and PM 2....
1  Preliminary emissions estimates based on data updated from 2007 AQMP where available: CARB 2010 emissions projections f...
Health Consequences <ul><li>>5,000 premature deaths / year </li></ul><ul><li>9,000 hospitalizations / year </li></ul><ul><...
Strategy for Technology Advancement Technology Demonstrations Regulate Incentives & Funding Technology Providers End-Users
AQMD Clean Fuels Program <ul><li>Established in 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>$1 fee on DMV registrations ($~12M/yr) </li></ul><u...
Advanced Technologies <ul><li>Aftertreatment </li></ul><ul><li>Emulsified Diesel </li></ul><ul><li>HD Natural Gas Engines ...
Pathway Toward Zero-Emissions Electric car (Nissan Leaf) Battery Bus Heavy-duty battery truck
AQMD Demonstration Vehicles <ul><li>Battery-Electric Mini Es, Nissan Leaf </li></ul><ul><li>Plug-In Hybrid Toyota Prius </...
South Bay Cities COG LUV Project <ul><li>NEV Demo Extension $119,815 AQMD Clean Fuels, $230k total </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A...
Electric Charging at AQMD <ul><li>Publicly accessible </li></ul><ul><li>Supports a variety of  Plug-In Vehicles </li></ul>...
Trucks <ul><li>Transpower Battery Electric Class 8 Truck </li></ul><ul><li>EVI/UPS Trucks </li></ul><ul><li>Plug-In Electr...
Transit Buses <ul><li>Battery-electric with quick charge (Foothill Transit: Protera) </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogen fuel cell ...
Clean Air Choices Outreach <ul><li>Governing Board direction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>De...
South Coast EV Charging Infrastructure Funding Programs Project Agencies Funding Source Amount SoCalEV Project AQMD, SoCal...
DOE PEV Infrastructure Grant <ul><li>Received $1M grant from DOE Clean Cities Program for PEV infrastructure planning, AQM...
CEC PEV Infrastructure Grant <ul><li>Received $200K from CEC for PEV infrastructure planning, SCAG and AQMD  co-lead agenc...
For More Information…. <ul><li>Dipankar Sarkar </li></ul><ul><li>(909) 396-2273 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></u...
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SCAQMD

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SCAQMD

  1. 1. Plug-In Electric Vehicles: Innovation, Incentives and Infrastructure February 15, 2012 Dipankar Sarkar Technology Demonstration Manager Technology Advancement Office South Coast Air Quality Management District
  2. 2. AQMD Background <ul><li>South Coast Basin: </li></ul><ul><li>4-county region </li></ul><ul><li>11,000 sq. miles </li></ul><ul><li>16+ million residents </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of thousands diesel vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Millions of gasoline vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Combined Ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles are nation's largest port complex </li></ul>L o s A n g e l e s C o u n t y O r a n g e C o u n t y R i v e r s i d e C o u n t y S a n B e r n a r d i n o C o u n t y
  3. 3. Key Regional Air Quality Challenge: Reducing Nitrogen Oxides from Mobile Sources <ul><li>Attaining federal ozone and PM 2.5 standards will require substantial NOx reductions beyond adopted rules </li></ul><ul><li>Ozone standard will likely require the greatest reductions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attainment Deadlines: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2023 (80 ppb standard) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2032 timeframe (75 ppb standard) </li></ul></ul></ul>NO x Mobile Sources 90%
  4. 4. 1 Preliminary emissions estimates based on data updated from 2007 AQMP where available: CARB 2010 emissions projections for trucks and off-road equipment; IMO Tier 1 – 3 for ocean vessels; EPA 2008 rule for locomotives; 2007 AQMP short-term measures for other categories. Range for oceangoing vessels (20 -52) based on varying deployment assumptions for IMO Tier 2 and 3 vessels and range of ports’ cargo forecasts. 2. 1997 80 ppb federal ambient ozone standard. Source: 2007 AQMP. South Coast Air Basin Top 15 NOx Categories: 2023 NOx Emissions With Adopted Rules Preliminary SCAQMD Estimates 1 2023 NOx carrying capacity for 80 ppb federal ozone standard 2 Preliminary 2030 NOx carrying capacity for current 75 ppb federal ozone standard
  5. 5. Health Consequences <ul><li>>5,000 premature deaths / year </li></ul><ul><li>9,000 hospitalizations / year </li></ul><ul><li>1.7 million cases respiratory illness / year </li></ul><ul><li>1.3 million school absences </li></ul><ul><li>2.8 million lost workdays / year </li></ul>
  6. 6. Strategy for Technology Advancement Technology Demonstrations Regulate Incentives & Funding Technology Providers End-Users
  7. 7. AQMD Clean Fuels Program <ul><li>Established in 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>$1 fee on DMV registrations ($~12M/yr) </li></ul><ul><li>Stationary source fee (~$400k/yr) </li></ul><ul><li>Research, develop, demonstrate, and deploy ( RD 3 ) clean technologies </li></ul>Technology Advancement Office Clean Fuels Program 2010 Annual Report and 2011 Plan Update March 2011
  8. 8. Advanced Technologies <ul><li>Aftertreatment </li></ul><ul><li>Emulsified Diesel </li></ul><ul><li>HD Natural Gas Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Gas Fueling Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Diesel Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid Vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Plug-in Electric Vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Gas to Liquid Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Renewables/Biofuels </li></ul><ul><li>H2 Technologies & Refueling </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Cell Vehicles </li></ul>Near-Term Longer-Term
  9. 9. Pathway Toward Zero-Emissions Electric car (Nissan Leaf) Battery Bus Heavy-duty battery truck
  10. 10. AQMD Demonstration Vehicles <ul><li>Battery-Electric Mini Es, Nissan Leaf </li></ul><ul><li>Plug-In Hybrid Toyota Prius </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Cell (Honda Clarity) </li></ul><ul><li>Ford Escape Converted PHEVs </li></ul><ul><li>Neighborhood Electric Vehicles </li></ul>
  11. 11. South Bay Cities COG LUV Project <ul><li>NEV Demo Extension $119,815 AQMD Clean Fuels, $230k total </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Add 2 NEVs and continue 4 NEVs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add drivers and applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct 12 month demonstration with data collection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential for Expansion </li></ul>
  12. 12. Electric Charging at AQMD <ul><li>Publicly accessible </li></ul><ul><li>Supports a variety of Plug-In Vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Upgrading to support new vehicles </li></ul>
  13. 13. Trucks <ul><li>Transpower Battery Electric Class 8 Truck </li></ul><ul><li>EVI/UPS Trucks </li></ul><ul><li>Plug-In Electric Utility Trucks and Buses </li></ul><ul><li>Balqon Heavy-Duty Battery Electric Yard Truck </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Monica Battery Electric Utility Truck </li></ul>
  14. 14. Transit Buses <ul><li>Battery-electric with quick charge (Foothill Transit: Protera) </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogen fuel cell (Sunline Transit: Van Hool, UTC Fuel Cell) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Clean Air Choices Outreach <ul><li>Governing Board direction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Design mobile application with vehicle calculator </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Update CleanAirChoices.org website </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Educate & Inform public </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Build momentum (elected officials & press) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deliverables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Board Retreat preview of mobile app </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Live Rollout target EVS26 in May </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. South Coast EV Charging Infrastructure Funding Programs Project Agencies Funding Source Amount SoCalEV Project AQMD, SoCalEV CEC/ SoCalEV $840,750 ChargeUp LA City of LA LADWP $2,000,000 Install EVSE Clipper Creek, Coulomb Technologies, ECOtality SCAQMD $210,000 Upgrade EVSE Clipper Creek CEC $760,000 ChargePoint America Coulomb Technologies DOE/CEC $1,400,000 The EV Project ECOtality DOE/CEC $3,200,000 TOTAL $8,400,000
  17. 17. DOE PEV Infrastructure Grant <ul><li>Received $1M grant from DOE Clean Cities Program for PEV infrastructure planning, AQMD as lead agency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Six regional plans (Bay Area, Central Coast, Sacramento, San Diego, San Joaquin, South Coast), statewide guidelines document, education outreach workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compile regional plans into statewide plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DOE agreement going to Oct Board for receiving grant and executing contracts with sub-recipients </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. CEC PEV Infrastructure Grant <ul><li>Received $200K from CEC for PEV infrastructure planning, SCAG and AQMD co-lead agencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fund sub-regional studies that feed into regional PEV infrastructure plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Awards announced in late Sept </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entering into contracting process </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. For More Information…. <ul><li>Dipankar Sarkar </li></ul><ul><li>(909) 396-2273 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.aqmd.gov </li></ul>

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