EVs: Past, Present, and Future

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  • Electricity is one of the oldest automobile propulsion methods still in use todaySeveral EV’s were developed in the Early 1830s. US caught on in late 1800sBy 1910 most homes were wired for electricityRoughly 40% of all automobiles were electric (Steam also around 40%)Peak Sales 1912Large oil reserves found in TX, CA, OK making gasoline more affordable1915 Henry Ford started mass producing gasoline carsGasoline cars were sold at substantially cheaper rates.By 1920 all electric vehicles has gone away1990 CARB Zero Emissions Vehicle MandateCar makers responded by developing new electric models (EV1, Rav4, Ranger EV)GM EV1 (Who Killed the Electric Car?)Once the mandate went away, the cars stopped being produced2010 with gas prices rising and oil becoming more scarce, Evs once again returnedNissan LEAF due on in December of this year. Tesla Roadster already ok2011- More vehicles Ford, Mitsubishi, Honda, BMW, Mini Copper, Fisker…
  • ADD BMW ACTIVEE IN SLIDES….FIRST ONE UP!!!!!1
  • Key PointsSAE Approved Universal plug for all new PEVS- can charge anywhereTechnology to communicate with smart chargers Designed for eventual vehicle-to-grid (V2G)
  • Level 1120V,15-20 A≈ 5 miles/hour of chargeLevel 2240 V, 40 A≈ 10-15 miles/hour of chargeLevel 3/DC Fast Charge480 V, 100 A≈ 80 miles in 30 min (24kWh battery)
  • Administered by California Center for Sustainable Energywww.energycenter.org/cvrp
  • EVs: Past, Present, and Future

    1. 1. Plug-In Electric Vehicles:Past, Present and Future www.energycenter.org
    2. 2. www.energycenter.org2
    3. 3. www.energycenter.org4
    4. 4. www.energycenter.org5
    5. 5. www.energycenter.org6
    6. 6. www.energycenter.org 7Source: California Air Resources Board
    7. 7.     www.energycenter.org8
    8. 8.    Source: California Air Resources Board www.energycenter.org9
    9. 9.    www.energycenter.org10
    10. 10. www.energycenter.org11
    11. 11. www.energycenter.org12
    12. 12. www.energycenter.org13
    13. 13. www.energycenter.org14
    14. 14. www.energycenter.org15
    15. 15. www.energycenter.org16
    16. 16. www.energycenter.org17
    17. 17. This is now… www.energycenter.org18
    18. 18. www.energycenter.org19
    19. 19. www.energycenter.org20
    20. 20. Plug Port www.energycenter.org22
    21. 21. www.energycenter.org23
    22. 22. Type of Vehicles Neighborhood electric vehicles (NEV), zero emission motorcycles (ZEM), PHEV, and ZEVRebate Amount Rebates range from $900-$2,500 depending on vehicle typeAvailable Funding $15M FY 2011-12 funding approved; currently $7.5M remainingHow is it funded Vehicle registration, vessel registration and smog abatement feesHow long is it Statute allows incentive funding through 2015,funded but project allocations are made annuallyProgram Details Go to www.energycenter.org/cvrp Rebates are on a first-come, first-served basis www.energycenter.org24
    23. 23.   www.energycenter.org25
    24. 24. www.energycenter.org26

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