Data centers presentation

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Data centers presentation

  1. 1. “The Green and Virtual Data Center”Enabling Efficient, Productive, Economical and Environmental Friendly IT Services Greg Schulz, Founder & Sr. Analyst -The Server and StorageIO Group Author “The Green and Virtual Data Center” (CRC/Taylor and Francis) And “Resilient Storage Networks – Designing Data Infrastructures” (Elsevier) © Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  2. 2. Industry Trend: Information Access Social Networking Media & Entertainment Education Blogs Communications Collaborative Private and Public Clouds Video Virtual and Traditional Data Centers CRM Remote Office Branch Offices (ROBO) E-commerce Transactional Reference Source: “Resilient Storage Networks” (Elsevier)© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  3. 3. Industry Trend: Data Growth and Access There is NO such thing as a data or processing recession Social Networking Media & Entertainment Education Blogs Communications Collaborative Applications Web Services & Middleware Video Databases (e.g. MySQL, Oracle, SQL) Operating systems (e.g. Linux, Solaris, Windows) Servers (Physical, Virtual and Cloud) CRM Storage, I/O and Data Networks Networks (LAN, SAN, MAN, WAN) E-commerce Transactional Reference Source: “Resilient Storage Networks” (Elsevier)© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  4. 4. Industry Trend: Myths and Realities These are constantly changing and evolvingMyth: Green IT is all about reducing carbon footprint Reality – Many facets to green IT, there is a Green Gap! Reality – Power, cooling, floor space, EH&S (PCFE), Recycling Reality – Business, economic & environment sustainabilityMyth: Energy efficiency & optimization is energy avoidance Reality – Also doing more work faster with less energyMyth: Server efficiency is capacity optimization (consolidation) Reality – Its also about time (performance) improvementMyth: Virtualization is all about consolidation to reduce costs Reality – Virtualization is also about enabling agility to sustain growthPower, Cooling, Floor space, Environmental (PCFE) Constraints© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  5. 5. Industry Trend: Compute Continuum We Are In a Consolidation Phase (Again)… Cell Phones, PDAs, Pocket PCs Converged Phones & Computers Desktop PCs & Laptops From Desktop to Laptop x86 and VMs Mid-range & Servers From Proprietary to x86 & Hypervisors & Open Mainframes LPARs/VMs Open Networking Native Linux Distribute Distribute Distribute Consolidate Consolidate 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s Service Info (SaaS) Software or Storage as a Service Bureau Utilities Managed Grid, Cloud, Out-source & In-source xSPs Service Web 2.0 Client Server Providers Source: “The Green and Virtual Data Center” (CRC)© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  6. 6. Industry Trend: Data Growth and Access Productivity and agility drives need for processing speed Characteristics and Functionality Web 2.0, SOA, SaaS CloudVirtualized object based development and resources Virtualization and Massive ScalingSmaller, faster, more affordable, increased volume ISP, MSP, ISP, SSP ConsolidateAdvanced operating and file system, GUI/UI Web 1.0Advanced programming and development tools Redistribute Client server, GUIsIncreased memory and processor capabilities PCs, Internet ConsolidationPhysically smaller, more affordable and reliableApplications need more processing capabilities Minis Computers DistributedCompilers and programming languages LAN Servers ComputingInteractive, online, and time sharing Service BureauLimited memory and processor constraints Mainframe ComputePhysically large, expensive capabilities Batch PerformanceAssembler, machine code, batch processing Highly Centralized To Support Demand Source: “The Green and Virtual Data Center” (CRC) © Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  7. 7. Industry Trend: Demand and Density The need for speed, faster, smaller, more efficient resources Rich Media and Web Applications Meeting Demand and Moore’s Law Source: Intel.com TimeSee “Data Center Performance Bottlenecks” www.storageio.com© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  8. 8. Industry Trend: IT Footprint Constraints Barriers that inhibit growth and improved service delivery• People/staffing – Resources managed per person• Time windows – Backup/recovery, BC/DR, provisioning• Cabinet/Floor space – Habitats for technology• Software licenses – Stretch available licenses further• Power (primary/standby) – More work per watt of energy• Cooling/HVAC – Do more work per Btu or ton of cooling• Available budgets – Stretch budgets to do more Notes: Space (capacity) centric, more data stored per watt of energy Time (performance) centric, more work done per watt of energy© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  9. 9. Industry Trend: IT Resource Constraints Demand out-pacing available resources = Bottlenecks Relative Available IT Resources IT Capacity Constrained Business Growth Inhibited Economic Penalties Lost Opportunities Compute Capacity Storage Capacity I/O Performance (IOPS & Bandwidth) Time Cooling/Distribution Networking PCFE Capacity Threshold Ceiling Servers Storage Other Available IT Resources/DemandPCFE = Power Cooling Footprint Economics Source: “The Green and Virtual Data Center” (CRC)© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  10. 10. Industry Trend: What’s The Buzz? No such thing as a data recession, Leverage what you have!In order to support demand: Available ResourcesDon’t save as much data, limit Performance, Availability,expansion and QoS enhancements Capacity, Energy = PACE E.g. Store and process more data in a denser footprintOrLeverage improved densitiesRemove IT footprint constraints QoS, Service Levels Response Time, AvailabilityBoost efficiency, lower unit costsImprove performanceDo more with what you have Unit Cost of ResourceAvoid compromise of QoS $ / Capacity, $ per IOPEnable agility and flexibility Capacity per watt, IOP per wattNote: Innovation = Do and enable more with less without compromising customer service© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  11. 11. Industry Trend: Next Generation Data Centers What the “Information Factory” of the future looks like Today!New and Emerging Time Tested & Field Proven • Scalable • Flexible • Resilient • Secure • Efficient Balance of new and old technologies Time (Performance) + Availability + Space (Capacity) + Economics Public and Private Clouds Disk, Tape and Snapshots CDP, SSD and Dedupe RAID and Replication Thin provisioning, Virtualization Fibre Channel, iSCSI, NAS pNFS, FCoE and SAS© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  12. 12. Industry Trend: What’s The Buzz? Closing the Green IT Gap: From Avoidance to Efficiency Today and Tomorrow Focus expands to Effectiveness and Productivity Expand from survival to productivity model Sidestep political or scientific debates Support growth and new applications Remove barriers and constraints Boost QoS levels per IT cost Efficiency drive environmental and economic benefits Past and Present Focus on Cost and Carbon Footprints Social and environmental responsibility Some areas focused on energy avoidance Conservation and consolidation only go so far!© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  13. 13. Industry Trend: Metrics Matter How to Measure Energy Efficiency and Effectiveness Categories & Price Bands Usage Cases How Measured Easy to Use Reflective of Diversity of Storage Active & Idle, etc. Needs toBe Applicable to Usage Best Practices Model Source: “The Green and Virtual Data Center” (CRC)© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  14. 14. Industry Trend: Habitats for Technology Physical facilities, HVAC, alternative energy, co-generation Action Items Natural Gas, Coal, Nuclear, Hydro, Wind, Perform an assessment Solar, Methane, Part of Capacity Planning Fuel Cell Co-Generation Look at Intelligent Cooling Solar PowerElectric Utility Power Control SystemGenerator UPS Cooling Economizers Source: “The Green and Virtual Data Center” (CRC) © Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  15. 15. Industry Trend: IT Optimization Breaking down barriers to IT productivity and effectiveness VolCD SharedC1 VolCC Email CAD,EDA, SpreadsheetsWeb 2.0 Video/Audio File Serving Billing, E-Tail Database, DSS Messaging SW Dev. PPTs, PDFs• Instead of: Transition to: • Leverage:  Dedicated hardware  Shared hardware Applications tied to hardware Map application to best resource Proprietary aging hardware Open industry standard hardware  Limited or costly support  Reduced support costs Hardware and software Reduce cost and complexity  Lack of agility or flexibility  Enable agility or flexibility Non-optimized resources Optimize to meet QoS needs Underutilized or starved Balance performance utilization Limited or no sharing Eliminate bottlenecks Inadequate data protection Timely data protection© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  16. 16. Industry Trend: Tomorrow’s Environment Highly leveraged fast and efficient IT resources VolCD SharedC1 VolCC Email CAD,EDA, SpreadsheetsWeb 2.0 Video/Audio File Serving Billing, E-Tail Database, DSS Messaging SW Dev. PPTs, PDFsWindows Solaris Linux NetWare HP Solaris Windows HP Windows IBM Windows Windows XP XP XP NT & 95 Vista Multiple operating systems and versions Map resources to where needed to meet QoS requirements Virtualization Layer Reduced complexity, fast processors for time sensitive applications Improved resource sharing and load-balancing Multi-core processor Server systems© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  17. 17. Industry Trend: Technology Alignment Tiered IT Resources: Find and Fix Performance Bottlenecks Convergence and Interdependency Servers + I/O Networking + StorageThe need for speed. Fast servers needfast I/O networks and fast storagemediums and devices. Slow storage Balancing Act PACE Footprintand I/O networks causes fast serversto have to wait resulting in lost add storage pyramid chart… Need to Cost PCFEproductivity and resource waste! Service LevelT0 = SSD (FLASH & RAM)T1 = Fast 15.5K RPM HDDT2 = High Capacity HDDT3 = Tape, Optical, other Source: “The Green and Virtual Data Center” (CRC)© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  18. 18. Industry Trend: Leveraging Density Demand for more IT resources in same footprint Impact of increasing density of IT resources Available power & cooling per cabinet footprint threshold Required Power per Cabinet Relative processing capabilities per Server (Quantity of Mhz or Ghz and Cores) Server Density per Rack 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th Generation Generation Generation Generation Generation Generation Time Generation of IT equipment (Servers, storage, or networks) Source: “The Green and Virtual Data Center” (CRC)© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  19. 19. Industry Trend: Storage Optimization Balancing Performance, Availability, Capacity, Economics 28 TBytes 263.4 TBytes 192 TBytes Good performance Great performance Good capacity Energy use 7.5 kWh Great capacity Energy use 7.5 kWh Energy cost $7.9K 6.4 kWh Energy cost $7.9K Energy cost $6.7K Before After Before All tier-1 Tiered Solution All tier-2192 x 146GB 15K Disks 4 x 250GB SSDs 192 x 1TB HDDs Performance hot spots 32 x 450GB 15.5K Disks Performance hot spots Low space utilization 124 x 2TB 7.2K HDDs Low IOPS per watt Low capacity per watt Improved performance, Good energy use Medium IOPS per watt Capacity and energy use Good utilization Limited or no growth Room for growth Limited or no growth (1)Assumes 12 cents per kWh© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  20. 20. Industry Trend: Tiered Access Networks Balance technologies with RTO and RPO requirements• What are your applicable threats/risks?• What are applicable techniques?  Mirroring, Snapshots, Replication, CDP  Remote backup and archiving  Physical or electronic transport of tapes/media• What are some technologies  PCIe, SAS, FC, FCoE, Ethernet, InfiniBand  IOV, LAN, SAN, MAN, WAN  Storage over IP (iSCSI, FCIP, NAS)  WAFS, DRO, WADM and other optimizersConsiderations: How much distance is needed? What are the latency requirements? How much data needs to be moved in what timeframe? What are the RTO and RPO needs? What applications are involved? What are budget and network constraints?See Chapter 6 “Resilient Storage Networks” (Elsevier)© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  21. 21. What You Can Do Today! Virtual and cloud environments need physical resources• Gain Control of Virtual and Physical Resources  Have your environment analyzed, develop a strategy and plan  Fill-in the gaps and add plug-ins to virtualization frameworks  Leverage new technologies and capabilities  Fast and energy efficient servers with intelligent power management (IPM)  Smart and precision cooling techniques and technologies  Data and system insight and resource management tools  Blade systems, virtual I/O connectivity and virtual storage platforms  Data footprint reduction: Archive, real-time compress, de-dupe  Disk based snapshots, backup, replication and archiving  Encryption and key management of fixed and removable media  Watch for Energy Star™ for Servers, Storage and Data Centers© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  22. 22. Industry Trend: Virtualization (Next Phase) Life beyond consolidation: Abstraction, emulate and agility Issues That Inhibit Consolidation: Total server • QoS and performance barriers and storage • Politics and financial constraints Tomorrow market size • Competitive or legal purposes Non-consolidated • Security and compliance Action servers or storage • Emulation Consolidation applies • Abstraction only to a fraction • AggregationConsolidated servers of all servers A large market and • Migration and storage using or storage IT virtualization virtualization opportunity! Market and IT opportunity = Life beyond consolidation Today Using server or storage virtualization for IT resource management enabling abstraction and transparency for massive scaling, BC, DR & routine infrastructure resource management (IRM) operational functions Source: “The Green and Virtual Data Center” (CRC)© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  23. 23. Closing Comments Basic Premises – Gain management insight and control• IT data centers are information factories  End to end (E2E) cross technology management becomes essential  Gain situational awareness of resource usage and effectiveness!• Many approaches/technologies depending upon issues  Avoid simply moving IT problems or bottlenecks around  Solve problems and issues to enable IT and business growth  Small changes on large basis have big impacts• Balance between futures and what works today  Align correct technology to business requirements and objectives  Utilize tiered storage and tiered data protection  Leverage virtualization to bridge from the past to the future© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com
  24. 24. Next Steps Where to Learn More• Where to learn more  www.storageio.com articles, videos & webcasts  www.storageioblog.com and twitter @storageio  The Green and Virtual Data Center (CRC)  Resilient Storage Networks (Elsevier)  Feel free to call, email or twitter with follow-up questions! ISBN: 978-1-555583113 ISBN: 978-1-4200-8666-9© Copyright 2010 Server and StorageIO Group All rights reserved. www.serverandstorageio.com

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