Cellular Networks forEV & Charging Infrastructure Integration<br />Andy Wood<br />Qualcomm<br />
Qualcomm Incorporated<br />2<br /><ul><li>Founded in 1985
FORTUNE 500 company
Developed CDMA, foundation of 3G cellular networks
#1 wireless semiconductor firm
16,000+ employees
100+ offices in 22 countries
Headquarters in San Diego, CA</li></ul>Revenues FY09<br />$10.4 billion<br />
EVs & Charging Infrastructure require connectivity<br />Remote control & diagnostics<br />Vehicle & user authentication<br...
Key players relying on commercial cellular networks<br />Examples:<br />Nissan<br />GM<br />ECOtality<br />Coulomb<br />Be...
Reason #1 : Mobility<br />Electric Vehicles are mobile nodes in the Smart Grid<br />1011101010001010110<br />0100110110101...
96% U.S. population covered by mobile broadband*<br />99% non-rural coverage* - good  match with expected EV clusters<br /...
Reason #3 : Standards-based<br />Well established standard bodies<br />3rd Generation Partnership Project<br />	(3GPP)<br ...
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Andy wood electric vehicles powering up and charging forward

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Andy wood electric vehicles powering up and charging forward

  1. 1. Cellular Networks forEV & Charging Infrastructure Integration<br />Andy Wood<br />Qualcomm<br />
  2. 2. Qualcomm Incorporated<br />2<br /><ul><li>Founded in 1985
  3. 3. FORTUNE 500 company
  4. 4. Developed CDMA, foundation of 3G cellular networks
  5. 5. #1 wireless semiconductor firm
  6. 6. 16,000+ employees
  7. 7. 100+ offices in 22 countries
  8. 8. Headquarters in San Diego, CA</li></ul>Revenues FY09<br />$10.4 billion<br />
  9. 9. EVs & Charging Infrastructure require connectivity<br />Remote control & diagnostics<br />Vehicle & user authentication<br />Locate and reserve charging points<br />Billing and payment<br />Load control and demand response<br />Ancillary services<br />
  10. 10. Key players relying on commercial cellular networks<br />Examples:<br />Nissan<br />GM<br />ECOtality<br />Coulomb<br />Better Place<br />Why are the EV innovators choosing cellular? <br />
  11. 11. Reason #1 : Mobility<br />Electric Vehicles are mobile nodes in the Smart Grid<br />1011101010001010110<br />010011011010101010<br />
  12. 12. 96% U.S. population covered by mobile broadband*<br />99% non-rural coverage* - good match with expected EV clusters<br />Available now, very flexible in terms of EV location and scale<br />Multi-mode / mix & match systems to take advantage of various carriers & technologies<br />96%<br />Total pops<br />99%<br />Non-rural pops<br />Reason #2 : Coverage & Availability<br />* FCC estimates; “Bringing Broadband to Rural America”; May 2009<br />
  13. 13. Reason #3 : Standards-based<br />Well established standard bodies<br />3rd Generation Partnership Project<br /> (3GPP)<br />GSM, UMTS, LTE<br />3rd Generation Partnership Project 2<br /> (3GPP2)<br />1xRTT, EV-DO (Rev. 0 / A / B)<br />Specifications available at www.3GPP.org and www.3GPP2.org<br />
  14. 14. Reason #4 : Real-Time Communications<br />Readiness for integration in advanced Smart Grid tasks<br />2.5G<br />2.75G<br />3G<br />UMTS<br />3G<br />EVDO<br />Source: ISO/RTO Council; “Assessment of Plug-in Electric Vehicle Integration with ISO/RTO Systems” March 2010<br />End-to-End Average Ping Time (RTT1) Between Network Nodes<br />Performance is based on empirical measurements from commercially available systems.<br />Source: CDMA Development Group; “Mobile Broadband Comparison”; March 2008<br />
  15. 15. Reason #5 : Multi-mode Flexibility<br />2G<br />4G<br />3G<br />Coverage<br />Module cost<br />Connectivity cost<br />Latency<br />Throughput<br />Lifecycle<br />9<br />
  16. 16. Concern #1 : Connectivity Cost<br />Key factors: scale, network utilization, carrier relationship<br />Source: SmartSynch webinar in June 9, 2010<br />http://energycentral.fileburst.com/Product_webcasts/20100609_Cellular_Smart_Grid_SSI.swf<br />
  17. 17. Concern #2 : Reliability & Security<br />As any network – not 100% invulnerable,<br />end-to-end security architecture approach required<br />Managed nature address control & privacy issues<br />Passed tests of:<br />Scale (4 ~ 5 billion subs)<br />Time (decades in operation)<br />Users (financial sector, U.S. president)<br />
  18. 18. Takeaways<br />Cellular to play key role in EV ecosystem<br />Mobility<br />Coverage<br />Standards-based<br />Real-time Communications<br />Multi-mode flexibility<br />3G presents advantages over 2G, multi-mode / mix & match aggregate benefits from both<br />Concerns exists, but can be addressed with right architecture and business approaches<br />
  19. 19. Thank you<br />

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