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  1. 1. From Russia With Love, V.P.
  2. 2. LENIN 1917 - 1924
  3. 3. <ul><li>Major Points </li></ul><ul><li>Bolshevik revolution overthrew the moderate provincial government that had been put in place after the defeat of Tsar Nicholas II in 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>Lenin was a Marxist - equality>freedom </li></ul><ul><li>He instituted the idea of a Vanguard Party - slightly upper class-intelligentsia, but were acting on behalf of the working class-proletariat </li></ul><ul><li>He based his regime on Democratic Centralism -made to look “for the people”, actually for the leaders, eventually lost all democratic notions </li></ul><ul><li>In 1922, Lenin officially formed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), or the Soviet Union and instituted his New Economic Policy. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Kruschev
  5. 5. <ul><li>Only soviet leader peacefully removed from office </li></ul><ul><li>De-stalinization—reduce the use of terror to maintain power of the government </li></ul><ul><li>Very dramatic personality </li></ul><ul><li>Expand the economy to more than just military needs </li></ul><ul><li>Cuban Missile Crisis </li></ul>1 954-1964
  6. 6. GORBACHEV 1985-1991 <ul><li>4 PARTS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Restructuring- perestroika </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Openness- glasnot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concept of democritization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign policy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trigger change between citizens and state in USSR </li></ul><ul><li>BIGGEST PROBLEM : economic policy </li></ul><ul><li>BIGGEST SUCCESS : foreign policy </li></ul>
  7. 7. Consequences: Financial crisis Crime and corruption Low state authority Political crisis DISBANDED THE PARLIAMENT they couldn’t come to a consensus on New Russian constitution (because of Yeltsin’s radical ideas)
  8. 8. Putin (2000 - 2008) <ul><li>Pulls back from Yeltsin’s push towards democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidates control after Yeltsin’s crisis with restored legal order and strong state </li></ul><ul><li>Restores economy (ex: legislation to control money laundering, provision for the sale of land to both domestic and foreign buyers, governing distribution of authority of tax revenues on a local level, simple tax system, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Enhances relationship with NATO and G-7, which becomes G-8 </li></ul><ul><li>Makes change to the constitution so that presidents can run for three terms instead of two </li></ul>