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Federalism Timeline Ppt Lindsey Abbi Zoe Emily


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Federalism Timeline Ppt Lindsey Abbi Zoe Emily

  1. 1. Federal Power: The Supreme Court and the New Deal
  2. 2. Court Packing Plan: FDR wanted to appoint a new justice to the Supreme Court for every justice that exceeded the age of 70: fit his views   Plan doesn't pass, but justices reconsider....   New justices appointed: more federal power
  3. 3. Cooperative federalism – a system of government in which the state and national governments work together to solve issues while sharing common power, responsibility, and authority   -Marked a dramatic shift in our federal government: New Deal programs relied on state and federal governments working together to revive the American economy (public works, welfare, and unemployment assistance projects) “ Cooperative federalism is just like a piece of marble cake!” What is Cooperative Federalism ? How did FDR’s policies help to bring about this redefinition of federalism?
  4. 4. On what basis did the Court justify the expansion of federal power during this time period? <ul><li>1930s </li></ul><ul><li>FDR’s Court-Packing Plan, initiated to embed the New Deal into our government </li></ul><ul><li>Limited government in state affairs </li></ul><ul><li>The economic crisis of the 1930s was too large for individual states to handle so the federal government needed to intervene. </li></ul><ul><li>Involved cooperation between the states and national government </li></ul><ul><li>** Most important result of the New Deal: Americans now consider the national government responsible for solving problems </li></ul>
  5. 5. 1960s <ul><li>Pathways of action were taken primarily in the </li></ul><ul><li>1960s to pressure equal liberties for African </li></ul><ul><li>Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1964 Congress enacted Title II of the Civil </li></ul><ul><li>Rights Act which prohibited the discrimination of African Americans in public places. </li></ul><ul><li>Federal government’s argument: Title II regulated commerce by </li></ul><ul><li>attacking a major barrier to interstate travel by </li></ul><ul><li>African Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States, 1964: </li></ul><ul><li>Denied admittance of African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Katzenbach v. McClung, 1964: </li></ul><ul><li>Denied service </li></ul><ul><li>** the Court used the Interstate Commerce to </li></ul><ul><li>justify its involvement in state affairs </li></ul>
  6. 6. Supremacy Clause: Article IV Federal laws shall be the supreme law of the Land Normal Division of Power Public welfare Environmental Property rights crime education Wage war Regulate commerce and coining money Raise an army
  7. 7. 1930’s under FDR Education Environmental issues Crime
  8. 8. Actions and articles during the 1930’s and 60’s such as FDR’s court packing plan, civil rights movements, and also the supremacy clause, are all examples of how the division of power between the state government and federal government shifted towards the federal government gaining power. This was only one time period though; the balance of power is constantly changing…
  9. 9. Work Cited: U.S. Capitol FDR Court Packing FDR and the NEW DEAL'smediafolder/media%20SpCom%20597c%20spring%202002/FDR%20fireside%20chat%20March%201933.jpg Schneider, Michael . The Great Depression 1964 Civil Rights Act Signing Distribution of Power PICS