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Literary Elements—Parts that Make Up a Story


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What are the parts that make up a story?

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Literary Elements—Parts that Make Up a Story

  1. 1. 1<br />Literary Elements<br />What parts make up a a story?<br /><br />
  2. 2. Story “Grammar”(the parts of stories and how they’re put together)<br /><ul><li>Setting
  3. 3. Characters
  4. 4. Plot
  5. 5. Climax
  6. 6. Theme
  7. 7. Resolution
  8. 8. Denouement</li></ul>2<br />
  9. 9. Setting<br />3<br />Details that describe:<br /><ul><li>Furniture
  10. 10. Scenery
  11. 11. Customs
  12. 12. Transportation
  13. 13. Clothing
  14. 14. Dialects
  15. 15. Weather
  16. 16. Time of day
  17. 17. Time of year</li></ul>Time and place are where the action occurs<br />
  18. 18. 4<br />Elements of a Setting<br />
  19. 19. The Functions of a Setting<br />Once upon a time there lived in a certain village a little country girl, the prettiest creature who was ever seen. Her mother was excessively fond of her; and her grandmother doted on her still more. This good woman had a little red riding hood made for her. It suited the girl so extremely well that everybody called her Little Red Riding Hood. <br />One day her mother, having made some cakes, said to her, "Go, my dear, and see how your grandmother is doing, for I hear she has been very ill. Take her a cake, and this little pot of butter." <br />Little Red Riding Hood set out immediately to go to her grandmother, who lived in another village. <br />As she was going through the wood, she met with a wolf… <br /><ul><li>To create a mood or atmosphere
  20. 20. To show a reader a different way of life
  21. 21. To make action seem more real
  22. 22. To be the source of conflict or struggle
  23. 23. To symbolize an idea</li></ul>5<br />Taken from “Little Red Riding Hood” by Charles Perrault<br />
  24. 24. <ul><li>People or animals
  25. 25. Major characters
  26. 26. Minor characters
  27. 27. Round characters
  28. 28. Flat characters</li></ul>6<br />Types of Characters<br />
  29. 29. <ul><li>A writer reveals what a character is like and how the character changes throughout the story.
  30. 30. Two primary methods of characterization:
  31. 31. Direct-writer tells what the character is like
  32. 32. Indirect-writer shows what a character is like by describing what the character looks like, by telling what the character says and does, and by what other characters say about and do in response to the character.</li></ul>7<br />Characterization<br />
  33. 33.   She suffered intensely, feeling herself born for every delicacy and every luxury. She suffered from the poverty of her dwelling, from the worn walls, the abraded chairs, the ugliness of the stuffs. All these things, which another woman of her caste would not even have noticed, tortured her and made her indignant. <br />From “The Necklace” by Guy de Montpassant<br />8<br />Direct Characterization<br />
  34. 34. The thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne as I best could; but when he ventured upon insult, I vowed revenge. You, who so well know the nature of my soul, will not suppose, however, that I gave utterance to a threat. AT LENGTH I would be avenged; this was a point definitively settled -- but the very definitiveness with which it was resolved precluded the idea of risk. I must not only punish, but punish with impunity. <br />From “Cask of Amontillado” by Edgar Allen Poe<br />9<br />Indirect Characterization<br />
  35. 35. 10<br />Elements of Character<br />
  36. 36. <ul><li>Physical appearance of character
  37. 37. Personality
  38. 38. Background/personal history
  39. 39. Motivation
  40. 40. Relationships
  41. 41. Conflict
  42. 42. Does character change?</li></ul>11<br />Factors in Analyzing Characters<br />
  43. 43. Plot<br />Plot is what happens and how it happens in a narrative. A narrative is any work that tells a story, such as a short story, a novel, a drama, or a narrative poem.<br />12<br />
  44. 44. 13<br />Parts of a Plot<br /><ul><li>Inciting incident– event that gives rise to conflict (opening situation)
  45. 45. Development- events that occur as result of central conflict (rising action)
  46. 46. Climax- highest point of interest or suspense of story
  47. 47. Resolution- when conflict ends
  48. 48. Denouement- when characters go back to their life before the conflict</li></li></ul><li>Diagram of Plot<br />Climax<br />Resolution<br />Development/Rising Action<br />Introduction <br />Denouement<br />Inciting incident/Opening situation<br />14<br />
  49. 49. 15<br />Special Techniques of Plot<br /><ul><li>Suspense- excitement or tension
  50. 50. Foreshadowing- hint or clue about what will happen in story
  51. 51. Flashback- interrupts the normal sequence of events to tell about something that happened in the past
  52. 52. Surprise Ending- conclusion that reader does not expect</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Conflict is a struggle between opposing forces
  53. 53. Every plot must contain some kind of conflict
  54. 54. Stories can have more than one conflict
  55. 55. Conflicts can be external or internal
  56. 56. External conflict- outside force may be person, group, animal, nature, or a nonhuman obstacle
  57. 57. Internal conflict- takes place in a character’s mind</li></ul>16<br />Conflict<br />
  58. 58. Theme<br /><ul><li>A central message, concern, or insight into life expressed through a literary work
  59. 59. Can be expressed by one or two sentence statement about human beings or about life
  60. 60. May be stated directly or implied
  61. 61. Interpretation uncovers the theme</li></ul>17<br />
  62. 62. “The magi, as you know, were wise men--wonderfully wise men--who brought gifts to the Babe in the manger. They invented the art of giving Christmas presents. Being wise, their gifts were no doubt wise ones, possibly bearing the privilege of exchange in case of duplication. And here I have lamely related to you the uneventful chronicle of two foolish children in a flat who most unwisely sacrificed for each other the greatest treasures of their house. But in a last word to the wise of these days let it be said that of all who give gifts these two were the wisest. O all who give and receive gifts, such as they are wisest. Everywhere they are wisest. They are the magi.”<br />From “Gift of the Magi,” by O. Henry<br />18<br />Example of Theme<br />