A pindustrialrevpowerpoint

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A pindustrialrevpowerpoint

  1. 1. DO NOW: What does this cartoon say about working conditions during the Industrial Revolution?
  2. 2. The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain
  3. 3. Inventions Spur Technological Advances Britain’s textile industry would be the first to be transformed. By 1800, several inventions had modernized the cotton industry. 1733 – John Kay – “Flying Shuttle” A shuttle sped back and forth on wheels. The flying shuttle, a boat-shaped piece of wood to which yarn was attached, doubled the work a weaver could do in a day. 1764 – James Hargreaves – “Spinning Jenny” A spinning wheel used to weave yarn. It allowed a spinner to work 8 threads at a time. 1769 – Richard Arkwright – “Water Frame” Used water-power from rapid streams to drive spinning wheels. 1779 – Samuel Crompton – “Spinning Mule” Combined the features of the spinning jenny and the water frame to make thread that was stronger and finer. 1787 – Edmund Cartwright - “Power Loom” Run by water-power. Sped up weaving.
  4. 4. What were the advantages and disadvantages of these new machines? <ul><li>Cloth merchants could boost profits by speeding up production </li></ul><ul><li>Needed to be run by __________ </li></ul><ul><li>The machines were large and expensive. This took the work of spinning and weaving out of the house and into the factory. </li></ul><ul><li>Progress in the textile industry spurred other technological inventions. </li></ul>waterpower
  5. 5. 1765 – ___________ – “Steam Engine” Need for a cheap, convenient source of power was met with the invention of the steam engine. James Watt
  6. 6. Improvements in Transportation Road Transportation John McAdam – Paved Roads – Early 1800s Equipped roadbeds with a layer of large stones for drainage. On top, he placed a smoothed layer of crushed rock. Previously, rain and mud often made roads impassable and men were known to drown in potholes. Steam Locomotives George Stephenson – “The Rocket” - 1829
  7. 7. Impact of the Railroads <ul><li>Railroads spurred industrial growth by giving manufacturers a cheap way to transport material and finished products. </li></ul><ul><li>Railroad boom created hundreds of thousands of new jobs for both railroad workers and miners. </li></ul><ul><li>The railroads boosted England’s agricultural and fishing industries, which could transport their products to distant cities. </li></ul><ul><li>By making travel easier, railroads encouraged people to take distant city jobs. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Factory Conditions <ul><li>Factory Work Was Harsh: </li></ul><ul><li>There were rigid schedules with _______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Work was the same day after day, week after week. </li></ul><ul><li>There were high injury rates. Frequent accidents ___________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>There was no ___________. Workers were fired for being sick, working too slow, or for no reason at all. </li></ul><ul><li>Women and children were _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Wages were low </li></ul>long hours and few breaks (Ex: lost limbs in machines) job security paid less than men
  9. 9. Boys in Coal Mines
  10. 10. Miner A young driver in the Brown mine. Has been driving one year. Works 7 a.m. to 5:30pm daily.
  11. 11. Child coal miners
  12. 12. Girl hauling coal in a mine shaft
  13. 13. Children In Cotton Mill
  14. 14. Girl at Weaving Machine in Textile Mill
  15. 15. Girls in Box Factory
  16. 16. Children At Work
  17. 17. Glimpse of the Outside World What types of things do you think this young girl dreams of as she looks out the factory window?
  18. 18. View Of Spinning Room
  19. 19. Entering Work
  20. 20. Young Knitters in a Mill
  21. 21. Boys in a Mill
  22. 22. Fish Cutters
  23. 23. Living Conditions <ul><li>Urbanization: </li></ul><ul><li>Cities became more common and more populated – some ______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>People migrated to cities looking for work, especially unemployed farmers due to the ______________. </li></ul><ul><li>Cities were dirty and dangerous. There was a lack of sanitation laws, no fire and police departments, no running water. </li></ul>Enclosure Acts doubled or tripled in size
  24. 24. “Dens Of Death”
  25. 25. Rear View of a Tenement Building
  26. 26. Working class neighborhood in Industrial London
  27. 27. A Dollar A Month To Sleep In Sheds
  28. 28. Life In A Tenement House
  29. 29. Night In A Tenement
  30. 30. How does this illustration depict city life for the lower class?
  31. 31. Results of the Industrial Revolution <ul><li>I. Change in Social Structure </li></ul><ul><li>A. The ______________ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aristocratic nobles and landowners were still in control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. The Capitalist Upper Class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They were ____________ who used their money to buy and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>build factories and run large businesses. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. The New Middle Class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professionals, investors, merchants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They were financially stable, educated, and they _______ to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>become upper class. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. The New Working Class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowly, unskilled, mechanical, poor, __________________ </li></ul></ul>Traditional elite aspired entreprenuers uneducated workers
  32. 32. Middle Class views of the Working Class and the poor According to this drawing, how does the middle class view the lower class?
  33. 33. <ul><li>Middle-class families move away from cities (suburbanization) </li></ul><ul><li>Middle-class women gain new roles in caring for children and the home </li></ul><ul><li>Higher wages and increased leisure time (for some) led to more consumerism and a mass leisure culture (popular newspapers, entertainment, vacations, team sports) </li></ul>II. Family Life Changes / Class and Gender Distinctions
  34. 35. Middle-Class (rich) American family in Paris.
  35. 36. <ul><li>III. Labor movements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed seeking better wages and working conditions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers organized into unions and threatened to strike. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually, laws limiting child labor, shorter working hours, and safer working conditions were introduced. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IV. New economic structures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emerge to address the new industrial society. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>V. New government functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School compulsive until age 12, and even beyond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wider welfare measures and regulatory roles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>__________________ – Gave the Parliamentary right to vote to most middle-class men </li></ul></ul>Reform Bill of 1832
  36. 37. VI. Advances in scientific knowledge _____________– Discover of Germs = sanitary regulations Charles Darwin –________________ “Survival of the Fittest” Albert Einstein – Theory of Relativity _____________ – Theories of the human subconscious Louis Pasteur Theory of Evolution Sigmund Freud
  37. 38. VII. New directions in artistic expression _____________ – Artistic and intellectual movement that originated in the late 18th century and stressed strong emotion, imagination, freedom from classical correctness in art forms, and rebellion against social conventions. The Wanderer above the Snowfields by Caspar David Friedrich Sun Rising Through The Vapors by J.M.W. Turner Romanticism

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