Fungicide China News Sample - Published by CCM International Ltd


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Fungicides China News is a monthly report with 12 issues per annum published by CCM International Limited. It's your gateway to know what is happening in China Market. Key columns include company dynamics, price update,pricing, supply & demand, Policy,disease,raw material,intermediates and additives,registration, etc. If you are interested in this newsletter or ask for the latest sample, please contact or 86-20-38767072.

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Fungicide China News Sample - Published by CCM International Ltd

  1. 1. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6.2009 Copyright © CCM International Limited
  2. 2. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6, 10 June 2009 Content ■ Overview ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 1 China’s fungicides with self-dominated intellectual property right (I)..............................................................1 ■ Supply and Demand �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������2 Large demand boosts difenoconazole market ...................................................................................................2 Foreign procurement boosts captan & folpet market ........................................................................................3 Isoprothiolane sales robust ................................................................................................................................4 Hymexazol prosperity in April ...........................................................................................................................4 ■ Price updates ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 5 Monthly price of key raw materials in Jun. 2009 .............................................................................................. 5 Monthly factory price of main fungicides in Jun. 2009 ....................................................................................6 Monthly Shanghai port price and FOB Shanghai of main fungicides in Jun. 2009 ......................................... 6 Monthly market price of main crops in Jun. 2009 ............................................................................................ 7 ■ Pricing ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 7 Most fungicide prices continue downtrend in early June ................................................................................. 7 Jiangsu Chengyang to build 200t/a cyproconazole ..........................................................................................8 ■ Company Dynamics �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������8 Shanghai carried out a new provision in 1 June ................................................................................................8 Shouguang ShuangXing to build 1,000t/a tebuconazole ..................................................................................9 Jiangsu Taicang to build another 300t/a benomyl technical ......................................................................... 10 Jiangsu Lanfeng’s thiophanate-methyl sees robust demand ..........................................................................11 ■ Raw Material, Intermediates and Additives ����������������������������������������������������� 12 JZPC building 100,000t/a m-xylene ............................................................................................................... 12 ■ Disease ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 13 Potato late blight to prevail in China ............................................................................................................... 13 Serious wheat stripe rust and powdery mildew in Henan ............................................................................... 14 ■ Registration ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 15 Fungicide registration in May 2009 .................................................................................................................15 Metalaxyl mixed formulation registration soars in China............................................................................... 16 ■ Policy ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 17 Shandong to boost 6 fungicide projects ............................................................................................................17 ■ News in brief ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 18 Guangdong enters peak season of rice diseases .............................................................................................. 18 Registration situation of flutriafol technical in China ..................................................................................... 18 Wheat leaf rust outbreak in Henan ................................................................................................................. 18 Jiangsu Limin’s 100t/a difenoconazole project to launch in July................................................................... 19 CCM International Limited I
  3. 3. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 Headlines of Fungicides Welcome to the June issue of Fungicides China News, China News 0906 published by CCM International, a professional consulting company which has been extensively and intently focusing on dynamics of China’s fungicides industry. This newsletter  China has developed 14 fungicides with self- has covered fungicide market overview, supply & demand, dominated intellectual property right, and price update, company dynamics, policies, registrations, etc. commercially produced most.  Owing to large demand both at home and abroad, difenoconazole technical supply is very tight in May China’s fungicide industry has witnessed fast development 2009. in recent years, especially in 2008, with output growth of 43.1%, to 196,000 tonnes from 137,000 tonnes in 2007.  Some foreign producers have suspended production Meanwhile, the international trade has grown largely. of captan and folpet technical, which will boost production and export of these two export-oriented fungicides in China. This issue covers overview of Chinese fungicides with self-  With the coming of peak season for rice blast control, dominated intellectual property right, supply & demand isoprothiolane production and sales have been of difenoconazole, captan and folpet, isoprothiolane, robust. hymexazol, dynamics of Jiangsu Chengyang, Shouguang Shuangxing, Jiangsu Taicang and Jiangsu Lanfeng,  Hymexazol has enjoyed a promising market since registration and price situation of popular fungicides, April 2009, which has boosted stable production in disease forecast on potato and wheat, etc. domestic market.  Price of most popular fungicides continues to decrease in early June, some even reaching the During 2009 and beyond we will cover a wide variety of lowest level in recent years. topics relevant to China’s fungicides market, including market/consumption dynamics, related policies/legislations,  Jiangsu Chengyang is registering 95% disease dynamics, fungicide production situation, cyproconazole technical and planning to build a 200t/ international cooperation, new products, etc. a cyproconazole technical production line in its new plant located in Nanjing. If there are specific topics you would like to see us cover or  Shouguang Shuangxing is to launch a 1,000t/a would like to investigate any of the subjects covered in more tebuconazole technical production line in the end of detail, please contact us - CCM International. 2009  Jiangsu Taicang plans to build another 300t/a benomyl technical production line in its new plant located in Rugao County, thus expanding its total benomyl capacity to 900t/a.  Jiangsu Lanfeng, the largest thiophanate-methyl Key companies covered in this issue producer with capacity of 4,500~5,000t/a in China, is embracing robust demand at home and abroad.  Jiangsu Zhongxin Petrochemical Company now is building a 100,000t/a m-xylene production line.  Potato late blight has occurred severely in Chongqing and Sichuan by mid May 2009, with stricken area increasing by 87.7% and 37.0% respectively over the same period of last year  Wheat stripe rust and powdery mildew, which occurred more severely in 2009 with large stricken areas, has promoted a remarkable demand growth for triazole fungicides.  Chinese fungicide registrations in May 2009 had a great decrease compared with April. Only 12 fungicide technical were registered.  The registration for Metalaxyl mixed formulations has soared in 2008 and 2009, compared with almost no technical or single formulation registration in the past ten years.  Shandong releases guiding opinions on local pesticide industry and plans to boost 6 fungicide projects. CCM International Limited II
  4. 4. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 ■ Overview China’s fungicides with self-dominated intellectual property right (I) C hina has developed 14 fungicides with self-dominated intellectual property right, all of which were FIGURE 2: Structure formula of SYP-Z071 resistance when used with other fungicides. According to field test result of tomato botrytis cinerea registered in the Institute for the control from SYRICI, control effect Control of Agrochemicals, Ministry of 25% SYP-Z048 EC reaches 89.79% of Agriculture (ICAMA), and most with dosage of 400 g(i.a.)/ha., higher of them have been commercially than that of 40% pyrimethanil SC produced by domestic companies. Source: SYRICI and 50% procymidone WP (Pls refer to Fungicides China News 0905, Page In this issue, CCM would like to SYRICI has completed technological 1). introduce 4 of these fungicides, upgrade of SYP-Z071 by launching developed by Shenyang Research a new production line with SYP-1620 Institute of Chemical Industry enestroburin technical capacity of (SYRICI). 10t/a in late 2008. SYRICI can also SYP-1620, a new strobilurin fungicide produce SYP-Z071 formulation: 25% with broad-range of fungicidal SYP-Z071 EC, with capacity of 40t/a. activity, developed by SYRICI in Flumorph 1999, is highly effective in controlling 25% SYP-Z071 EC has better control wheat powder mildew, wheat rust, Flumorph, with CAS name of effect on cucumber downy mildew rice blast, rice false smut, banana leaf 4-[3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-(4- than some traditional fungicides such spot, apple alternaria leaf spot, etc. fluoro-phenyl)-1-oxo-2-propenyl] as mancozeb WP, with application morpholine, is the first fungicide dosage of 100~200g(i.a.)/ha.. And FIGURE 4: Structural formula of with self-dominated intellectual compared with isoprothiolane, 25% SYP-1620 property right in China, developed SYP-Z071 EC has lower risk for by Liu Changling of SYRICI in 1994. fungicide resistance of rice blast. FIGURE 1: Structure formula of SYP-Z048 flumorph SYP-Z048, a new pyridine oxazoline Source: SYRICI fungicide with novel structure (FIGURE 3) and unique action SYP-1620 was firstly produced in mechanism, has good control 2004 in the Pilot Plant of SYRICI, the effect on crop diseases induced by only producer in the world. SYRICI Source: SYRICI ascomycetes, basidiomycetes and developed its first formulation, deuteromycetes, such as botrytis 5% SYP-1620 EC in 2006, and Flumorph has been granted cinerea on tomato and cucumber. started commercial production of patents both in China and the U.S. another formulation, 20% SYP- Commercial production of this FIGURE 3: Structural formula of 1620·tebuconazole SC this year. fungicide started in 1999, using SYP-Z048 catechol as starting raw material. It is Up to now, SYRICI has obtained four mainly used to control Peronospora Chinese patents and one American and Phytophthora diseases, such patent for SYP-1620 since 1999, as downy mildew on cucumber, including a Chinese patent for cabbage and grape, phytophthora 20% SYP-1620·tebuconazole SC blight on pepper and tomato, etc., (ZL03134025.3). with application dosage of 150g(a.i.)/ Source: SYRICI ha. SYP-1620 has been promoted SYP-Z048, with broad-spectrum and well in the control of wheat self-dominated intellectual property powder mildew and banana leaf Enestroburin (SYP-Z071) right, is highly effective in controlling spot, in Shandong province and various crop diseases, such as South China respectively, with Enestroburin, with test number of cucumber scab, cotton fusarium wilt, commercial production of 20% SYP- SYP-Z071, is a strobilurin fungicide wheat scab, grape brown spot and 1620·tebuconazole SC in 2008. with broad spectrum and long- botrytis cinerea. lasting preventive and curative Resemble to the development of activity, developed by SYRICI and SYP-Z048 is especially effective in SYP-Z071, SYRICI has also completed granted Chinese patent. botrytis cinerea control, compared technological upgrade of SYP-1620 by with such fungicides as pyrimethanil launching a new production line with and procymidone. In addition, technical capacity of 10t/a. SYP-Z048 won’t lead to cross CCM International Limited 1
  5. 5. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 Comments period (1995-2000). at the field test stage by SYRICI, with test numbers of SYP-3375, SYP-3343, China is making great efforts in SYRICI, as the first comprehensive SYP-3759. pesticide independent innovation, R&D unit for China’s chemical with pesticide development listed industry, has contributed a lot in CCM will continue to introduce in the Guideline of Medium- and developing China’s pesticide industry. other fungicides with self-dominated Long-Term Program for Science and Except for the above 4 fungicides intellectual property right in China in Technology (2006-2020). China with Chinese patents having been next issue. started to build National Pesticide R commercially produced, there are & D Centers in the 9th Five-year plan other 3 fungicides being developed or ■ Supply and Demand Large demand boosts difenoconazole market O wing to large demand both at home and abroad, difenoconazole technical supply is very tight in Chinese market in May 2009, which has largely boosted kasugamycin · copper oxychloride WP, 10% difenoconazole WG and 20% thiediazole copper SC. Therefore, more peasants would use 10% difenoconazole its market. WDG, thus boosting difenoconazole. In China, most large manufacturers have no Meanwhile, large demand from overseas is another difenoconazole technical storage at present, due to its important factor boosting tight supply of difenoconazole tight supply in recent months. technical. As Table 1 shows, Green Agrosino and Shandong Dongtai export 70% of their difenoconazole According to Mr. Yang, sales manager from Beijing Green to overseas markets, such as Vietnam, while Shouguang Agrosino Company (Green Agrosino), the company’s ShuangXing exports 50% of its difenoconazole output. difenoconazole technical supply is very tight and is not According to Ms. Liu, difenoconazole technical are well able to satisfy new orders until Jun. 2009. sold both in domestic and overseas market at present. And Shandong Shouguang ShuangXing Pesticide Company (Shouguang ShuangXing) isn’t able to satisfy With difenoconazole technical tight supply in Chinese new difenoconazole technical orders until late Jun. 2009, market, many companies have registered its technical according to Ms. Liu, sales manager from the company. and formulations. Difenoconazole were the most popular fungicide registered in Apr. 2009 (Pls refer to Fungicides Tight supply of difenoconazole technical is mainly due to China News 0905, P15). Besides, some companies like the following three reasons: Shouguang ShuangXing are expending their capacity/ output. According to Ms. Liu, Shouguang ShuangXing With pesticide consumption entering peak season in will expend its difenoconazole technical output to 20t/ China at present, especially in South China, domestic month in H2 2009. demand for difenoconazole technical is very large, as most difenoconazole formulation producers in China are busy However, difenoconazole price has reduced to producing. According to Shandong Dongtai Agrochemical USD32,178/t in early May, compared with USD35,103/ Company, the company sells difenoconazole technical t in May 2008, as shown in Figure 5, mainly due to the very well in economic crop planting regions in the south global financial crisis. It is predicted that difenoconazole of China. technical supply will continue to be tight in the near future, as fruit disease occurrence will be severe in recent Besides,� 10% difenoconazole WDG is among the months, which may drive its price up in near future. four formulations recommended by National Agro- Tech Extension and Service Center (NATESC) in Difenoconazole, a systemic fungicide with broad Mar. 2009, which include 2% kasugamycin AS, 47% spectrum, provides long-lasting preventive and TABLE 1: Current production situation of major difenoconazole technical producers Production Output Capacity (t/ Production Export Producers (t/ a) status proportion month) Beijing Green Agrosino Company 200 15 Tight 70% Shandong Dongtai Agrochemical Company 300 20 Tight 70% Jiangsu Sevencontinent Green Chemical Company N/A 10 Normal N/A Shandong Shouguang ShuangXing Pesticide Company 300 10 Tight 50% Source: Shanghai metal website CCM International Limited 2
  6. 6. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 curative activity against ascomycetes, basidiomycetes difenoconazole EC and 37% difenoconazole WDG are and deuteromycetes, including alternaria, ascochyta, most commonly used single formulations in China, cercospora, cercosporidium, colletotrichum, guignardia, while difenoconazole + propiconazole is the major mycosphaerella, rhizoctonia, septoria, uncinula, etc. difenoconazole mixed formulation. At present, 10% difenoconazole WDG, 25% TABLE 1: Current production situation of major difenoconazole technical producers 40,000 35,000 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 May-08 Jun-08 Jul-08 Aug-08 Sep-08 Oct-08 Nov-08 Dec-08 Jan-09 Feb-09 Mar-09 Apr-09 May-09 Difenoconazole Source: CCM International Foreign procurement boosts captan & folpet market S ome foreign producers have suspended technical production of captan and folpet, which is to boost production and export of these two export-oriented fungicides in China. Captan and folpet are broad-spectrum fungicides used to control various vegetable diseases, such as downy mildew, powdery mildew and anthracnose, as well as early blight and late blight of tomato and potato. The two fungicides have the same capacity in China, as they can be produced by the same production line. Captan and folpet are export-oriented fungicides, with most of the output exported to Europe, South America, South Africa, etc. Yingde Greatchem Chemicals Company (Yingde Greatchem) is producing technical of captan and folpet tightly at present thanks to large demand from overseas. It won’t accept new orders until mid June 2009, according to Mr. Bi, sales manager from the company. Ningbo Zhenhai Hodak Agrochemicals Company (Ningbo Zhenhai Hodak) and Zhejiang Rayfull Holding Company (Zhejiang Rayfull) only produce these two products by orders. Technical supply of captan and folpet is tight in China at present, as some foreign producers have suspended production due to capital shortage caused by global financial crisis. Besides, with higher production cost in the overseas, many formulation processors would like to import technical from China to reduce production cost. Both of these aspects has boosted captan and flopet demand. It is predicted that captan and folpet are expected to have a promising market in near future. Currently, some companies, such as Yingde Greatchem, are expanding technical capacity of captan and folpet in order to satisfy the large export. According to Mr. Bi, Yingde Greatchem will double its captan technical capacity in Aug. ~ Sep.2009. TABLE 2: Technical export situation of captan and folpet Company Capacity (t/a) Export destination France, Spain, Turkey, Suriname, Lithuania, Changzhou Pangu Chemical Company 800~900 South Africa Ecuador, Guatemala, Ukraine, Jordan, Dominican Ningbo Zhenhai Hodak Agrochemicals Company 600~700 Rep, Chile, South Africa Yingde Greatchem Chemicals Company 500~600 Spain, South Africa, Europe, South America Zhejiang Rayfull Holding Company 400~500 Europe, South America Source: CCM International CCM International Limited 3
  7. 7. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 Isoprothiolane sales robust W ith the coming of peak season for rice blast occurrence since late Apr. 2009, isoprothiolane application volume mainly depends on disease degree, so isoprothiolane demand mainly depends as well. Isoprothiolane technical produced by Zhejiang Linghua Industry Company production and sales have been is not sold in the market. The robust in China. China has currently 3 major company uses the product itself to isoprothiolane technical producers, produce 30% and 40% isoprothiolane Rice blast has occurred seriously about 40 single formulation EC. in Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, producers and more than 30 Jiangxi and Hunan at present, due mixed formulation producers, with However, Hunan Hengyang to favorable temperature and large- technical capacity of 10,000t/a, Roymaster Bio-pesticide Company scale adoption of non-resistant rice output of 5, 000t/a and demand of suspended isoprothiolane production varieties this year. China has entered 1,000~2,000t/a at present. to focus on glyphosate in H2 2008, the peak season for rice blast control according to Ms. Lin from the (Pls refer to Fungicides China News As Table 3 shows, Sichuan Academy company. 0905, P13). and Sichuan Chuandong are producing isoprothiolane technical As for price of isoprothiolane In China, three kinds of fungicides, tightly. According to Ms. Yuan, technical, it has reduced to including tricyclazole, isoprothiolane director from Guanghan Testing USD4,270/t in early May from and iprobenfos, are commonly Workshop of Sichuan Academy, USD 5,400/t in 2008, mainly due used to control rice blast, among isoprothiolane is under short supply to significant price drop of raw which tricyclazole is mainly for rice both at home and abroad currently. materials. Isoprothiolane sales blast prevention, iprobenfos for volume is expected to rise this year, both prevention and treatment and Sichuan Chuandong exports 60% as more growers will be able to offer isoprothiolane for treatment. of its isoprothiolane output to the lower price and rice blast occurrence overseas, such as Southeast Asia. Its situation is severe this year with Isoprothiolane is an organic domestic market has also started up estimated stricken area of 5.60 phosphine fungicide with high thanks to the coming of peak season million hectares. efficacy against rice blast. Occurrence for isoprothiolane sales, according of rice blast mainly depends on to Mr. Zheng, manager from the weather, while isoprothiolane company. TABLE 3: Current production situation of isoprothiolane technical producers Output (t/month) Production Company status Sichuan Academy of Chemical Industry Research & Design (Sichuan Academy) 300~400 Tight Sichuan Chuandong Agrochemicals Company(Sichuan Chuandong) 80 Tight Zhejiang Linghua Industry Company (Zhejiang Linghua) 40~50 Normal Hunan Hengyang Roymaster Bio-pesticide Company (Hengyang Roymaster) 0 Suspended Source: CCM International Hymexazol prosperity in April A fter the slack demand from late 2008 to early 2009, hymexazol has enjoyed a promising market since this April, as the peak season for rice seedling blight hydrochloride, raw materials for hymexazol technical production, have kept stable in terms of price and supply recently. Accordingly, price of hymexazol technical occurrence (June and July) is coming. Despite the gloomy remained relatively stable in May, going down slightly export, robust domestic demand still promotes stable from 25,000USD/t in Jan. to 23,500USD/t, when a production of hymexazol technical. majority of pesticides witnessed serious price drop in H1 2009. Hymexazol has enjoyed a thriving market both at home and abroad in 2008 and is expected to enjoy a promising Currently, 99% hymexazol technical becomes more and market in the future years. more popular in China, while 95% and 97% technical still dominate the overseas market. The producers begin to Besides, with increasing demand of hymexazol in pay more attention to domestic market and promote 99% domestic market, methyl acetoacetate and Hydroxylamine hymexazol technical to foreign users (Table 4). CCM International Limited 4
  8. 8. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 Hymexazol, a systemic fungicide decompose into compounds with low According to Mr. Zhang, sales with high efficacy and low toxicity, toxicity. manager from Weifang Tianda is usually used as a soil disinfectant Plants Protection Co., Ltd, with by binding with iron and aluminum Relevant news link: Hymexazol registration in May 2008 and ions to inhibit germination of spores. market promising in China technical innovation in late 2008, Hymexazol can be absorbed by and (Fungicides Newsletter 0902, Page 2, the company has started to produce transfer across plant roots, and by CCM International) 99% hymexazol technical in large generate two glucosides in plants scale and achieved good sales in early to improve physiological activity of In China, hymexazol had witnessed 2009. The company has hymexazol crops, thus promoting crop growth a thriving market both at home and technical capacity of 200t/a. Its and root tillering, increasing root abroad in 2008, and was expected export proportion in the total output hair and improving root activity. to have a promising market in the reduces to 25% in May from 60% in future years. To satisfy the future Jan. 2009 (Table 4). As a broad-spectrum fungicide, demand in the peak season from hymexazol has good effects Apr. to Sep. 2009, most Chinese Mr. Li, salesman from Shandong against various crops diseases hymexazol technical producers have Qiaochang Chemical Co., Ltd, induced by fusarium, pythium spp, continued production even in slack claimed that the company still mainly rhizoctonia, etc, especially for the season, from late 2008 to early 2009. produces 95% hymexazol technical, control of seedling blight on rice as 99% technical hasn’t been well and sugarbeet and fusarium wilt promoted yet. ‘We still largely rely on on watermelon. It has small effect export at present, but we’re planning on bacteria and actinomycetes in to produce 99% technical and adjust soil, thus exerting little impact on export proportion in the future,’ says microbiological ecology. Besides, it Mr. Li. is environmentally friendly as it can TABLE 3: Current production situation of isoprothiolane technical producers Export proportion Capacity Producer Export destination (t/a) 2009.01 2009.05 Weifang Tianda Plants Protection Company 200 50~60% 20%~30% Southeast Asia, East Europe Shandong Qiaochang Chemical Company 200 60% 45%~55% Middle East, East Europe Source: CCM International ■ Price updates Monthly price of key raw materials in Jun� 2009 Factory price Market price Raw material/ 10 Jun. 2009 10 May 2009 Jun. 2008 10Jun. 2009 10 May 2009 Jun. 2008 intermediates USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t 2,6-Dimethyl aniline 12,097 82,700 12,120 82,700 18,747 129,300 12,141 83,000 12,164 83,000 18,798 129,650 Copper oxychloride 4,052 27,700 4,060 27,700 5,314 36,650 4,096 28,000 4,104 28,000 5,365 37,000 Cuprous oxide 6,100 41,700 6,112 41,700 8,939 61,650 6,143 42,000 6,155 42,000 8,989 62,000 M-xylene 1,682 11,500 1,715 11,700 2,269 15,650 1,726 11,800 1,759 12,000 2,320 16,000 Nitrobenzene 790 5,400 791 5,400 1,254 8,650 834 5,700 835 5,700 1,305 9,000 1,2,4-Triazole 5,734 39,200 5,818 39,700 6,909 47,650 5,778 39,500 5,862 40,000 6,959 48,000 Sulphur 88 600 91 620 239 1,650 95 650 106 720 290 2,000 Source: CCM International CCM International Limited 5
  9. 9. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 Monthly factory price of main fungicides in Jun� 2009 10 Jun. 2009 10 May 2009 Jun. 2008 10 Jun. 2009 10 May 2009 Technical Formulation USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t Dimethomorph 16,339 111,700 16,810 114,700 18,073 124,650 50% WP 10,122 69,200 10,215 69,700 Chlorothalonil 5,076 34,700 5,305 36,200 5,749 39,650 75% WP 4,198 28,700 4,646 31,700 Mancozeb 3,467 23,700 3,547 24,200 4,299 29,650 80% WP 3,320 22,700 3,400 23,200 Isoprothiolane 4,198 28,700 4,280 29,200 5,604 38,650 - - - - - Carbendazim 3,759 25,700 4,060 27,700 7,054 48,650 50% SC 2,443 16,700 2,521 17,200 Sulphur 351 2,400 366 2,500 1,051 7,250 50% SC 322 2,200 352 2,400 Phosethyl Al 2,516 17,200 2,667 18,200 4,081 28,150 - - - - - Triadimefon 7,855 53,700 8,163 55,700 9,663 66,650 15% WP 1,711 11,700 2,081 14,200 Tebuconazole 14,262 97,500 14,319 97,700 18,798 129,650 - - - - - Tricyclazole 7,562 51,700 7,577 51,700 7,924 54,650 - - - - - Propiconazole 27,748 189,700 30,001 204,700 30,397 209,650 - - - - - Metalaxyl 19,703 134,700 21,207 144,700 26,047 179,650 - - - - - Prochloraz 7,416 50,700 7,577 51,700 11,766 81,150 - - - - - Difenoconazole 32,136 219,700 32,199 219,700 36,196 249,650 - - - - - Propamocarb 6,538 44,700 7,137 48,700 8,141 56,150 - - - - - Source: CCM International Monthly Shanghai port price and FOB Shanghai of main fungicides in Jun� 2009 Shanghai port price FOB Shanghai Shanghai port price 10 Jun. 10 May Technical 10 Jun. 2009 10 May 2009 Jun. 2008 Formulation 10 Jun. 2009 10 May 2009 2009 2009 USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t USD/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t Dimethomorph 16,383 112,000 16,854 115,000 18,124 125,000 15,753 16,205 50% WP 10,166 69,500 10,259 70,000 Chlorothalonil 5,120 35,000 5,349 36,500 5,800 40,000 4,974 5,195 75% WP 4,242 29,000 4,690 32,000 Mancozeb 3,511 24,000 3,591 24,500 4,350 30,000 3,435 3,511 80% WP 3,364 23,000 3,444 23,500 Isoprothiolane 4,242 29,000 4,323 29,500 5,655 39,000 4,135 4,213 - - - - - Carbendazim 3,803 26,000 4,104 28,000 7,104 49,000 3,715 4,002 50% SC 2,487 17,000 2,565 17,500 Sulphur 395 2,700 410 2,800 1,102 7,600 453 468 50% SC 366 2,500 396 2,700 Phosethyl Al 2,560 17,500 2,711 18,500 4,132 28,500 2,525 2,670 - - - - - Triadimefon 7,899 54,000 8,207 56,000 9,714 67,000 7,634 7,930 15% WP 1,755 12,000 2,125 14,500 Tebuconazole 14,306 97,800 14,363 98,000 18,849 130,000 13,765 13,820 - - - - - Tricyclazole 7,606 52,000 7,621 52,000 7,974 55,000 7,354 7,369 - - - - - Propiconazole 27,792 190,000 30,045 205,000 30,448 210,000 26,672 28,828 - - - - - Metalaxyl 19,747 135,000 21,251 145,000 26,098 180,000 18,973 20,412 - - - - - Prochloraz 7,460 51,000 7,621 52,000 11,817 81,500 7,214 7,369 - - - - - Difenoconazole 32,180 220,000 32,243 220,000 36,247 250,000 30,871 30,932 - - - - - Propamocarb 6,582 45,000 7,181 49,000 8,192 56,500 6,374 6,948 - - - - - Source: CCM International CCM International Limited 6
  10. 10. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 Monthly market price of main crops in Jun� 2009 10 Jun. 2009 10 May 2009 Jun. 2008 Crops USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t USD/t RMB/t Wheat 268 1,830 268 1,827 231 1,592 Yellow maize 227 1,554 227 1,546 238 1,639 Peanut Kernel 917 6,267 1,011 6,900 1,179 8,130 Indica rice 404 2,759 404 2,758 393 2,709 Japonica rice 490 3,350 481 3,280 441 3,040 Banana 834 5,700 821 5,600 580 4,000 Cucumber 176 1,200 322 2,200 174 1,200 Apple 878 6,000 806 5,500 797 5,500 Source: CCM International ■ Pricing Most fungicide prices continue downtrend in early June W ith a sustaining downtrend in May, price of most popular fungicides continues to decrease in early June, some even reaching the lowest level in recent years, mainly due to export depression. Price of mancozeb technical, a fungicide with largest capacity in China, has decreased to USD3,511/t in early June, down 2.23% over the previous month. Mancozeb technical supply still exceeds the demand severely in early June, leading to more intense competition and continuous price decrease. It is worthy noting that the downtrend has slowed down, with decrease rate reducing from 5.66% in previous month to 2.23% in early June. Price of carbendazim technical, the largest domestic benzimidazole fungicide, has declined to USD3,803/t in early June, down 7.34% over the previous month, reaching the lowest level in recent years. After the sharp slump from USD6,290/t in Mar. to USD4,242/t in Apr., price of carbendazim technical has dropped slightly, following the sustaining export depression. Chlorothalonil technical price has decreased by 4.29% in June, compared with USD5,349/t in May. The price war was still severe, in which most producers have cut down quotation to capture market share since early 2009. Similarly, price of some triazole fungicides decreased slightly in early June, after a continuous rebound from February to April. Prices of tebuconazole, propiconazole and triadimefon have decreased by 0.41%, 7.50% and 3.75% separately over the previous month, due to the shrinking demand from global market. However, difenoconazole price has maintained the same level with last month, thanks to its wide use range and excellent effect. According to Mr. Zhang from Beijing Green Jixi agrosino Biotech Co., Ltd, the company still busily produces difenoconazole technical though some other pesticides had faced continuous price downtrend. Seeing the promising market, most Chinese producers plan to expand capacity in the near future. The sharp downtrend for prochloraz technical price has stopped in early June, though it still drops slightly compared with last month. Prochloraz technical price has reached the lowest level in recent years to USD7,462, down 2.11% over the previous month. As an export-oriented with 70% output exported, prochloraz technical has witnessed a price drop of 37.8% from USD11,988/t in Dec. 2008,. It is estimated that it will continue to drop in the future. Most fungicide prices haven’t dropped sharply in early June, thanks to the recovery of Chinese economy. However, with the global financial crisis, fungicide market in China still needs some time to recover in the near future. CCM International Limited 7
  11. 11. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 ■ Company Dynamics Jiangsu Chengyang to build 200t/a cyproconazole J iangsu Chengyang Crop Technological Co., Ltd (Jiangsu Chengyang) is applying for technical includes synthesis and refining of onium salts and 1-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-cyclopropyl- abroad. Some producers began to produce cyproconazole technical with small scale in early 2007, though registration of 95% cyproconazole propane. The company produces without registration. With highest technical and planning to build a new onium salts using dimethyl sulfoxide price of more than USD130,000/ 200t/a cyproconazole production line and dimethyl sulfate as raw materials, t, cyproconazole becomes the most and locate it in late 2010. avoiding the stench emitted by expensive fungicide in China. dimethyl sulfide, a raw material used The production line will be built to produce onium salts by traditional History proved that large numbers in its new plant located in Nanjing technology. of people would roll in when a Chemical Industrial Park, together new market shows up. With more with a 200t/a difenoconazole Furthermore, Jiangsu Chengyang and more companies engaging in production line, with total investment uses 1-(4-chlorophenyl)-2- cyproconazole production and large of USD15 million. cyclopropyl-propane as intermediate, impact by global financial crisis, which is much cheaper than cyproconazole price dropped greatly Mr. Xu from Jiangsu Chengyang 4-chlorophenyl-cyclopropyl-methyl- since 2008, down to USD88,000/t claims that the new plant is currently ketone adopted in traditional route. recently. under construction, with the 200t/a Traditional intermediate has so high cyproconazole technical production price mainly because one of its raw When more and more producers line under environmental impact material is very expensive, with price eliminated, the survivals began to assessment. “China has recently no of USD44,000/t. develop new production technology legal registration for cyproconazole and formally apply for registration. technical, though some producers Developed by Clariant Corporation These companies, including Jiangsu have produced and sold this product (previous Sandoz Corporation) in Chengyang, will gradually dominate illegally. This fungicide is expensive, 1985, cyproconazole is a low toxic Chinese cyproconazole technical which generates large room for triazole fungicide with high efficacy production in the near future. profit,’ said Mr. Xu. against powdery mildew, cereal rust, apple scab, etc. According to the report for environmental impact assessment, Domestic cyproconazole production TABLE 1: Domestic registered epoxiconazole technical producers, 2009 Registration Quoted Price Fungicides Company Capacity (t/a) Situation (USD/t) 200 (when Jiangsu Chengyang Crop Technological Co., Ltd Applying N/A finish) Cyproconazole technical Jiangsu Yancheng Limin Chemical Co., Ltd. 150 Applying 95,187 Zhejiang Shangyu Yinbang Chemical Co., Ltd 100 Applying 77,614 Hunan Xiangda Bide Chemical Co., Ltd Stop production N/A 87,865 Source: CCM International production process of cyproconazole is quite novel, although it is mature Shanghai carried out a new provision in 1 June S hanghai newly carried out a provision named ‘Provisions of Shanghai Municipality on Administration of Operation and Application of Pesticide’ on 1 June, 2009, which regulates that distribution of pesticides must be unified and those who purchase highly toxic pesticide must show their ID card. Besides, the provision has suggested a series of measures strengthening safe management of pesticides. CCM International Limited 8
  12. 12. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 Shouguang ShuangXing to build 1,000t/a tebuconazole S handong Shouguang ShuangXing Pesticide Company (Shouguang ShuangXing) is to build a new 1,000t/a tebuconazole technical production line in H2 2009, and Tebuconazole formulations have been promoted well in domestic market in recent years for the control of various crop diseases such as rust, powdery mildew and scab. The expects to launch it in the end of 2009. overseas demand for tebuconazole technical has also kept robust. Therefore, tebuconazole registration has soared This tebuconazole technical production line will be in China since 2008 (referred to Fungicides China News located in Shouguang ShuangXing’s new plant. Mr. Liu, 0905, Page 16), with large production capacity expansion. manager from the company reveals that the new plant is currently under construction, located in Shandong Owing to bright market prospect, the company has Weifang Binhai Economic Development Area. given priority to tebuconazole product development. The company has previously planned to launch several Shouguang Shuangxing will use chlorobenzaldehyde, new production lines for different fungicide technical pinacolone and 1,2,4-triazole purchased from domestic including tebuconazole, difenoconazole, propiconazole producers as major starting raw materials to produce and mancozeb in H2 2009 when the new plant is finished tebuconazole technical. construction. However, with export depression caused by the global financial crisis, the mancozeb technical After the launch of the production line, 60~70% of capacity expansion, from 500t/a to 3,000~5,000t/a has tebuconazole technical produced will be exported to the been postponed, and the schedule for difenoconazole and overseas, including Europe, America and Southeast Asia, propiconazole expansion is uncertain yet. and the remaining will be consumed by itself to process formulations such as 12.5% tebuconazole EW, which will Shouguang ShuangXing, established in 1997, is a be mainly sold in domestic market, according to Mr. Liu. subsidiary of Shandong A & fine Agrochemicals Group. It has hundreds of registration products such as TC, According to a principal from Product Information WP, WDG, EC, EW, ME and SL. Its fungicide products Department of Shouguang Shuangxing, the company is with brand of ‘Shuangxing’, such as propiconazole and now applying for registration of tebuconazole technical, mancozeb, enjoy good reputation among Chinese crop and is expected to obtain the certificate in early 2010. growers. Moreover, Liu claims that construction of this production line is mainly driven by good market prospect of tebuconazole technical and formulations. TABLE 6: Major tebuconazole technical producers in China Company Production capacity (t/a) Jiangsu Zhangjiagang No. 2 Pesticide Factory 3,000 Shanghai Shengnong Pesticide Co., Ltd. 2,000 Jiangsu Sevencontinent Green Chemical Co., Ltd. 1,000 Jiangsu Sheyang Huanghai Pesticide Chemical Co., Ltd. 800 Jiangsu Sword Agrochemicals Co., Ltd. 600 Sinochem Ningbo Chemicals Co., Ltd. 500 Jiangsu Flag Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. 300 Jiangsu Tuoqiu Agrochemicals Co., Ltd. 300 Anhui Huaxing Chemical Co., Ltd. 300 Jiangsu Fengdeng Pesticide Co., Ltd. 100 Jilin Agrochemicals Co., Ltd. Of CNPC Jilin Chemical Group 500 Shandong Huayang Technology Co., Ltd. 300 Jiangsu Bailing Agrochemical Co., Ltd. 200 Shanghai Heben-Eastsun Medicaments Co., Ltd. 150 Source: CCM International CCM International Limited 9
  13. 13. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 Jiangsu Taicang to build another 300t/a benomyl technical J iangsu Taicang Agrochemical Company (Jiangsu Taicang) plans to build another 300t/a benomyl technical production line in its new plant located in Rugao County, and expects to launch it by late 2010, thus expanding its total benomyl capacity to 900t/a. As a systemic fungicide with low toxicity, benomyl has high efficacy against diseases of grain, grape, pip fruits, rice and vegetable caused by ascomycetous, deuteromycetous and some basidiomyctous fungi. Benomyl is a benzimidazole fungicide flourishing in the 1980s, but is not so popular now, due to serious resistance and large dosage. Mr. Gao, sales manager from Jiangsu Taicang, claimed that all benomyl technical produced by the company are exported. With good reputation and high quality, the company received many orders from the overseas. It has a long-term client from Belgium who purchases more than 100 tonnes of benomyl from it every year. With good sales channels, the company plans to expand the capacity. According to the statistics from Institute for the Control of Agrochemicals, Ministry of Agriculture (ICAMA), China has only five registrations for benomyl technical and one is expired at present. Jiangsu Taicang and Jiangsu Lanfeng are the only 2 legal benomyl technical producers in China at present. Other 3 registrants have stopped production, as they haven’t established long-term relationship with overseas companies and can’t sell their product under the global financial crisis. Jiangsu Taicang survives with high product quality, while Lanfeng answers the enemy with low price and large capacity. Mr. Ma, sales manager from Jiangsu Lanfeng, claimed that his company has much bigger workshop than JiangsuTaicang and can reduce production cost by self-producing raw materials, thus being able to offer lower price. Price investigation showed that benomyl technical price kept stable in early 2009, quoted USD10,000/t by Jiangsu Taicang and USD8,800/t by Jiangsu Lanfeng. ‘When the new production line is launched, with larger capacity, we will be able to reduce production cost, thus lowing down the quotation. Aided by high quality we kept all along, our benomyl may dominate Chinese export by then, ‘ Said Mr. Gao from Jiangsu Taicang. Established in 1983, Jiangsu Taicang has technical capacity of 3,000t/a carbendzain, 600t/a benomyl, 3,000t/a glyphosate, 500t/a thiophanate-methyl, 100t/a propiconazol and 300t/a dodine in Taicang County. It is currently building a new plant with 10,000t/a glyphosate, 2,500t/a carbendzain (introduced in CCM’s Fungicides China News 0905), 300t/a benomyl, 500t/a thiophanate-methyl, 50t/a propiconazol, 500t/a dodine, etc. in Rugao County of Jiangsu. TABLE 7: Registration situation of benomyl technical in China A.I. Capacity Export Fungicide Registration period Registration Company Survey Remark content (t/a) Proportion 2009.01.06 --- Jiangsu Taicang Agrochemical Co., Up to 900t/a when the new 95% 600 100% 2009.12.31 Ltd ( Jiangsu Taicang ) line completes 2008.10.17 --- Jiangsu Lanfeng Bio-Chem Co., 95% 1,200 80% N/A 2009.10.17 Ltd ( Jiangsu Lanfeng) Benomyl 2009.01.09 --- Jiangsu Anpon Electrochemical Stop production because of 90% N/A N/A Technical 2009.12.31 Co., Ltd severe pollution 2009.02.20 --- Jinagsu Jiangyin KAJO Stop production several 95% N/A N/A 2009.12.31 Agrochemical Co., Ltd. years ago 2007.03.23 --- Jiangsu Suzhou Worldbest Agro- Stop production several 95% N/A N/A 2008.12.31 (expired) Biochemical Co., Ltd. years ago Source:ICAMA, CCM International CCM International Limited 10
  14. 14. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 Jiangsu Lanfeng’s thiophanate-methyl sees robust demand J iangsu Lanfeng Bio-chem Company (Jiangsu Lanfeng), the largest thiophanate-methyl producer protection policy in Suzhou. It now mainly purchases technical from other companies to process fungicide producers, as there are only two producers, namely Jiangsu Lanfeng itself and Anhui Guangxin with capacity of 4,500~5,000t/ thiophanate-methyl formulations. producing thiophanate-methyl a in China, has witnessed robust in China at present.. And Anhui demand at home and abroad, thanks As for Jiangxi Haili Guixi Pesticide Guangxin is the largest carbendazim to its competitive advantage and & Chemicals Company (Jiangxi producer in China with capacity of higher environmental protection Haili), it produces thiophanate- 15,000t/a who pays more attention requirement released by the methyl technical only by orders and to carbendazim production. government. exports 50% of its output. It has also suspended production now, due to For another, environmental Thiophanate-methyl is a kind of the coming of thiophanate-methyl protection policy in Jiangsu, benzimidazole and broad spectrum slack season, relatively large storage location of Jiangsu Lanfeng is not fungicide used to control various and no purchasing orders, according as strict as that in other regions crop diseases such as wheat scab, to Mr. Xiong, sales manager of the such as Suzhou, location of Suzhou rice sheath blight, apple ring rot and company. Worldbest, so Jiangsu Lanfang cucurbits powdery mildew. needs to spend less in environmental Jiangsu Lanfeng’s thiophanate- protection, which also becomes an China is one of the largest methyl witnesses robust demand advantage for its thiophanate-methyl thiophanate-methyl production mainly thanks to the following production. Suzhou Worldbest countries in the world, with total capacity of about 16,000t/a. At FIGURE 6: Distribution of major thiophanate-methyl technical producers in China present, the 3 largest thiophanate- methyl producers in China include Jiangsu Lanfeng Bio-chem Company (Jiangsu Lanfeng), Anhui Guangxin Agrochemical Group Company (Anhui Guangxin) and Suzhou Worldbest Agro-Biochemical Company (Suzhou Worldbest) (Table 8), with their total capacity reaching about 12,000~13,000t/a, taking up around 80% of total market share. According to Ms. Cai, sales manager from Jiangsu Lanfeng, the company produces thiophanate-methyl all year around thanks to large demand both at home and abroad, except the period for equipment maintenance. It exports 70% of its thiophanate- methyl technical to overseas, such as Source: CCM International America, Europe and Southeast Asia. However, according to Mr. Fan, sales reasons: was the third largest thiophanate- manager from Shandong Huayang For one thing, Jiangsu Lanfeng has methyl producer in China before Science and Technology Company faced less competition from other Beijing Olympic Games, but it has (Shandong Huayang), the company has currently suspended production TABLE 8: Major thiophanate-methyl technical producers in 2009 to update its equipment, aiming to meet the requirement for environmental Production Production Output in Export Production companies capacity (t/a) 2008 (tonne) proportion status protection. Therefore, it has no output in Jiangsu Lanfeng 4,500~5,000 4,000 70% Active 2009 and will resume Anhui Guangxin 3,500~3,800 3,200 60~70% Active production in 2010. Suzhou Worldbest Suzhou Worldbest 4,000 2,000~2,500 0 Stopped has also suspended Shandong Huayang 1,200~1,500 300~500 0 Stopped thiophanate-methyl Jiangxi Haili 1,200~1,500 1,000 0 Stopped technical production at present, due to the stricter environmental Source: CCM International CCM International Limited 11
  15. 15. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 suspended thiophanate-methyl thiophanate-methyl technical and sulfur, its price has decreased technical production due to the strict has witnessed robust demand slightly during Jan. 2009 to May environmental protection policy in from formulation production, 2009, mainly due to the global Suzhou. such as thiophanate-methyl WP, financial crisis, as shown in Figure 6. thiophanate-methyl SC and mixed Though Jiangsu Lanfeng’s formulation production with thiram FIGURE 7: Price change of thiophanate-methyl and carbendazim, Jan. ~ May 2009 (Unit: USD/t) 40,000 35,000 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 May-08 Jun-08 Jul-08 Aug-08 Sep-08 Oct-08 Nov-08 Dec-08 Jan-09 Feb-09 Mar-09 Apr-09 May-09 Difenoconazole Source: CCM International ■ Raw Material, Intermediates and Additives JZPC building 100,000t/a m-xylene J iangsu Zhongxin Petrochemical Company (JZPC) now is building a 100,000t/a m-xylene production According to Mr. Sima, principle of this project, the company will adopt Sima expresses that all m-xylene produced by JZPC will be supplied line, and is expected to launch it in a new patent technology to produce to domestic downstream companies. late 2010, which will help to relieve m-xylene, using bottle grade pet, ‘With high product quality and domestic m-xylene short supply in textiles, disinfection solution and m-xylene short supply, our company the future. perfume as raw materials. Sima has signed long-term contract with reveals that this patent technology some domestic companies, ‘ Sima JZPC’s m-xylene project, with total is brought from UOP (the United says. investment of USD99.5 million States) with USD20 million. and coverage area of 163,333m2, M-xylene, a basic chemical raw is located in Lingang Xincheng Moreover, active ingredient content material, is widely applied in the TABLE 9: M-xylene and its downstream pesticides Raw material Intermediate Pesticide Isophthalonitrile Chlorothalonil (Fungicide) M-xylene 2,4-dimethyl ani ine Semiamitraz chloride, amitraz (Insecticide) 2,6-dimethyl aniline Metalaxyl (Fungicide) Source: CCM International Development Zone of Jiangsu. This of m-xylene produced by JZPC will production of pesticides, dyes, project has initiated construction in reach 99.95%, highest among all medicine, pigments, etc. A series Mar. 2009 and is expected to launch the domestic producers. At present, of chemical intermediates, such as in H2 2010, including matching active ingredient content of m-xylene isophthalic acid, isophthalonitrile, 2,4 facilities of 120,000t/a isophthalic produced by Yanshan Petrochemical (2,6)-dimethyl aniline and m-toluic acid production line. Company is 99.50%. acid, can be produced using m-xylene CCM International Limited 12
  16. 16. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 as raw material. Homemade m-xylene is far from meeting demand from its downstream industries. At present, Yanshan Petrochemical Company, with 35,000t/a production capacity, is the only m-xylene producer in China, after Shanghai Petrochemical Company, with 8,000t/a capacity, stopped production in 2006. However, compared with annual domestic m-xylene demand of 106,000 tonnes in 2007 and 141,500 tonnes in 2009(predicted by JZPC), current capacity is far from meeting the demand. As for m-xylene used in downstream fungicide production, the demand from chlorothalonil and metalaxyl production was about 15,000t/a in 2008, and this demand will increase by 4,000~5,000t/a in 2009, with capacity expansion of the two fungicides (Table 10). TABLE 10: Production capacity expansion of chlorothalonil and metalaxyl in China (Unit: t/a) Fungicide Capacity ‘08 Capacity ‘09 Remark Jiangsu Xinyi CAC Chemical Company is to launch Chlorothalonil 13,100 18,100 5,000t/a production line in Jun. or Jul. 2009. Jiangsu Baoling Chemical Company and Zhejiang Heben Pesticide & Chemicals Company expanded by Metalaxyl 1,500 2,500 400t/a and 600t/a in early 2009. Source: CCM International ■ Disease Potato late blight to prevail in China P otato late blight has hit accumulatively 184,600 hectares of planting area in Southwest China with much larger stricken areas compared with the same period of 2008 (Table 11). potato growers’ insufficient efforts on disease control. and Central China by mid May It is predicted that from late May 2009, and is predicted to occur Chongqing is the most severely to early June, potato late blight will severely in East China, North China, stricken region by potato late blight, further expand in Southwest China, Northeast China and Northwest with stricken area of 74,867 hectares Central China and East China. Then China during late May to August this by mid May 2009, accounting for from June to August, the occurrence year, according to National Agro- 36.8% of Chongqing’s total potato will still be severe, since weather Tech Extension and Service Center planting area. The stricken regions forecast from National Climate (NATESC). mainly distribute in mountainous Center shows that rainfall in most regions of Northwest TABLE 11: Occurrence situation of potato late blight in China (Unit: hectare) China, North China and Northeast China Region Stricken area by mid May 2009 Change over last year will be more abundant than normal years, Chongqing 74,867 Up 87.7% year on year which is favorable for Sichuan 36,667 Up 37.0% year on year occurrence and spread Yunnan 1,533 A little severe than last year of potato late blight. Guizhou 16,000 Down 36.0% year on year Owing to forecasted Hubei 40,000 N/A severe occurrence Hunan 7,400 N/A of late blight in Shaanxi 8,133 N/A China’s major potato planting regions, some Source: NATESC traditional fungicide formulations with In mid May, potato late blight has areas with low altitude of Chongqing, high control effect and low toxicity, occurred severely in some major and are estimated to expand fast such as 80% mancozeb WP, 65% potato production regions of in the future months, due to the zineb WP and 4% metalaxyl-M + Southwest China and Central China, favorable weather condition, the 64% mancozeb WDG, are expected especially in Chongqing and Sichuan, high seed transmission rate, and to enjoy market growth in domestic CCM International Limited 13
  17. 17. Fungicides China News Vol.2 Issue 6 market, thanks to their excellent performance in potato PICTURE 1: Potato and its leaves hit by late blight late blight control and relatively low price. However, as for the new fungicides against potato late blight, like azoxystrobin, cyazofamid and fluazinam, their domestic demand will stay at a low level in the future years, since their promotion will still be difficult due to the high price. Aim to control potato late blight and promote treatment technology, NATESC held a National Potato Late Blight Prevention Conference from 23 April to 24 April 2009 in Jinan city, Shandong province. Serious wheat stripe rust and powdery mildew in Henan W heat stripe rust and powdery mildew, two key wheat diseases, have occurred severely this rust and powdery mildew, consumption of related fungicides has risen largely PICTURE 2: Wheat powdery mildew year in Henan, with stricken areas this year. Triazole fungicides, of 1.01 million hectares and 2.05 including triadimefon, million hectares by May 19th, 2009, tebuconazole, flutriafol, accounting for 19.1% and 39.0% propiconazole, etc, have enjoyed respectively of Henan’s total wheat a remarkable demand growth planting area. for their good control effect against these two diseases. In Henan is the largest wheat particular, domestic demand for production region in China, with total triadimefon, the most popular planting area of 5.26 million hectares, triazole fungicide applied in accounting for 22.8% of China’s total. China, has grown by more than 70% in Henan. According to the monitoring data PICTURE 3: Wheat stripe rust from Henan Plant Protection Station, By May 19th, 2009, accumulative the stricken areas by wheat stripe control areas to wheat stripe rust rust and powdery mildew have kept and powdery mildew have reached increasing since late Apr. 2009 1.56 million hectares and 2.45 (FIGURE 8). From Apr. 21st to May million hectares in Henan, 1.55 19th, the wheat areas hit by stripe times and 1.22 times compared rust and powdery mildew have to the disease-stricken areas grown by 3.97 times and 2.05 times respectively. respectively. In Henan, wheat harvest began in Owing to severe drought during Feb. late May and is estimated to finish in and Mar. and large-scale rainfall in mid-Jun. By Jun. 2nd, the harvested recent two months, wheat planting area has reached 1.69 million areas hit by stripe rust and powdery hectares, accounting for 32.2% of mildew have increased remarkably Henan’s total wheat planting area. in Henan. By May FIGURE 8: Wheat areas hit by stripe rust and powdery mildew, 21 Apr.~19 May (Unit: ‘000 hectares) 19th, 2009, wheat powdery mildew has hit accumulatively 2.05 40,000 million hectares of wheat 35,000 planting area, up 77.8% year on year. Besides, 30,000 stricken area by wheat stripe rust has increased by 25,000 several times over the same 20,000 period of 2008, as this disease began to spread in 15,000 Henan in March, about 40 10,000 days earlier than last year. May-08 Jun-08 Jul-08 Aug-08 Sep-08 Oct-08 Nov-08 Dec-08 Jan-09 Feb-09 Mar-09 Apr-09 May-09 Difenoconazole With severe and large-scale occurrence of wheat stripe Source: Henan Plant Protection Station CCM International Limited 14