China Takes Restriction on ParaquatSummary: China has already taken measures to restrict paraquat, according to CCMInternational’s May Issue of Herbicides China News.Tag: pesticide, herbicide, paraquat, paraquat SL, restriction, paraquat technical, paraquat TK,paraquat manufacturerCCM International have published the May Issue of Herbicides China News recently, focusingon paraquat restriction. Regarding whether paraquat will be restricted in China, on April 24, 2012,three Chinese governmental departments including the Ministry of Agriculture (MOA), Ministry ofIndustry and Information Technology (MIIT) and General Administration of Quality Supervision,Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) jointly released an official announcement in response, that allparaquat SL is demanded to be withdrawn from the whole Chinese market after July 1, 2016.Accordingly, a series of relative detailed measures are mentioned in the announcement so as toback up this decision of paraquat restriction in China:1. From April 24, 2012, China will stop approving new manufacturers of paraquat technical andformulation, stop accepting new applications of field experiment, registration and productionpermits for paraquat products (covering TK, SL and mixed SL), and stop sanctioning newregistrations and production permits for paraquat products (covering TK, SL and mixed SL).2. After July 1, 2014, all current registrations and production permits of paraquat SL and mixedparaquat SL will be canceled in China, except those in paraquat TK manufacturers for paraquatexport to overseas market. And all products of paraquat SL are forbidden to sell and apply inChina after July 1, 2016.3. Rechecking all product labels and modifying all registrations and production permits accordingto the new standard. In detail, new standard demands that paraquat label should additionallyinclude some key information such as first aid hotline and caution, and all registrations shouldadditionally cover relative information of technical manufacturers such as manufacturer name.Thus, the unqualified new paraquat in label, registration or production permit is forbidden to comeinto the market after Jan. 1, 2013, and old paraquat registrations and production permits will alsobe canceled in the meantime. As to current paraquat products with old labels can be sold onlybefore Dec. 31, 2013.4. Current paraquat manufacturers in China must produce eligible paraquat products, whichshould be compounded with emetic, odor agents, colorant and so forth.
5. Paraquat manufacturers in China should enhance after-sale services including applicationinstruction and first aid of poisoning. A series of protection methods in package such as thinbottleneck of paraquat bottle and medical active carbon are encouraged.It can be observed that the restriction on paraquat of Chinese government was triggered directlyby the suggestion from chemical experts of UN that paraquat dichlorid should be subject to thePrior Informed Consent (PIC) Procedure of The Rotterdam Convention, which was mentioned inMarch 2011. And this suggestion has already witnessed examination from Evaluation Committeeof The Rotterdam Convention, and will be checked by the conference of contracting party in2013. It means that paraquat will probably face the risk of being listed into PIC, which will impacton the circulation of paraquat in the world. (Herbicides China News 1109: Worries about paraquataroused in China)Coupled with the examination process in The Rotterdam Convention, China decided to restrictparaquat in domestic market, also considering its fatal poisoning trait as well as the futureindustrial development direction. As expected by Chinese government these years, pesticidemarket in China should be healthy, sustainable and people-oriented, rather than of overcapacity,stiff competitiveness and severe homogenization.In the respect of industrial development in Chinese paraquat market, the restriction on paraquatin China will push the industrial integration to some degree, which is managed by the governmentcurrently in order to tackle overcapacity and severe homogenization in domestic pesticide market.In detail, weak small paraquat manufacturers who only aim at domestic market will be washedout, and the leading paraquat enterprises whose targets cover overseas market can stay to enjoya potential easy circumstance. In other words, the future paraquat production in China isexpected to centralize in strong paraquat players who own self-exported capacity, and the excessor weak paraquat capacity in China will be cut off in the meantime. It will be a good prospect forcurrent Chinese paraquat industry, but the large Chinese market will also be shocked by paraquatrestriction in the meantime.In terms of current domestic paraquat market where paraquat LS is the major product category,the restriction on SL will make a large market gap if the proper substitutes cant appear in time.As a non-selective herbicide with so many years promotion, paraquat has witnessed fastdevelopment in the past decades in China, and has been playing an increasingly important role inweed control of orchards, corn fields, no-tillage fields and mulberry fields. In accordance withCCM Internationals survey, the output of Chinas paraquat formulations has grown very fast frommore than 40,000 tonnes in 2006 to nearly 80,000 tonnes in 2010, with the average annualgrowth rate of 20%, which is mainly attributed to the rapid growth of domestic and overseasdemand for paraquat during this period.
Even though liquid paraquat formulation can be changed to non-liquid paraquat formulation, suchas solid paraquat or powder-like paraquat, which havent been listed into Chinese governmentalrestriction, the objective truth is that it will take lots of financial and human resources to developthe alternative formulations of paraquat in China and it will also take a long cycle to meet theoutcome.Of course, in a broader scope, other herbicides such as diquat also can be considered assubstitutes. However, in consideration of characteristics about efficiency, residue, application costand so forth, it seems that paraquat is the best of all contact-killing herbicides for the time being.As to those potential survivors in Chinese paraquat revolution, they will also encounter largechallenges in exploration of overseas market because frequent trade frictions and potentialinfluence of The Rotterdam Convention will repress paraquat export further in a mannercompared with the situation in the past. In fact, in the world, some countries such as Sweden,Denmark, Hungary and so forth are resistant to the paraquat application very much. Suchresistance may upgrade if paraquat dichlorid is listed into PIC, and further impact on other originalparaquat importers decisions in the future trade.At any rate, facing the restriction on paraquat in China, what paraquat players need to do atpresent is the timely strategic adjustment or effective product research. In fact, it can be said thatthe governmental restriction on paraquat in China is helpful indirectly for those aggressiveenterprises with strong competitiveness.(CCM International has already taken an interview about paraquat restriction in China withSyngenta, the largest paraquat manufacturer in the world. In the interview, Syngenta expressedits exclusive viewpoints. Please pay closely attention to the next issue of Herbicides China News)Source: Herbicides China News 1205http://www.cnchemicals.com/Newsletter/NewsletterDetail_11.htmlContent of Herbicides China News 1205:ChemChina runs asset reorganization in SanondaAsset exchange proceeds in Shandong DachengHuapont invests in Wanquan Hongyu and Wanquan KaidiChina takes restriction on paraquat
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