Department of Defense Chersia Carlos, Flores Simon
Origins The Army, Navy, and Marine Corps were established in 1775, after the American Revolution. The War Department was set in 1789, and was the precursor to what is now the Department of Defense. The three military branches, Army, Navy, and Air Force, were placed under the direct control of the new Secretary of Defense in 1949, confirmed by Senate.
In 1949, an amendment to the National Security Act consolidated the national defense structure by withdrawing cabinet-level status from the three Service secretaries. The National Military Establishment was then renamed the Department of Defense.
Structure Has control over all of the following and is headed by the Secretary of Defense, Robert M. Gates. The Department of Defense is divided between the Department of The Army, The Department of the Navy, and the Department of The Air Force.
Department of The Army The Department of The Army controls all landbound troops. It is headed by the joint chief of staff of the army. Divide between The Army reserve and The Army National Guard.
The Army Reserve has more than 2000 units in the united states, Guam, the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico and Germany. This units are set and ready to serve the US in case of an emergency.
The Army National Guard civillians who are trained but only work on a part-time basis; one weekend every month and two wekends in the summer. Every state has a National Guard as required by the constitutions. They are only called on emergencies pertinent to the state or a lesser area in problems such as storms, fires, earthquakes or civil disturbances. They can also be asked by the president to participate on federal missions like being sent to the middle-east for the war on terrorism.
The Department of The Navy This branche’s job is very simple, they have to train people to fight on sea, and also mantain peace in international waters. The Department of the Navy is divided between The Shore Establishment and The Operating Forces.
The Shore Establishment is, as it name suggests, staged on land. They provide technical support to the fleet, which is out on water.
The Operating forces is what controls the “acting” side of the Navy. They are the ones who order ships to deploy and send support to fleets staitioned on the sea.
The Department of The Air Force Their main job is to mantain air superiority, attack if needed, and defend the country from airbound attacks. This is the most recent of all the divisions, hence it is not as developed as the other ones.
Currently; end of war in Iraq • The Soldiers of Delta Detachment are preparing for their upcoming deployment to Kuwait to provide financial support for Soldiers assigned to Operation New Dawn (Operation Iraqi Freedom) • U.S. troops’ role in securing the country will be reduced as troop levels fall and the U.S. militarys combat role in Iraq draws to a close. • For the majority of the Soldiers in Delta Det., this will be their first deployment.
Sgt. 1st Class Charles Moten, the noncommissioned officer in the charge of Delta Det, appointed the young soldiers being deployed with some words.“I hope that they all grow, that they learn. This actually gives them the opportunity to learn their jobs and become proficient in their craft. The Soldiers who stand before us are an incredible asset to the Army. Few in numbers, they accomplish great things on and off the battlefield” The total detachment of Troops is to be scheduled after a year.