HealthEducationPrimary HealthCareChantelle Lessard-Chaudoin M.P.HPannasastra University
Primary Health Care essential health care; based on practical, scientifically sound, and socially acceptable method and technology; universally accessible to all in the community through their full participation; at an affordable cost; and geared toward self-reliance and self- determination
Primary Health Care Principles Health Care should be accessible to all people Health Care should be acceptable to the community Health Care should be affordable by community and country
Primary health Care Strategies Prevention Intersectoral Collaboration Appropriate technology Community Involvement
Elements of Primary HealthCare 1. education for the identification and prevention / control of prevailing health challenges 2. proper food supplies and nutrition; adequate supply of safe water and basic sanitation 3. maternal and child care, including family planning 4. immunization against the major infectious diseases 5. prevention and control of locally endemic diseases 6. appropriate treatment of common diseases using appropriate technology 7. promotion of mental, emotional and spiritual health 8. provision of essential drugs
Cambodian Health Data Maternal mortality rate:290 deaths/100,000 live births (2008) Infant mortality rate:total: 55.49 deaths/1,000 live births Life expectancy at birth: 62.67 years (total population)
Japanese Health Data Maternal mortality rate:6 deaths/100,000 live births (2008) Infant mortality rate: 2.78 deaths/1,000 live births Life expectancy at birth: 82.25 years (total population)
Critical Thinking Why do you believe that there is such a drastic difference between the health of Cambodians and the health of Japanese people?