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Diabetes ppt


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Diabetes ppt

  1. 1. Photo Courtesy of By Carmen Chau
  2. 2. <ul><li>This stage occurs before Type 2 diabetes takes place. </li></ul><ul><li>The blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be considered diabetes. </li></ul><ul><li>79 million people in the United States carry prediabetes. </li></ul><ul><li>Recent research has shown that damage to the body, especially the heart and circulatory system are already affected in this stage. </li></ul><ul><li>3 different tests: AC1, Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) and the Oral Glucose Test (OGTT) </li></ul>Photo Courtesy of
  3. 3. <ul><li>Usually diagnosed in children & young adults. </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as “Juvenile Diabetes.” </li></ul><ul><li>The pancreas does not produce insulin </li></ul><ul><li>Beta cells are destroyed. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 5% of people with diabetes carry this form of the disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Insulin Therapy is usually the primary choice for treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>Insulin is injected into the body to help the body use or store the blood glucose it receives from food. </li></ul>Photo Courtesy of
  4. 4. <ul><li>Most common form. </li></ul><ul><li>Millions of Americans carry this form & don’t know they do. </li></ul><ul><li>Most common in African-Americans, Latinos, Asian Americans and Native Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>The body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. </li></ul><ul><li>The glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into the cells. </li></ul>Photo Courtesty of
  5. 5. <ul><li>Some develop this form in the later stage of their pregnancy. </li></ul><ul><li>Women who has developed gestational diabetes is most likely to develop Type 2 within 5-10 years. </li></ul><ul><li>About 3-8% of women develop this form. </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by the hormones of pregnancy or a shortage of insulin. </li></ul><ul><li>May not experience any symptoms. </li></ul>Photo Courtesy of